Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Muroidea > Muridae > Apodemus > Apodemus sylvaticus

Apodemus sylvaticus (Old World wood and field mouse)

Synonyms: Apodemus fridariensis grantii; Apodemus fridariensis thuleo; Apodemus hebridensis cumbrae; Apodemus hebridensis fiolagan; Apodemus hebridensis ghia; Apodemus hebridensis hamiltoni; Apodemus hebridensis larus; Apodemus hebridensis maclean; Apodemus hebridensis nesiticus; Apodemus hebridensis tirae; Apodemus hebridensis tural; Apodemus sylvaticus butei; Apodemus sylvaticus creticus; Apodemus sylvaticus grandiculus; Apodemus sylvaticus maximus; Apodemus sylvaticus spadix; Micromys sylvaticus callipides; Mus algirus; Mus chamaeropsis; Mus hayi; Mus hebridensis; Mus hirtensis; Mus intermedius; Mus islandicus; Mus pecchioli; Mus reboudia; Mus sylvaticus albus; Mus sylvaticus alpinus; Mus sylvaticus bergensis; Mus sylvaticus candidus; Mus sylvaticus celticus; Mus sylvaticus flavobrunneus; Mus sylvaticus fridariensis; Mus sylvaticus griseus; Mus sylvaticus isabellinus; Mus sylvaticus leucocephalus; Mus sylvaticus niger; Mus sylvaticus parvus; Mus sylvaticus varius; Musculus dichrurus; Sylvaemus sylvaticus flaviventris

Wikipedia Abstract

The wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) is a common murid rodent from Europe and northwestern Africa. It is closely related to the yellow-necked mouse (Apodemus flavicollis) but differs in that it has no band of yellow fur around the neck, has slightly smaller ears, and is usually slightly smaller overall: around 90 mm (3.54") in length. It is found across most of Europe and is a very common and widespread species, is commensal with people and is sometimes considered a pest.
View Wikipedia Record: Apodemus sylvaticus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.6
EDGE Score: 1.53


Adult Weight [1]  23 grams
Birth Weight [1]  2 grams
Female Maturity [1]  71 days
Male Maturity [1]  65 days
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Diet - Plants [2]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  23 days
Litter Size [1]  5
Litters / Year [1]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  6 years
Weaning [1]  21 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Corsican montane broadleaf and mixed forests France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Crete Mediterranean forests Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean High Atlas juniper steppe Morocco Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Bayerischer Wald National Park II 59790 Germany
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Border Mires, Kielder – Butterburn 29286 England, United Kingdom
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
Cadair Idris 9353 Wales, United Kingdom
Calamocarro-Benzú 1487 Spain  
Cap Enderrocat-cap Blanc 17495 Spain  
Cap de cala Figuera 1960 Spain  
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Cors Caron 2130 Wales, United Kingdom
Costa Brava de Mallorca 20708 Spain    
Craven Limestone Complex 13166 England, United Kingdom
D'Addaia a s'Albufera 6941 Spain  
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Dungeness 7966 England, United Kingdom
East Devon Pebblebed Heaths 2767 England, United Kingdom
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Epping Forest 3966 England, United Kingdom  
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Fenland 1529 England, United Kingdom
Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary 38085 Scotland, United Kingdom
Gorge of Samaria National Park II 21954 Crete, Greece  
Great Himalayan National Park II 184040 Himachal Pradesh, India
