Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Hydrochaeridae > Hydrochaeris > Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris
 

Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris (Capybara)

Wikipedia Abstract

The capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) is the largest extant rodent in the world. Its closest relatives are agouti, chinchillas, coyphillas, and guinea pigs. Native to South America, the capybara inhabits savannas and dense forests and lives near bodies of water. It is a highly social species and can be found in groups as large as 100 individuals, but usually lives in groups of 10–20 individuals. The capybara is not a threatened species, though it is hunted for its meat and skin.
View Wikipedia Record: Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  121.25 lbs (55.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  3.31 lbs (1.50 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 3 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 3 months
Gestation [1]  5 months
Litter Size [1]  5
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  15 years
Weaning [1]  3 months 13 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic dry forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Bolivian Yungas Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Caatinga Enclaves moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Campos Rupestres montane savanna Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Panamanian montane forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Espinal Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan piedmont and lowland moist forests Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Humid Pampas Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maranhao Babatu forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Andean montane forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco wetlands Venezuela Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rio Negro campinarana Brazil, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Santa Marta páramo Colombia Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South American Pacific mangroves Colombia, Panama, Ecuador Neotropic Mangroves    
Southern Andean Yungas Bolivia, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Atlantic mangroves Brazil Neotropic Mangroves  
Southern Cone Mesopotamian savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uruguayan savanna Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Bañados del Este Wetland Reserve 986054 Uruguay  
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Barro Colorado Island Natural Monument III   Panama  
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
El Palmar National Park II   Entre Rios, Argentina  
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Estancia Sombrero Private Reserve   Paraguay        
Itabó Biological Reserve IV 34092 Paraguay  
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Maracá Ecological Reserve Ia 257554 Roraima, Brazil  
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Morombi Private Reserve Natural Private Reserve IV 68152 Paraguay  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Otishi National Park 760925 Peru  
Pantanal National Park II 336935 Mato Grosso, Brazil  
Parque Atlantico Mar Chiquita Nature Reserve VI 706059 Cordoba, Argentina  
Parque Nacional Canaima National Park II 7542183 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Fronterizo Darién National Park II 1382494 Panama  
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Río Negro National Park II 73775 Paraguay  
Río Pilcomayo National Park II 123699 Formosa, Argentina
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Reserva Natural Otamendi Strict Nature Reserve Ia   Buenos Aires, Argentina  
Reserve de Biosphere Cerrado Biosphere Reserve II 1812 Parana, Brazil  
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      
Tinfunqué National Park 607935 Paraguay  

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Andropogon bicornis (barbas de indio)[2]
Chamerion angustifolium subsp. angustifolium (Rosebay Willowherb)[3]
Cynodon dactylon (manienie)[3]
Echinochloa polystachya (creeping rivergrass)[3]
Eclipta prostrata (False Daisy)[3]
Eichhornia crassipes (common water hyacinth)[3]
Hymenachne amplexicaulis (West Indian marsh grass)[4]
Oryza sativa (rice)[2]
Panicum elephantipes (elephant panicgrass)[3]
Paspalidium geminatum (Egyptian panicum)[3]
Paspalum distichum (knotgrass)[3]
Paspalum fasciculatum (Mexican crowngrass)[2]
Zizaniopsis bonariensis[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Holochilus sciureus (marsh rat)1
Jacana jacana (Wattled Jacana)1
Porphyrio martinica (Purple Gallinule)2
Sylvilagus audubonii (Desert Cottontail)1
Tayassu pecari (white-lipped peccary)1
Trichechus inunguis (Amazonian Manatee)4
Trichechus manatus (West Indian Manatee)1

