> Ambystoma granulosum
Ambystoma granulosum (Granular Salamander)
The Granular Salamander or Ajolote (Ambystoma granulosum) is a species of mole salamander in the Ambystomatidae family. It is found only in Mexico. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical high-altitude grassland, freshwater marshes, intermittent freshwater marshes, and ponds. It is threatened by habitat loss and overcropping along with the scaling of their skins.
The granular salamander, like many of its close relatives, is a metamorphosing species of mole salamander belonging to the genus Ambystoma. It inhabits the grasslands located in a small area on the north-western periphery of Toluca city in the central State of Mexico at 3,000m above sea level. The small number of species that represent the Ambystoma are highly evolutionarily distinct members of both the salamanders and the amphibians as a whole. Introduced predatory fish are a major threat to the granular salamander, but its habitat has also been heavily impacted due to extensive urban and agricultural expansion, which has led to the desiccation and pollution of its breeding habitat.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0)
Unique & Vulnerable (100)
Central Mexican matorral
Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites
Species recognized by , , in
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org
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Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation
. Science, 342, 803–805
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.