Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Gliridae > Glis > Glis glis
 

Glis glis (fat dormouse)

Synonyms: Glis esculentus; Glis glis abruttii; Glis glis minutus; Glis glis petruccii; Glis glis postus; Glis glis pyrenaicus; Glis glis spoliatus; Glis glis subalpinus; Glis glis tschetshenicus; Glis insularis; Glis italicus; Glis italicus intermedius; Glis melonii; Glis vulgaris; Myoxus avellanus; Myoxus giglis; Myoxus glis; Myoxus glis caspius; Myoxus glis orientalis; Sciurus glis; Sciurus persicus

Wikipedia Abstract

The edible dormouse or fat dormouse (Glis glis) is a large dormouse and the only living species in the genus Glis, found in most of western Europe. Its name comes from the Romans, who ate them as a delicacy.
View Wikipedia Record: Glis glis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
19
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
45
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 38.15
EDGE Score: 3.67

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  125 grams
Birth Weight [1]  2 grams
Female Maturity [1]  10 months 22 days
Male Maturity [1]  11 months 5 days
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  60 %
Forages - Arboreal [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  25 days
Hibernates [3]  Yes
Litter Size [1]  4
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  9 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Weaning [1]  33 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kuh Rud and Eastern Iran montane woodlands Iran Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
ALTO CINCA 36250 Spain  
ANTICHASIA ORI KAI METEORA 178032 Greece  
Adamello Presanella 69894 Italy  
Alpe di Storo e Bondone 1876 Italy  
Alpi Marittime 83205 Italy  
Alpi Veglia e Devero - Monte Giove 37357 Italy  
Alta Val Strona e Val Segnara 9934 Italy  
Alta Valsesia e Valli Otro, Vogna, Gronda, Artogna e Sorba 46789 Italy  
Alte Valli Pesio e Tanaro 27869 Italy  
Alto Garda Bresciano 53192 Italy  
Arcipelago delle Eolie - area marina e terrestre 98800 Italy    
Bassin du Ruisseau du Ru au Moulin (Bièvre; Gedinne; Vresse-sur-Semois) 1233 Belgium  
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Beskid Niski 375518 Poland  
Beskid Slaski 65261 Poland  
Beskid Zywiecki 87169 Poland  
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Bieszczady 275571 Poland  
Biotopo Vegetazione Steppica Sonnenberg 504 Italy  
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
Brenta 73487 Italy  
Börzsöny és Visegrádi-hegység 122999 Hungary  
COLLARADA - IBÓN DE IP 8523 Spain  
Canneti del Lago Maggiore 561 Italy  
Capanne di Marcarolo 23604 Italy  
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Crinale Pichea - Rocchetta 2493 Italy  
DYTIKES KAI VOREIOANATOLIKES AKTES ZAKYNTHOU 52928 Greece  
Dolina Pradnika 5387 Poland  
Dolinki Jurajskie 2191 Poland  
Dolomiti di Pietrapertosa 3244 Italy  
ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PRESPON 65762 Greece  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Fondo Toce 899 Italy  
Foresta Gallipoli - Cognato 10500 Italy  
Foresta del Cansiglio 12504 Italy  
Grigne 17695 Italy  
Góry Stolowe 48968 Poland  
KERKETIO OROS (KOZIAKAS) 124618 Greece  
Karkonosze National Park II 45907 Poland
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kopetdagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 125705 Turkmenistan  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
Laghi di Avigliana 1038 Italy  
Lagorai 114140 Italy  
Lame del Sesia e Isolone di Oldenico 2308 Italy  
Lasy Suchedniowskie 47249 Poland  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Masyw Chelmca 3540 Poland  
Masyw Slezy 12502 Poland  
Monte Rosa 21095 Italy  
Monte Vulture 4651 Italy  
Monti Nebrodi 173651 Italy  
Muldentäler oberhalb des Zusammenflusses 5686 Germany  
ORDESA Y MONTE PERDIDO 38568 Spain  
ORI KENTRIKIS EVVOIAS, PARAKTIA ZONI KAI NISIDES 97133 Greece  
OROS OLYMPOS 47295 Greece  
Oasi di Crava Morozzo 739 Italy  
Orsiera Rocciavré 27095 Italy  
Ostoja Gorczanska 44474 Poland  
Ostoja Olsztynsko-Mirowska 5463 Poland  
Ostoja Popradzka 143151 Poland  
Ostoja Przemyska 97994 Poland  
Ostoja nad Barycza 202692 Poland  
POSETS - MALADETA 82205 Spain  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parco Naturale Adamello 53676 Italy  
Parco Nazionale del Gran Paradiso 175751 Italy  
Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio National Park V 333737 Italy
Parco Regionale Campo dei Fiori 3207 Italy  
Parco Regionale Orobie Bergamasche 121015 Italy  
