Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Octodontidae > Octodon > Octodon degus
 

Octodon degus (Degus)

Wikipedia Abstract

The degu (Octodon degus, /ˈdeɪɡuː/) is a small caviomorph rodent endemic to the Chilean matorral ecoregion of central Chile. It is sometimes referred to as the brush-tailed rat, and is also called the common degu, to distinguish it from the other members of the genus Octodon. Other members are also called degus, but they are distinguished by additional names. The name "degu" on its own, however, indicates either the genus Octodon or, more usually, O. degus. Degus are in the parvorder Caviomorpha of the infraorder Hystricognathi, along with the chinchilla and guinea pig. The word degu comes from the Mapudungun dewü (mouse, rat).
View Wikipedia Record: Octodon degus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
8
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
34
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 18.06
EDGE Score: 2.95

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  235 grams
Birth Weight [1]  14 grams
Female Maturity [1]  6 months 2 days
Male Maturity [1]  6 months 2 days
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  20 %
Diet - Plants [2]  60 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  90 days
Litter Size [1]  6
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  14 years
Weaning [1]  36 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Chilean matorral Chile Neotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Parque Nacional Fray Jorge National Park II 22266 Coquimbo, Chile  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests Chile Yes

Prey / Diet

Cestrum parqui (Chilean jessamine)[3]
Erodium cicutarium (redstem)[3]
Proustia cuneifolia[3]
Vachellia caven (Roman-cassie)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Diuca diuca (Common Diuca Finch)1
Eudromia elegans (Elegant Crested Tinamou)1
Mimus thenca (Chilean Mockingbird)1
Phrygilus fruticeti (Mourning Sierra Finch)1
Phrygilus gayi (Grey-hooded Sierra Finch)1
Phytotoma rara (Rufous-tailed Plantcutter)1
Zonotrichia capensis (Rufous-collared Sparrow)1

Predators

Asio flammeus (Short-eared Owl)[3]
Athene cunicularia (Burrowing Owl)[4]
Buteo polyosoma (Variable Hawk)[4]
Dusicyon culpaeus[4]
Dusicyon griseus[4]
Elanus leucurus (White-tailed Kite)[4]
Falco sparverius (American Kestrel)[4]
Galictis cuja (Lesser Grison)[5]
Geranoaetus melanoleucus (Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle)[4]
Parabuteo unicinctus (Harris's Hawk)[4]
Philodryas chamissonis (Chilean Green Racer)[4]
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Aprostatandrya octodonensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Delostichus coxalis[7]
Delostichus smiti[7]
Ectinorus chilensis[7]
Ectinorus cocyti[7]
Graphidioides taglei <Unverified Name>[6]
Graphidioides yanezi <Unverified Name>[6]
Helminthoxys gigantea <Unverified Name>[6]
Longistriata degusi <Unverified Name>[6]
Neotyphloceras crassispina chilensis[7]
Octodonthoxys gigantea <Unverified Name>[6]
Plocopsylla reigi[7]
Plocopsylla wolffsohni[7]
Tetrapsyllus corfidii[7]
Trichuris bradleyi <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adventure Aquarium
Amazon World
Audubon Zoo
Binder Park Zoo
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park
Birmingham Nature Centre
Blaavand Zoo
Brandywine Zoo
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Colchester Zoo
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Dartmoor Zoological Park
Denver Zoological Gardens
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
Drusillas Zoo Park
Isle of Wight Zoo
Jackson Zoological Park
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Lakeland Wildlife Oasis
Longleat Safari Park
Marwell Wildlife
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Miller Park Zoo
Moscow Zoological Park
Moulton College
Munkholm Zoo (former Dyrenes Gard)
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Oregon Zoo
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Merveilleux
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Reaseheath College Animal Centre
Riga Zoo
Riverside Zoo
Rodbaston College
Roosevelt Park Zoo
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Saitama Children's Zoo
Scovill Zoo
Shuttleworth College Animal Centre
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Sofia Zoological Gardens
Tallinn Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Tilgate Nature Centre
Twycross Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Virginia Zoological Park
Walford & North Shropshire College
Welsh Mountain Zoo
Wildlife World Zoo
Wilhelma Zoo
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoological Garden of Polish Fauna
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
ZooMontana

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Octodon degus, Charles A. Woods and David K. Boraker, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 67, pp. 1-5 (1975)
4Predation upon small mammals in shrublands and grasslands of southern South America: ecological correlates and presumable consequences, Fabian M. Jaksic, Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 59: 209-221 (1986)
5Galictis cuja, Eric Yensen and Teresa Tarifa, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 728, pp. 1–8 (2003)
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
7International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access