Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Proboscidea > Elephantidae > Loxodonta > Loxodonta africana
 

Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant; African savannah elephant; African elephant)

Wikipedia Abstract

The African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana) is the larger of the two species of African elephant.Both it and the African forest elephant have usually been classified as a single species, known simply as the African elephant, but recent evidence has seen the forest elephant classified as a distinct species (although this status is not conclusively accepted due to a gradual reduction in elephant size between savanna and forest environments).
View Wikipedia Record: Loxodonta africana

EDGE Analysis

The African elephant is extremely intelligent, highly adaptable, and exhibits a remarkable degree of social cohesion manifested in very strong and long-lasting social ties. Populations in North Africa were the source of war elephants for the ancient Carthaginians, Romans and Ethiopians, and in many African cultures the elephant is a symbol of strength and power, holding a special place in traditional beliefs. The elephant is also an important “keystone” species, playing a key role throughout the savannah and tropical forest zones it inhabits. It is threatened by habitat loss, illegal hunting for its ivory, and deliberate persecution by the people it comes into conflict with.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
19
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
55
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 37.45
EDGE Score: 4.34
View EDGE Record: Loxodonta africana

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  4.45 tons (4,035.00 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  231.49 lbs (105.00 kg)
Female Weight [1]  2.97 tons (2,696.00 kg)
Male Weight [1]  5.92 tons (5,374.00 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  99.3 %
Female Maturity [2]  11 years
Male Maturity [2]  10 years
Diet [3]  Herbivore
Gestation [2]  1 year 10 months
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  0
Maximum Longevity [2]  65 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Speed [4]  13.20 MPH (5.9 m/s)
Weaning [2]  2 years 11 months

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East African montane moorlands Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East Saharan montane xeric woodlands Chad, Sudan Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eritrean coastal desert Eritrea Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Hobyo grasslands and shrublands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namib desert Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Niger Delta swamp forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rwenzori-Virunga montane moorlands Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Saharan halophytics Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali montane xeric woodlands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tibesti-Jebel Uweinat montane xeric woodlands Chad, Libya Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Saharan montane xeric woodlands Algeria, Niger, Mali, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Addo Elephant National Park II 348463 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Basse-Lobaye Forest Biosphere Reserve 44196 Central African Republic  
Bia National Park II 76804 Ghana    
Delta du Saloum National Park II 179029 Senegal  
Dinder National Park II 2088300 Sudan  
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Foret Classee de la Mare Aux Hippopotames Bird Reserve IV 37906 Burkina Faso  
Itala Game Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve II 72822 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Kiunga Marine National Reserve VI 60208 Kenya  
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Lake Manyara National Park II 78767 Tanzania  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Mamili National Park II 83904 Namibia  
Mkhaya Game Reserve   Swaziland  
Moremi Game Reserve IV 1214686 Botswana  
Mount Elgon National Park II 276135 Uganda
Mount Kenya Biosphere Reserve II 146694 Kenya
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
Omo Strict Natural Reserve Forest Reserve 328086 Nigeria  
Parc National d'Odzala National Park II 3423581 Congo  
Parc National de la Benoue National Park II 414262 Cameroon  
Parc National de la Boucle du Baoule National Park II 977883 Mali  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de Tai National Park II 1085310 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de Waza National Park II 349858 Cameroon  
Parc National des Volcans National Park II 45380 Rwanda  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Radom National Park II   Sudan  
Reserve de la Biosphere de Dimonika Biosphere Reserve   Congo      
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  
Reserve Floristique de Yangambi Strict Nature Reserve Ia 183742 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Reserve Forestiere de Luki Forest Reserve 77365 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Reserve Forestiere et de Faune du Dja Wildlife Reserve IV 1551322 Cameroon  
Salonga National Park II 8300948 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Skeleton Coast Game Park II 4168395 Namibia  
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Takamanda National Park II 167041 Cameroon  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Vallee de la Lufira Biosphere Reserve 36324 Democratic Republic of the Congo  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No

Emblem of

Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)