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Karadagskiy Zapovednik Nature Zapovednik 13876 Ukraine  
Karkonosze National Park II 45907 Poland
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Kinloch and Kyleakin Hills 13015 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Kopetdagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 125705 Turkmenistan  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
La Mola i s'Albufera de Fornells 3747 Spain    
Lake District High Fells 66717 England, United Kingdom
Lower Derwent Valley 2263 England, United Kingdom
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Minsmere to Walberswick Heaths and Marshes 3127 England, United Kingdom
Monach Islands 9011 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Monte Paratiello 2790 Italy  
Moor House-Upper Teesdale Biosphere Reserve 18254 England, United Kingdom
Mordovsky Zapovednik Ia 79439 Mordovia, Russia
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North Northumberland Dunes 2836 England, United Kingdom  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Peak District Dales 5748 England, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Po da Albaredo Arnaboldi ad Arena Po 2241 Italy  
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve IV 12219 Moscow, Russia
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Nevada Biosphere Reserve 424147 Spain  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Reserve Nationale de Camargue Biosphere Reserve 32232 France  
Reserve Srebarna Managed Reserve IV 2294 Bulgaria  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Riserva Regionale Lanca di Gerole 2916 Italy  
River Tay 23469 Scotland, United Kingdom
Ronas Hill – North Roe 12110 Scotland, United Kingdom  
S'Albufera de Mallorca 5276 Spain    
S'Albufera des Grau 6293 Spain  
SIERRA NORTE 438558 Spain  
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Saltfleetby–Theddlethorpe Dunes and Gibraltar Point 2373 England, United Kingdom  
Sands of Forvie 1814 Scotland, United Kingdom
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
St Kilda 62932 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Strensall Common 1408 England, United Kingdom  
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
Syunt-Khasardagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 105306 Turkmenistan  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
The Lizard 8048 England, United Kingdom    
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tulach Hill and Glen Fender Meadows 3912 Scotland, United Kingdom
Valle dell'Inferno e Bandella 2207 Italy  
Vessertal-Thuringian Forest Biosphere Reserve 42250 Germany  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  


Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Castanea sativa (European chestnut)[3]
Corylus avellana (common filbert)[3]
Fagus sylvatica (European beech)[3]
Lasius niger (Black garden ant)[3]
Picea abies (Norway spruce)[3]
Prunus mahaleb (St Lucie cherry)[4]
Viburnum opulus (European cranberrybush)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Abraxas sylvata (Clouded Magpie)2
Acronicta alni (Alder Moth)2
Alebra wahlbergi2
Apocheima hispidaria2
Apodemus flavicollis (Yellow-necked mouse)4
Apoderus coryli2
Arboridia ribauti2
Atolmis rubricollis (Red-necked Footman Moth)2
Attelabus nitens3
Biston betularia (peppered moth)2
Byctiscus betulae (Hazel Leaf Roller)2
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (Carnation Tortrix)2
Calliteara pudibunda (Pale Tussock)2
Campaea margaritata (Light Emerald Moth)3
Carcina quercana2
Carduelis carduelis (European Goldfinch)2
Chloris chloris (European Greenfinch)3