Predators

Eunectes murinus (Anaconda, Green Anaconda)[4]
Panthera onca (Jaguar)[4]
Speothos venaticus (Bush Dog)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Capillaria hydrochoeri <Unverified Name>[6]
Cruorifilaria tuberocauda <Unverified Name>[6]
Dirofilaria acutiuscula <Unverified Name>[6]
Echinocoleus hydrochoeri <Unverified Name>[6]
Habronema clarki <Unverified Name>[6]
Hippocrepis hippocrepis <Unverified Name>[6]
Hydrochoerisnema anomalobursata <Unverified Name>[6]
Mansonella longicapitata <Unverified Name>[6]
Mansonella rotundicapitata <Unverified Name>[6]
Monoecocestus hagmanni <Unverified Name>[6]
Monoecocestus hydrochoeri <Unverified Name>[6]
Monoecocestus jacobi <Unverified Name>[6]
Monoecocestus macrobursatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Neocotyle neocotyle <Unverified Name>[6]
Nudacotyle tertius <Unverified Name>[6]
Nudacotyle valdevaginatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Protozoophaga obesa <Unverified Name>[6]
Rhopalopsyllus australis tamoyus[7]
Strongyloides chapini <Unverified Name>[6]
Taxorchis schistocotyle <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichostrongylus axei[6]
Vianella hydrochoeri <Unverified Name>[6]
Yatesia hydrochoerus <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
African Safari
Akron Zoological Park
Alameda Park Zoo
Albuquerque Biological Park
Alexandria Zoological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Amazon World
Apenheul Primate Park
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Ardastra Gardens & Conserv. Centre
Artis Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Audubon Zoo
Barranquilla Zoo
Beale Park
Bellewaerde Park
Bergen County Zoological Park
Biodome de Montreal
Blackpool Zoo
Bowmanville Zoological Park
Brandywine Zoo
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Brevard Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Buffalo Zoological Gardens
Burger's Zoo
Caldwell Zoo
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Cameron Park Zoo
Cape May County Park Zoo
Center for Conserv. of Trop. Ungulates
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
City of Belfast Zoo
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Copenhagen Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Dartmoor Zoological Park
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Dierenpark Wissel
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
Drusillas Zoo Park
DSI Givskud Zoo
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
El Paso Zoo
Exmoor Zoological Park
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Flamingo Land LTD
Folly Farm Leisure Ltd
Fota Wildlife Park
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Fundacion Zoologico Santacruz
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zoo
Galloway Wildlife Conservation Park
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Happy Hollow Zoo
Hattiesburg Zoo
Henry Vilas Zoo
Howletts Wild Animal Park
Inokashira Park Zoo
International Animal Exchange, Inc.
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
John Ball Zoological Garden
Kansas City Zoo
Kittenberger Zoo
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASA
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Marwell Wildlife
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Mesker Park Zoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Moscow Zoological Park
Museum de Besancon
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)
Noah's Ark Zoo Farm
North of England Zoological Society
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Ocean Park Corporation
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amiens
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parc Zoologique de Lille
Parc Zoologique de Paris (MNHN)
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna AB
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Parque Recreativo y Zool. Piscilago
Parque Zoologico Jaime Duque - Bogota
Parque Zoologico Santa Fe
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Planete Sauvage
Reaseheath College Animal Centre
Reid Park Zoo
Riga Zoo
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Safari de Peaugres
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Saitama Children's Zoo
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Zoo
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Scovill Zoo
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Silver Springs Park
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Skaerup Mini Zoo
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
Szeged Zoo
Terra Natura S.A.
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Thoiry Zoological Park
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Tierwelt Herberstein
Toronto Zoo
Touroparc
Trotter's World of Animals
Turtle Back Zoo
Twycross Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife Safari Inc
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Yorkshire Wildlife Park
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo des Sables d'Olonne
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo Melaka
Zoo Negara Malaysia
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo of Acadiana
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Parc Overloon
Zoo Safari Swierkocin
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Zürich
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Woods C.A., 19-Apr-2001, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2HABITOS DE DESPLAZAMIENTO Y DIETA DEL CAPIBARA (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) EN LA AMAZONIA COLOMBIANA, Maria C. Arteaga, Jeffrey P. Jorgenson, Mastozoología Neotropical, 14(1):11-17, Mendoza, 2007 3Feeding Habits of Capybaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris, Linnaeus 1766), in the Ecological Reserve of Taim (ESEC - Taim) - South of Brazil, Lucélia do Valle Borges and Ioni Gonçalves Colares, Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, Vol.50, n. 3 : pp.409-416 May 2007 4Animals of the Rainforest 53.10 Bush dog, Speothos venaticus, G.L. Zuercher, M. Swarner, L. Silveira and O. Carrillo, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp. 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 7International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011 Out of Africa Wildlife Park