> Leiopelma archeyi
Leiopelma archeyi (Archey's Frog)
Archey's frog, Leiopelma archeyi, is an archaic, rare frog native to New Zealand, one of only three (or four) extant species belonging to the taxonomic family Leiopelmatidae. It is named after Sir Gilbert Archey, the former Director of the Auckland Institute. The holotype is held at the Auckland War Memorial Museum. It is found only in the Coromandel Peninsula and near Te Kuiti in the North Island of New Zealand.
Archeys frog is almost indistinguishable from the fossilised remains of frogs that lived 150 million years ago, leading to its description as a living fossil. One of the worlds most primitive frogs, it has bizarre features such as tail-wagging muscles (despite having no tail to wag) and no eardrums. It therefore does not communicate by sound, but is instead thought to employ scent. The male guards the eggs in moist nests and the tailed froglets that hatch out crawl onto the fathers back where they remain for several weeks whilst they develop. It is primarily threatened by a virulent fungal disease (chytridiomycosis), as well as introduced predators such as rats and mice.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0)
Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 85.93
EDGE Score: 7.24
|Top 100 Endangered  ||Yes|
Institutions (Zoos, etc.)
Attributes / relations provided by ♦ 1
Baillie, J.E.M. & Butcher, E. R. (2012) Priceless or Worthless? The world’s most threatened species.
Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom. ♦ 2Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey
, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177 ♦ 3
Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database
of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation
. Science, 342, 803–805