Coccothraustes coccothraustes (Hawfinch)2
Coleophora anatipennella2
Colocasia coryli (Nut-tree Tussock)2
Columba palumbus (Common Wood Pigeon)3
Cosmia trapezina (Dun-bar)2
Cydia fagiglandana (Beech Moth)2
Deileptenia ribeata (Satin Beauty Moth)2
Diurnea fagella2
Edwardsiana frustrator3
Edwardsiana rosae (Rose leafhopper)2
Eilema sororcula (Orange Footman)2
Erannis defoliaria (Mottled Umber Moth)2
Eupsilia transversa (Satellite)3
Fagocyba cruenta3
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)2
Garrulus glandarius (Eurasian Jay)4
Geometra papilionaria (Large Emerald)2
Glis glis (fat dormouse)3
Hydrelia sylvata (Waved Carpet)2
Jodis lactearia (Little Emerald)2
Lymantria monacha (Black Arches, Nun Moth)3
Noctua fimbriata (Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing)2
Odontopera bidentata (Scalloped Hazel)2
Operophtera brumata (winter moth)2
Pammene fasciana (Chestnut leafroller)2
Parus major (Great Tit)2
Periparus ater (Coal Tit)2
Phalera bucephala (Buff-tip)2
Pholiota squarrosa (Shaggy Scalycap)2
Phyllonorycter messaniella (Oak leafminer)2
Plagodis dolabraria (Scorched Wing)2
Platypus cylindrus2
Ptilodon capucina (Coxcomb Prominent)2
Pyrrhula pyrrhula (Eurasian Bullfinch)3
Recurvaria nanella2
Sciurus vulgaris (Eurasian red squirrel)3
Selenia tetralunaria (Purple Thorn)2
Sitta europaea (Eurasian Nuthatch)3
Spinus spinus (Eurasian Siskin)2
Stauropus fagi (Lobster Moth)2
Stenurella melanura2
Synanthedon vespiformis (Yellow-legged Clearwing)2
Tettigella alba2
Tortrix viridana (Green tortrix)3
Trisateles emortualis (Olive Crescent)2
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)2
Xyleborus dispar2
Zeuzera pyrina (leopard moth)2


Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)[3]
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)[6]
Buteo buteo (Common Buzzard)[3]
Coronella austriaca (Smooth Snake)[7]
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)[3]
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)[3]
Genetta genetta (Common Genet)[8]
Gypaetus barbatus (Bearded Vulture)[9]
Hemorrhois hippocrepis (Horseshoe Snake)[10]
Lanius collurio (Red-backed Shrike)[3]
Mustela erminea (Ermine)[3]
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)[3]
Natrix natrix (European Grass Snake)[11]
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)[3]
Vipera latastei (Lataste’s Viper)[12]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[3]
Zamenis scalaris (Ladder Snakes)[13]


Parasitized by 
Acropsylla episema girshami <Unverified Name>[14]
Alaria alata <Unverified Name>[15]
Alveococcus multilocularis <Unverified Name>[15]
Amalaraeus penicilliger[16]
Amalaraeus penicilliger mustelae[14]
Amphalius manosus[14]
Amphalius spirataenius badongensis[14]
Amphipsylla anceps[14]
Amphipsylla dumalis[14]
Amphipsylla georgica[14]
Amphipsylla phaiomydis iskul[14]
Amphipsylla primaris mitis[14]
Amphipsylla qinghaiensis[14]
Amphipsylla rossica[14]
Amphipsylla transcaucasica[14]
Amphipsylla tuta tuta[14]
Anoplocephaloides arfaai <Unverified Name>[15]
Aonchotheca annulosa <Unverified Name>[15]
Aonchotheca murissylvatici <Unverified Name>[15]
Aprostatandrya macrocephala <Unverified Name>[15]
Armocapillaria sadovskoi <Unverified Name>[15]
Ascaris brevispiculum <Unverified Name>[15]
Aspiculuris aserbaidjanica <Unverified Name>[15]
Aspiculuris kazakstanica <Unverified Name>[15]
Aspiculuris schulzi <Unverified Name>[15]
Aspiculuris tetraptera <Unverified Name>[15]
Atyphloceras nuperus[14]
Atyphloceras shogakii[14]
Brachylaima aequans <Unverified Name>[15]
Brachylaima apodaemi <Unverified Name>[15]
Brachylaima mascomai <Unverified Name>[15]
Brachylaima recurva <Unverified Name>[15]