Parco Regionale Orobie Valtellinesi 56377 Italy  
Pasubio 4537 Italy  
Piccole Dolomiti 3037 Italy  
Pieniny 5773 Poland  
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve IV 12219 Moscow, Russia
Puszcza Bialowieska 156041 Poland  
Putnoki-dombság 17483 Hungary  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Reserve Srebarna Managed Reserve IV 2294 Bulgaria  
Rila 200269 Bulgaria  
Risaie della Lomellina 76457 Italy  
Rzeka Pasleka 20803 Poland  
Stawy Lezczok 1448 Poland  
Stelvio 39831 Italy  
Studenetz 69315 Bulgaria  
Tatra Mountains Biosphere Reserve 44247 Poland  
Trzciana 5648 Poland  
VIÑAMALA 62053 Spain  
VOUNA EVROU 104705 Greece  
Val Grande 29294 Italy  
Val Mastallone 4651 Italy  
Val Noana 1804 Italy  
Valle del Ticino 16302 Italy  
Valle dell'Inferno e Bandella 2207 Italy  
Wälder um Beverungen 2407 Germany  
Zámolyi-medence 6363 Hungary  
Östlicher Teutoburger Wald 13126 Germany  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Acer campestre (hedge maple)[4]
Carpinus betulus (European hornbeam)[3]
Cornus mas (Cornelian cherry)[3]
Corylus avellana (common filbert)[4]
Corylus maxima (giant filbert)[4]
Euonymus verrucosus[3]
Fagus sylvatica (European beech)[4]
Picea abies (Norway spruce)[4]
Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine)[4]
Quercus petraea (Sessile Oak)[4]
Quercus robur (Pedunculate Oak)[4]
Quercus rubra (Red Oak)[4]
Rubus fructicosus[4]
Sambucus nigra (European black elderberry)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)1
Acronicta aceris2
Agelastica alni (Alder Leaf Beetle)1
Agrochola macilenta (Yellow-line Quaker)2
Anobium punctatum (furniture beetle)1
Apis mellifera (honey bee)1
Apodemus flavicollis (Yellow-necked mouse)3
Apodemus sylvaticus (Old World wood and field mouse)3
Atractotomus magnicornis1
Atractotomus parvulus1
Bison bonasus (European bison)3
Blepharidopterus angulatus (Black-kneed Capsid)1
Camptozygum aequale2
Capreolus capreolus (western roe deer)2
Carduelis carduelis (European Goldfinch)1
Catocala sponsa (Dark Crimson Underwing)2
Certhia familiaris (Eurasian Treecreeper)1
Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)1
Chloris chloris (European Greenfinch)2
Coccothraustes coccothraustes (Hawfinch)3
Colocasia coryli (Nut-tree Tussock)5
Columba oenas (Stock Dove)2
Columba palumbus (Common Wood Pigeon)4
Compsidolon salicellum1
Conistra vaccinii (Chestnut)1
Cosmia trapezina (Dun-bar)5
Craniophora ligustri (Coronet)1
Cyanistes caeruleus (Blue Tit)1
Dama dama (fallow deer)1
Dendrocopos major (Great Spotted Woodpecker)1
Dichonia aprilina2
Dichrooscytus rufipennis1
Drepanothrips reuteri1
Elateroides dermestoides2
Erithacus rubecula (European Robin)1
Ernobius mollis (Pine bark anobiid)2
Ficedula hypoleuca (European Pied Flycatcher)1
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)2
Fringilla montifringilla (Brambling)1
Garrulus glandarius (Eurasian Jay)3
Gastrodes abietum (Spruce Cone Bug)1
Graellsia isabellae (Spanish Moon Moth)1
Harpocera thoracica1
Linaria cannabina (Common Linnet)1
Lophophanes cristatus (European Crested Tit)1
Loxia curvirostra (Red Crossbill)1
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)2
Lymantria monacha (Black Arches, Nun Moth)6
Malacocoris chlorizans1
Meles meles (European Badger)2
Mimas tiliae (Lime Hawk-moth)1
Myodes glareolus (Bank vole)1
Nucifraga caryocatactes (Spotted Nutcracker)1
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)1
Oxythrips ajugae1
Oxythrips quercicola1
Parus major (Great Tit)2
Periparus ater (Coal Tit)2
Phylus coryli1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Pissodes castaneus1
Poecile palustris (Marsh Tit)1
Polygonia c-album (Comma Butterfly)2
Prunella modularis (Dunnock)1
Psallus variabilis3
Ptilinus pectinicornis4
Ptilodon capucina (Coxcomb Prominent)5
Ptilodontella cucullina1
Pyrrhula pyrrhula (Eurasian Bullfinch)3
Rupicapra pyrenaica (Pyrenean chamoios)1
Sciurus vulgaris (Eurasian red squirrel)4
Silvanoprus fagi1
Sitta europaea (Eurasian Nuthatch)3
Spinus spinus (Eurasian Siskin)1
Stauropus fagi (Lobster Moth)3
Streptopelia decaocto (Eurasian Collared-Dove)1
Streptopelia turtur (European Turtle-Dove)1
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)2
Sus scrofa (wild boar)2
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)1
Sylvia borin (Garden Warbler)1
Sylvia curruca (Lesser Whitethroat)1
Tetrastes bonasia (Hazel Grouse)1
Thecla betulae (Brown Hairstreak)1
Thrips atratus1
Thrips major1
Thrips minutissimus1
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)1
Turdus philomelos (Song Thrush)1
Xanthia aurago (Barred Sallow)4

