Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Muroidea > Muridae > Acomys > Acomys cahirinus
 

Acomys cahirinus (Spiny mouse)

Synonyms: Acomys cahirinus; Acomys cahirinus helmyi; Acomys dimidiatus megalodus; Acomys hunteri; Acomys sabryi; Acomys viator

Wikipedia Abstract

The Cairo spiny mouse (Acomys cahirinus), also known as the common spiny mouse, Egyptian spiny mouse, or Arabian spiny mouse, is a nocturnal species of rodent in the family Muridae. It is found in Africa north of the Sahara, where its natural habitats are rocky areas and hot deserts. It is omnivorous and feeds on seeds, desert plants, snails, and insects. It is a gregarious animal and lives in small family groups.
View Wikipedia Record: Acomys cahirinus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
12
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.7
EDGE Score: 1.55

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  45 grams
Birth Weight [1]  5 grams
Female Maturity [1]  58 days
Male Maturity [1]  59 days
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Vertebrates), Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  70 %
Diet - Vertibrates [2]  30 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  38 days
Litter Size [1]  3
Litters / Year [1]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  6 years
Weaning [1]  14 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Al Hajar montane woodlands Oman Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic coastal desert Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Jos Plateau forest-grassland mosaic Nigeria Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kuh Rud and Eastern Iran montane woodlands Iran Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Red Sea coastal desert Egypt, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tibesti-Jebel Uweinat montane xeric woodlands Chad, Libya Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
West Saharan montane xeric woodlands Algeria, Niger, Mali, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Mujib Nature Reserve Wildlife Reserve IV   Jordan
Nechisar National Park II 256137 Ethiopia  
Wadi Rum Protected Area National Park V   Jordan  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Predators

Strix butleri (Hume's Owl)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Aspiculuris africana <Unverified Name>[4]
Ctenocephalides arabicus[5]
Ctenocephalides felis felis[5]
Ctenophthalmus calceatus cabirus[5]
Dentostomella kuntzi <Unverified Name>[4]
Dinopsyllus lypusus[5]
Echinococcus multilocularis[4]
Leptopsylla segnis (European mouse flea)[5]
Mastophorus muris[4]
Nosopsyllus geneatus[5]
Nosopsyllus henleyi henleyi[5]
Nosopsyllus iranus theodori[5]
Nosopsyllus londiniensis londiniensis[5]
Nosopsyllus sincerus[5]
Parapulex chephrenis[5]
Protospirura muricola <Unverified Name>[4]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[5]
Rodentolepis negevi <Unverified Name>[4]
Stenoponia tripectinata spinellosa[5]
Stenoponia tripectinata tripectinata[5]
Streptopharagus kuntzi <Unverified Name>[4]
Synosternus cleopatrae cleopatrae[5]
Syphacia minuta <Unverified Name>[4]
Taenia taeniaeformis <Unverified Name>[4]
Xenopsylla acomydis[5]
Xenopsylla astia[5]
Xenopsylla cheopis (oriental rat flea)[5]
Xenopsylla conformis mycerini[5]
Xenopsylla nubica[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium du Quebecdimidiatus
Birmingham Nature Centre
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Societydimidiatus
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Gardendimidiatus
Camperdown Wildlife Centre
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Disney's Animal Kingdom
 dimidiatus
Kyiv Zoological Park
Lakeland Wildlife Oasis
Louisville Zoological Gardendimidiatus
Magnetic Hill Zooalbigena
Marwell Wildlifedimidiatus
Miller Park Zoo
Moscow Zoological Park
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniudimidiatus
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoodimidiatus
Oregon Zoodimidiatus
Ouwehand Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Parkdimidiatus
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Riverside Zoo
Rodbaston Collegecahirinus
 dimidiatus
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Saitama Children's Zoo
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Shaldon Wildlife Trust
Shepreth Wildlife Parkdimidiatus
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbHcahirinus
Topeka Zoological Parkdimidiatus
Toronto Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Utica Zoo
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Walford & North Shropshire College
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wilhelma Zoo
Zoo Dresden GmbHdimidiatus
Zoo Hannover GmbHhunteri
Zoological Garden Praguecahirinus
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenalbigena
 cahirinus
 hunteri
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Leipzigcahirinus

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Diet of the Omani Owl, Strix butleri, near Nakhal, Oman. Zool. Middle East 62(1): 17–20.
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
5International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access