Brachylaima spinulosus <Unverified Name>[15]
Callopsylla caspia caspia[14]
Callopsylla caspia fragilis[14]
Callopsylla caspia gaiskii[14]
Callopsylla kazbegiensis[14]
Callopsylla mygala[14]
Calodium hepaticum <Unverified Name>[15]
Capillaria annulosa <Unverified Name>[15]
Capillaria bacillata <Unverified Name>[15]
Capillaria hepatica[15]
Capillaria murissylvatici <Unverified Name>[15]
Catenotaenia cricetorum <Unverified Name>[15]
Catenotaenia dendritica <Unverified Name>[15]
Catenotaenia kirgizica <Unverified Name>[15]
Catenotaenia lobata <Unverified Name>[15]
Catenotaenia matovi <Unverified Name>[15]
Catenotaenia pusilla <Unverified Name>[15]
Ceratophyllus rusticus[14]
Ceratophyllus sciurorum sciurorum <Unverified Name>[14]
Ceratophyllus vagabundus insularis[14]
Citellophilus altaicus[14]
Citellophilus martinoi martinoi[14]
Citellophilus simplex simplex[14]
Citellophilus tesquorum[16]
Cladotaenia circi <Unverified Name>[15]
Cladotaenia globifera[15]
Collyricloides massanae <Unverified Name>[15]
Corrigia muris <Unverified Name>[15]
Corrigia vitta <Unverified Name>[15]
Ctenophthalmus acuminatus[14]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes agyrtes[14]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes bosnicus[14]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes eurous[14]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes fennicus[14]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes graecus[14]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes impavidus[14]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes kleinschmidtianus[14]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes ohridanus[14]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes pelikani[14]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes peusianus[14]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes provincialis[14]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes romanicus[14]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes rugosus[14]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes sardiniensis[14]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes serbicus[14]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes smitianus[14]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes verbanus[14]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes wagnerianus[14]
Ctenophthalmus andorrensis andorrensis[14]
Ctenophthalmus andorrensis catalaniensis[14]
Ctenophthalmus apertus allani[14]
Ctenophthalmus apertus apertus[14]
Ctenophthalmus apertus azevedoi[14]
Ctenophthalmus apertus gilcolladoi[14]
Ctenophthalmus apertus meylani[14]
Ctenophthalmus apertus queirozi[14]
Ctenophthalmus aprojectus[14]
Ctenophthalmus arvalis[14]
Ctenophthalmus assimilis assimilis[14]
Ctenophthalmus baeticus arvernus[14]
Ctenophthalmus baeticus baeticus[14]
Ctenophthalmus baeticus boisseauorum[14]
Ctenophthalmus bifidatus mancus[14]
Ctenophthalmus bisoctodentatus bisoctodentatus[14]
Ctenophthalmus bisoctodentatus heselhausi[14]
Ctenophthalmus bogatschevi bogatschevi[14]
Ctenophthalmus bogatschevi tatianae[14]
Ctenophthalmus capriciosus bychowskyi[14]
Ctenophthalmus congener congener[14]
Ctenophthalmus congener geminus[14]
Ctenophthalmus congener italoscopus[14]
Ctenophthalmus congener vicarius[14]
Ctenophthalmus congeneroides[14]
Ctenophthalmus fransmiti[14]
Ctenophthalmus gansuensis[14]
Ctenophthalmus hypanis hypanis[14]
Ctenophthalmus intermedius[14]
Ctenophthalmus iranus iranus[14]
Ctenophthalmus lewisi[14]
Ctenophthalmus nobilis[16]
Ctenophthalmus nobilis dobyi[14]
Ctenophthalmus nobilis nobilis[14]
Ctenophthalmus nobilis vulgaris[14]
Ctenophthalmus parcus[14]
Ctenophthalmus parvus[14]