Prey / Diet

Adansonia digitata (baobab)[5]
Aloe barberae (Tree aloe)[6]
Annona glabra (pond apple)[5]
Baillonella toxisperma (djave)[5]
Borassus aethiopum (palmyra palm)[5]
Borassus flabellifer (toddy palm)[7]
Bridelia micrantha (Coastal Golden-leaf)[6]
Caloncoba glauca[5]
Canarium schweinfurthii (Schweinfurth's olive)[5]
Capparis tomentosa (Woolly Caper Bush)[6]
Casearia barteri[5]
Chrysobalanus icaco (coco plum)[5]
Commiphora ugogensis[7]
Coula edulis[5]
Diospyros abyssinica[5]
Erythroxylum mannii[5]
Ficus craterostoma (Strangler fig)[8]
Ficus lutea (West African rubbertree)[8]
Ficus mucuso[8]
Ficus natalensis (Natal Fig)[8]
Ficus recurvata[8]
Ficus sycomorus (sycamore fig)[6]
Ficus wildemaniana[8]
Grewia laevigata[5]
Grewia pachycalyx[7]
Hexalobus crispiflorus[5]
Hyperthelia dissoluta[6]
Irvingia gabonensis (Bush mango)[5]
Klainedoxa gabonensis[5]
Landolphia mannii (Mann's landolphia)[5]
Mangifera indica (mango)[5]
Manilkara obovata[5]
Massularia acuminata[5]
Myrianthus arboreus[5]
Panda oleosa[5]
Parinari capensis[6]
Pentadesma butyracea (butter tree)[5]
Phoenix reclinata (Senegal date palm)[5]
Phragmites australis (common reed)[6]
Psydrax subcordata[5]
Ricinodendron heudelotii[5]
Rothmannia macrocarpa[5]
Sacoglottis gabonensis[5]
Sclerocarya birrea (marula)[6]
Scytopetalum pierreanum[5]
Senegalia kraussiana[6]
Sesuvium portulacastrum (shoreline seapurslane)[6]
Setaria incrassata[6]
Setaria megaphylla (bigleaf bristlegrass)[6]
Strychnos innocua[6]
Tamarindus indicus[7]
Terminalia argentea[6]
Uapaca guineensis[5]
Vachellia karroo (karroothorn)[9]
Vachellia nilotica (Gum Arabic Tree)[9]
Vachellia tortilis (umbrella thorn)[9]
Vachellia tortilis subsp. spirocarpa[7]
Vitex doniana[5]
Ziziphus mucronata (Buffalo Thorn)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aepyceros melampus (impala)1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)1
Andropadus importunus (Sombre Greenbul)1
Antidorcas marsupialis (springbok)1
Arizelocichla masukuensis (Shelley's Greenbul)1
Arizelocichla tephrolaema (Western Greenbul)1
Baeopogon indicator (Honeyguide Greenbul)1
Buccanodon duchaillui (Yellow-spotted Barbet)1
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)1
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)4
Bycanistes cylindricus (Brown-cheeked Hornbill)1
Bycanistes subcylindricus (Grey-cheeked Hornbill)1
Cephalophus adersi (Aders's duiker)1
Cephalophus natalensis (Natal duiker)6
Cephalophus silvicultor (yellow-backed duiker)1
Ceratogymna atrata (Black-casqued Wattled Hornbill)1
Cercocebus galeritus (Tana River mangabey)1
Cercopithecus ascanius (black-cheeked white-nosed monkey)1
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)3
Cercopithecus nictitans (white-nosed guenon)1
Chlorocebus aethiops (vervet monkey)1
Chlorocichla flaviventris (Yellow-bellied Greenbul)1
Chlorocichla laetissima (Joyful Greenbul)1
Cinnyricinclus leucogaster (Violet-backed Starling)1
Civettictis civetta (African Civet)2
Colobus guereza (Guereza)1
Columba arquatrix (African Olive Pigeon)1
Crithagra mozambica (Yellow-fronted Canary)1
Eidolon helvum (straw-colored fruit bat)3
Epomophorus gambianus (Gambian epauletted fruit bat)2
Epomophorus wahlbergi (Wahlberg's epauletted fruit bat)1
Erythrocebus patas (patas monkey)1
Eulemur fulvus (brown lemur)3
Eulemur macaco (black lemur)1
Eurillas latirostris (Yellow-whiskered Greenbul)1
Giraffa camelopardalis (giraffe)1
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)3
Gymnobucco bonapartei (Grey-throated Barbet)1
Heliosciurus rufobrachium (red-legged sun squirrel)1
Lemur catta (ring-tailed lemur)1
Lybius bidentatus (Double-toothed Barbet)1
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)2
Mandrillus leucophaeus (drill)3
Mandrillus sphinx (mandrill)4
Micropteropus pusillus (Peters's dwarf epauletted fruit bat)2
Musophaga rossae (Ross's Turaco)1
Myocastor coypus (nutria)1
Neotragus moschatus (suni)8
Nesocharis shelleyi (Shelley's Oliveback)1
Notopholia corrusca (Black-bellied Starling)3
Onychognathus walleri (Waller's Starling)1
Oriolus brachyrynchus (Western Oriole)1
Otolemur crassicaudatus (greater galago)3
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)4
Philantomba monticola (blue duiker)2
Phyllastrephus cabanisi (Cabanis's Greenbul)1
Phyllastrephus hypochloris (Toro Olive Greenbul)1
Piliocolobus badius (western red colobus)2
Ploceus bicolor (Dark-backed Weaver)1
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)2
Pteropus seychellensis (Seychelles flying fox)1
Pteropus voeltzkowi (Pemba flying fox)2
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)3
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)2
Stactolaema leucotis (White-eared Barbet)2
Stelgidillas gracilirostris (Slender-billed Greenbul)1
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)1
Sylvicapra grimmia (bush duiker)9
Tauraco porphyreolophus (Purple-crested Turaco)2
Taurotragus oryx (eland)2
Trachylaemus purpuratus (yellow-billed barbet)1
Tragelaphus eurycerus (bongo)1
Tragelaphus strepsiceros (greater kudu)2
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)5
Turdoides sharpei (Black-lored Babbler)1
Turdus pelios (African Thrush)1
Turtur tympanistria (Tambourine Dove)1
Varecia variegata (ruffed lemur)1
Zosterops pallidus (Cape White-eye)1
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)1