Predators

Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[3]
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)[3]
Athene noctua (Little Owl)[3]
Canis lupus (Wolf)[3]
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)[3]
Martes foina (Beech Marten)[5]
Martes martes (European Pine Marten)[3]
Rattus rattus (black rat)[3]
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)[3]
Sus scrofa (wild boar)[3]
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)[3]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[3]
Vipera berus (Adder, Northern Viper)[3]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[3]
Zamenis longissimus (Aesculapean Snake)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Armadolepis myoxi <Unverified Name>[7]
Armadolepis spasskyi <Unverified Name>[7]
Callopsylla saxatilis[8]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[8]
Ceratophyllus garei[8]
Ceratophyllus sciurorum sciurorum <Unverified Name>[8]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes graecus[8]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes impavidus[8]
Ctenophthalmus assimilis assimilis[8]
Ctenophthalmus nifetodes brelihi[8]
Ctenophthalmus nifetodes nifetodes[8]
Ctenophthalmus obtusus[8]
Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae[8]
Dicrocoelium lanceatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis diminuta <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis myoxi <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis sulcata <Unverified Name>[7]
Leptopsylla sciurobia[8]
Leptopsylla taschenbergi amitina[8]
Leptopsylla taschenbergi taschenbergi[8]
Longistriata elpatievskii <Unverified Name>[7]
Longistriata schulzi <Unverified Name>[7]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Myoxopsylla jordani[8]
Myoxopsylla laverani laverani[8]
Nosopsyllus fasciatus (northern rat flea)[8]
Orchopeas howardi howardi[8]
Paraheligmonina gracilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Pentadentoptera skrjabini <Unverified Name>[7]
Plagiorhynchus cylindraceus[7]
Strongylus myoxi <Unverified Name>[7]

Distribution

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China);

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Glis glis (Rodentia: Gliridae), BORIS KRYSTUFEK, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 42(865):195–206 (2010)
4Influences of the feeding ecology on body mass and possible implications for reproduction in the edible dormouse (Glis glis), Joanna Fietz, M. Pflug, W. Schlund, F. Tataruch, J Comp Physiol B (2005) 175: 45–55
5Dimitrios E. Bakaloudis, Christos G. Vlachos, Malamati A. Papakosta, Vasileios A. Bontzorlos, and Evangelos N. Chatzinikos, Diet Composition and Feeding Strategies of the Stone Marten (Martes foina) in a Typical Mediterranean Ecosystem The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2012, Article ID 163920, 11 pages, 2012
6Food habits of Zamenis longissimus (Laurenti, 1768) (Reptilia: Serpentes: Colubridae) in Bieszczady (south-eastern Poland), BARTŁOMIEJ NAJBAR, Vertebrate Zoology 57 (1) 2007, 73-77
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
8International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access