Ctenophthalmus pisticus pacificus[14]
Ctenophthalmus pisticus pisticus[14]
Ctenophthalmus proboscis[14]
Ctenophthalmus proximus[14]
Ctenophthalmus rettigi rettigi[14]
Ctenophthalmus rettigi smiti[14]
Ctenophthalmus russulae[14]
Ctenophthalmus russulae galloibericus[14]
Ctenophthalmus russulae russulae[14]
Ctenophthalmus russulae tangerensis[14]
Ctenophthalmus secundus asiaticus[14]
Ctenophthalmus secundus thracius[14]
Ctenophthalmus shovi[14]
Ctenophthalmus solutus siculus[14]
Ctenophthalmus solutus solutus[14]
Ctenophthalmus teres[14]
Ctenophthalmus uncinatus koshanini[14]
Ctenophthalmus uncinatus uncinatus[14]
Ctenophthalmus wagneri schuriscus[14]
Ctenophthalmus wladimiri[14]
Ctenophthalmus yunnanus[14]
Dasypsyllus gallinulae[14]
Dicrocoelium dendriticum (Lancet liver fluke)[15]
Doratopsylla dampfi dampfi[14]
Doratopsylla dasycnema[16]
Doratopsylla dasycnema cuspis[14]
Doratopsylla dasycnema dasycnema[14]
Doratopsylla dasycnema giloti[14]
Echidnophaga murina[14]
Echinococcus multilocularis[15]
Eucoleus bacillatus <Unverified Name>[15]
Eucoleus gastricus <Unverified Name>[15]
Euparyphium melis <Unverified Name>[15]
Frontopsylla ambigua[14]
Frontopsylla diqiengensis[14]
Frontopsylla elata elata[14]
Frontopsylla elata glabra[14]
Frontopsylla elata humida[14]
Frontopsylla elata koksu[14]
Frontopsylla elata pilosa[14]
Frontopsylla elata popovi[14]
Frontopsylla exilidigita tiebuensis[14]
Frontopsylla gurkha <Unverified Name>[14]
Frontopsylla megasinus megasinus[14]
Frontopsylla mutata[14]
Frontopsylla nakagawai taiwanensis[14]
Frontopsylla ornata[14]
Frontopsylla spadix borealosichuana[14]
Frontopsylla spadix shennongjiaensis[14]
Frontopsylla spadix spadix[14]
Frontopsylla tomentosa[14]
Gallegoides arfaai <Unverified Name>[15]
Ganguleterakis spumosa <Unverified Name>[15]
Geusibia hemisphaera[14]
Geusibia stenosinuata[14]
Gongylonema neoplasticum <Unverified Name>[15]
Gongylonema problematicum <Unverified Name>[15]
Heligmosomoides laevis <Unverified Name>[15]
Heligmosomoides polygyrus[15]
Heligmosomoides ryjikovi <Unverified Name>[15]
Heligmosomum costellatum <Unverified Name>[15]
Heligmosomum mixtum <Unverified Name>[15]
Heligmosomum skrjabini <Unverified Name>[15]
Hepaticola hepatica <Unverified Name>[15]
Hydatigera parva <Unverified Name>[15]
Hydatigera taeniaeformis[15]
Hymenolepis diminuta <Unverified Name>[15]
Hymenolepis fraterna <Unverified Name>[15]
Hymenolepis hibernia <Unverified Name>[15]
Hymenolepis horrida[15]
Hymenolepis microstoma <Unverified Name>[15]
Hymenolepis murissylvatici <Unverified Name>[15]
Hymenolepis skrjabiniana <Unverified Name>[15]
Hymenolepis straminea <Unverified Name>[15]
Hystrichopsylla orientalis[14]
Hystrichopsylla rotundisinuata[14]
Hystrichopsylla satunini[14]
Hystrichopsylla talpae[16]
Hystrichopsylla talpae talpae[14]
Hystrichopsylla talpae transalpina[14]
Isthmiophora melis[15]
Joyeuxiella pasqualei[15]
Joyeuxiella rossicum <Unverified Name>[15]
Lentistivalius aestivalius[14]
Leptopsylla algira algira[14]
Leptopsylla algira popovi[14]
Leptopsylla algira tuggurtensis[14]
Leptopsylla nana[14]
Leptopsylla sciurobia[14]
Leptopsylla segnis (European mouse flea)[14]
Leptopsylla sexdentata[14]
Leptopsylla taschenbergi amitina[14]
Leptopsylla taschenbergi calamana[14]
Leptopsylla taschenbergi cressida[14]
Leptopsylla taschenbergi taschenbergi[14]
Lineolepis diminuta <Unverified Name>[15]
Longistriata seurati <Unverified Name>[15]
Lyperosomum armenicum <Unverified Name>[15]
Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus[15]
Macrostylophora aeretesites[14]
Macrostylophora euteles[14]
Macrostylophora microcopa[14]
Macyella apodemi <Unverified Name>[15]