Predators

Homo sapiens (man)[9]
Panthera leo (Lion)[9]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Brumptia bicaudata[10]
Buxifrons buxifrons <Unverified Name>[10]
Cotylophoron cotylophorum <Unverified Name>[10]
Crossocephalus viviparus <Unverified Name>[10]
Cylicocyclus gyalocephaloides <Unverified Name>[10]
Cynodiplostomum namrui[10]
Dipetalonema loxodontis <Unverified Name>[10]
Filaria gossi <Unverified Name>[10]
Grammocephalus clathratus <Unverified Name>[10]
Leiperenia moreli <Unverified Name>[10]
Murshidia africana <Unverified Name>[10]
Murshidia linstowi <Unverified Name>[10]
Murshidia memphisia <Unverified Name>[10]
Parabronema africanum <Unverified Name>[10]
Parabronema rhodesiense <Unverified Name>[10]
Protofasciola robusta <Unverified Name>[10]
Quilonia africana <Unverified Name>[10]
Strongylus edentatus[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zooafricana
Barranquilla Zoo
Birmingham Zoo
Blair Drummond Safari Park
Boras Djurpark Zoo
 africana
Caldwell Zoo
 africana
Cameron Park Zoo
Canadian Zoological Systems Limitedknochenhaueri
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
 africana
Colchester Zoo
Dallas Zoo
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Disney's Animal Kingdom
 africana
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Giza Zoological Garden
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Greenville Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Howletts Wild Animal Park
 africana
 knochenhaueri
Indianapolis Zoo
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
 africana
 knochenhaueri
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zooafricana
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Kansas City Zoo
 africana
Knowsley Safari Park
 knochenhaueri
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Lee Richardson Zoo
 africana
Louisville Zoological Garden
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Miami Metrozoo
 africana
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
 knochenhaueri
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
 africana
Montgomery Zoo
Nagoya Higashiyama Zoo
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nashville Zoo at Grassmereafricana
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africaafricana
North Carolina Zoological Park
 africana
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFTknochenhaueri
Oakland Zoo
 africana
 knochenhaueri
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
 knochenhaueri
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Ouwehand Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Parc Safari / F.A.P.S.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
 africana
 knochenhaueri
Parque de la Naturaleza de Cabarceno
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
 africana
Planete Sauvage
Port Lympne Wild Animal Park
 knochenhaueri
Reid Park Zoo
Reserve Africaine de Sigean
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
 africana
 knochenhaueri
Roger Williams Park Zoo
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Safari de Peaugres
 africana
 knochenhaueri
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
San Diego Wild Animal Parkafricana
San Diego Zooafricana
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Sedgwick County Zooafricana
Seneca Park Zooafricana
Six Flags Discovery Kingdomafricana
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zooafricana
Tama Zoological Parkafricana
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
 africana
Thoiry Zoological Park
 africana
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Topeka Zoological Parkknochenhaueri
Toronto Zoo
Utah's Hogle Zooafricana
 knochenhaueri
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Virginia Zoological Park
 africana
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltd
Western Plains Zoo
Wildlife Safari Inc
 africana
Woodland Park Zoological Gardensknochenhaueri
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagrebknochenhaueri
Zoo Atlantaafricana
Zoo de La Flecheknochenhaueri
Zoo Dresden GmbHafricana
Zoo Duisburg AGafricana
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
 africana
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Parc de Beauval
 knochenhaueri
Zoobotanico de Jerezafricana
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Ganknochenhaueri
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Basel
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburgafricana
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal

Range Map

Africa; Takamanda Forest Reserve; Tsavo National Park;

Audio

Play / PauseVolume

Photos

Webcams


San Diego Zoo's Elephant Cam
Cam Time:
Hours: - ( - )

Toledo Zoo Elephant Cam
Cam Time:
Hours: - ( - )

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Loxodonta africana, Larry Laursen and Marc Bekoff, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 92, pp. –8 (1978) 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4The locomotor kinematics of Asian and African elephants: changes with speed and size, John R. Hutchinson, Delf Schwerda, Daniel J. Famini, Robert H. I. Dale, Martin S. Fischer and Rodger Kram, The Journal of Experimental Biology 209, 3812-3827 (2006) 5Forest elephant group composition, frugivory and coastal use in the Réserve de Faune du Petit Loango, Gabon, Bethan J. Morgan and P. C. Lee, African Journal of Ecology, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp. 519 - 526 6Diet and distribution of elephant in the Maputo Elephant Reserve, Mozambique, Willem F. De Boer, Cornelio P. Ntumi, Augusto U. Correia and Jorge M. Mafuca, Afr. J. Ecol., 38, 188-201 (2000) 7A RECORD OF FRUITS AND SEEDS DISPERSED BY MAMMALS AND BIRDS FROM SINGIDA DISTRICT OF TANGANYIKA TERRITORY, B. D. BURTT, Journal of Ecology Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 351-355 (1929) 8"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2