Macyella vassilevi <Unverified Name>[15]
Maritrema apodemicum <Unverified Name>[15]
Mastophorus muris[15]
Mathevotaenia symmetrica <Unverified Name>[15]
Megabothris rectangulatus[14]
Megabothris turbidus[14]
Megabothris walkeri[14]
Mesocestoides leptothylacus <Unverified Name>[15]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[15]
Microphallus montanus <Unverified Name>[15]
Microsomacanthus crenata <Unverified Name>[15]
Microsomacanthus murissylvatici <Unverified Name>[15]
Moniliformis moniliformis[15]
Myoxopsylla jordani[14]
Myoxopsylla laverani laverani[14]
Nematospiroides dubius <Unverified Name>[15]
Neopsylla biseta[14]
Neopsylla clavelia[14]
Neopsylla hissarica[14]
Neopsylla mana[14]
Neopsylla pleskei ariana[14]
Neopsylla secura secura[14]
Neopsylla secura separata[14]
Neopsylla specialis dechingensis[14]
Neopsylla specialis minpiensis[14]
Neopsylla specialis sichuanxizangensis[14]
Neopsylla teratura[14]
Nippostrongylus brasiliensis[15]
Nosopsyllus abramovi[14]
Nosopsyllus barbarus[14]
Nosopsyllus consimilis[14]
Nosopsyllus durii[14]
Nosopsyllus fasciatus (northern rat flea)[14]
Nosopsyllus fidus[14]
Nosopsyllus henleyi mauritanicus[14]
Nosopsyllus laeviceps laeviceps[14]
Nosopsyllus mokrzeckyi[14]
Nosopsyllus oranus[14]
Notocotylus neyrai <Unverified Name>[15]
Ophthalmopsylla praefecta praefecta[14]
Orchopeas howardi howardi[14]
Oropsylla silantiewi[14]
Palaeopsylla gromovi[14]
Palaeopsylla minor[14]
Palaeopsylla obliqua[14]
Palaeopsylla soricis[16]
Palaeopsylla soricis soricis[14]
Palaeopsylla soricis starki[14]
Palaeopsylla soricis vesperis[14]
Palaeopsylla vartanovi[14]
Paradoxopsyllus aculeolatus[14]
Paradoxopsyllus naryni[14]
Paradoxopsyllus oribatus[14]
Paradoxopsyllus spinosus[14]
Paranoplocephala dentata <Unverified Name>[15]
Paranoplocephala omphalodes <Unverified Name>[15]
Passerilepis crenata[15]
Pectinoctenus lauta[14]
Pectinoctenus nemorosa[14]
Pectinoctenus pamirensis[14]
Pectinoctenus pectiniceps ventrisinulata[14]
Pelodera strongyloides[15]
Pentadentoptera skrjabini <Unverified Name>[15]
Peromyscopsylla bidentata bidentata[14]
Peromyscopsylla fallax[14]
Peromyscopsylla himalaica sichuanoyunnana[14]
Peromyscopsylla silvatica[14]
Peromyscopsylla spectabilis spectabilis[14]
Physocephalus sexalatus[15]
Plagiorchis arvicolae <Unverified Name>[15]
Plagiorchis elegans[15]
Plagiorchis longiuterus <Unverified Name>[15]
Plagiorchis maculosus <Unverified Name>[15]
Plagiorchis muris[15]
Plagiorchis talassensis <Unverified Name>[15]
Polyplax serrata[16]
Protospirura muris <Unverified Name>[15]
Pseudocatenotaenia matovi <Unverified Name>[15]
Pterygodermatites hispanica <Unverified Name>[15]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[14]
Rhadinopsylla alphabetica[14]
Rhadinopsylla altaica[14]
Rhadinopsylla beillardae[14]
Rhadinopsylla bivirgis[14]
Rhadinopsylla cedestis[14]
Rhadinopsylla dahurica dahurica[14]
Rhadinopsylla dahurica diclinica[14]
Rhadinopsylla eivissensis[14]
Rhadinopsylla integella[16]
Rhadinopsylla li murium[14]
Rhadinopsylla mesoides[14]
Rhadinopsylla pentacantha[14]
Rhadinopsylla semenovi[14]
Rhadinopsylla ucrainica[14]
Rictularia amurensis <Unverified Name>[15]
Rictularia caucasica <Unverified Name>[15]
Rictularia cristata <Unverified Name>[15]
Rictularia proni[15]
Rictularia volgensis <Unverified Name>[15]
Rodentolepis fraterna <Unverified Name>[15]
Rodentolepis microstoma <Unverified Name>[15]
Rodentolepis straminea[15]
Rodentotaenia bondarevae <Unverified Name>[15]
Scaphiostomum palaearcticum <Unverified Name>[15]
Skrjabinoplagiorchis polonicus <Unverified Name>[15]
Skrjabinoplagiorchis vigisi <Unverified Name>[15]
Skrjabinotaenia lobata <Unverified Name>[15]
Spuropsylla monoseta[14]
Staphylepis murissylvatici <Unverified Name>[15]
Staphylocystis murissylvatici <Unverified Name>[15]
Stenischia humilis[14]
Stenischia montanis[14]
Stenoponia ivanovi[14]
Stenoponia suknevi[14]
Stenoponia tokudai[14]
Stenoponia tripectinata tripectinata[14]
Strobilocercus fasciolaris <Unverified Name>[15]
Syphacia frederici <Unverified Name>[15]
Syphacia montana <Unverified Name>[15]
Syphacia obvelata[15]
Syphacia stroma <Unverified Name>[15]
Taenia crassiceps[15]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[15]
Taenia martis <Unverified Name>[15]
Taenia mustelae[15]
Taenia parva[15]
Taenia pisiformis[15]
Taenia polyacantha[15]
Taenia solium <Unverified Name>[15]
Taenia taeniaeformis <Unverified Name>[15]
Taenia tenuicollis <Unverified Name>[15]
Tetratirotaenia polyacantha <Unverified Name>[15]
Thominx gastrica <Unverified Name>[15]
Toxocara canis[15]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[15]
Trichocephalus carlieri <Unverified Name>[15]
Trichocephalus muris <Unverified Name>[15]
Trichostrongylus retortaeformis[15]
Trichuris muris <Unverified Name>[15]
Typhloceras favosum asunicum[14]
Typhloceras favosum benrachidi[14]
Typhloceras favosum favosum[14]
Typhloceras favosum rolandi[14]
Typhloceras poppei poppei[14]
Vampirolepis asymmetrica <Unverified Name>[15]
Vampirolepis nana <Unverified Name>[15]
Variolepis crenata <Unverified Name>[15]
Wagnerina schelkovnikovi[14]
Xenopsylla gerbilli minax[14]
Xenopsylla ramesis[14]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Birmingham Nature Centre
Saitama Children's Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Ecology of Commanster
4Prunus mahaleb and Birds: The High-Efficiency Seed Dispersal System of a Temperate Fruiting Tree, Carlos M. Herrera and Pedro Jordano, Ecological Monographs Vol. 51, No. 2 (Jun., 1981), pp. 203-218
5Birds and guelder rose Viburnum opulus: selective consumption and dispersal via regurgitation of small-sized fruits and seeds, Ángel Hernández, Plant Ecol (2009) 203:111–122
7Reproductive output, costs of reproduction, and ecology of the smooth snake, Coronella austriaca, in the eastern Italian Alps, L. Luiselli, M. Capula, R. Shine, Oecologia (1996) 106:100-110
8Genetta genetta, Serge Larivière and Javier Calzada, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 680, pp. 1–6 (2001)
9Assessing the diet of nestling Bearded Vultures: a comparison between direct observation methods, Antoni Margalida, Joan Bertran, and Jennifer Boudet, J. Field Ornithol. 76(1):40–45, 2005
10Body size, diet and reproductive ecology of Coluber hippocrepis in the Rif (Northern Morocco), Juan M. Pleguezuelos, Soumia Fahd, Amphibia-Reptilia 25: 287-302 (2004)
11The prey spectrum of Natrix natrix (LINNAEUS, 1758) and Natrix tessellata (LAURENTI, 1768) in sympatric populations (Squamata: Serpentes: Colubridae), ERNESTO FILIPPI & MASSIMO CAPULA & LUCA LUISELLI & UMBERTO AGRIMI, HERPETOZOA 8 (3/4): 155 -164 Wien, 30. Jänner 1996
12Prey availability drives geographic dietary differences of a Mediterranean predator, the Lataste’s viper (Vipera latastei), Xavier Santos, Juan M. Pleguezuelos, José C. Brito, Gustavo A. Llorente, Xavier Parellada & Soumia Fahd, HERPETOLOGICAL JOURNAL 18: 16–22, 2008
13Correlates between morphology, diet and foraging mode in the Ladder Snake Rhinechis scalaris (Schinz, 1822), Juan M. Pleguezuelos , Juan R. Fernández-Cardenete , Santiago Honrubia , Mónica Feriche , Carmen Villafranca, Contributions to Zoology, 76 (3) – 2007
14International Flea Database
15Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
16Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access