Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Ursidae > Ailuropoda > Ailuropoda melanoleuca

Ailuropoda melanoleuca (Giant Panda)

Synonyms: Ursus melanoleucus

Wikipedia Abstract

("Panda" redirects here. For other uses, see Panda (disambiguation).)("Panda bear" redirects here. For the musician, see Panda Bear (musician). For the album, see Panda Bear (album).)\n("The panda" redirects here. For the baseball player nicknamed "The Panda", see Pablo Sandoval.)\nThe giant panda lives in a few mountain ranges in central China, mainly in Sichuan province, but also in neighbouring Shaanxi and Gansu. As a result of farming, deforestation, and other development, the giant panda has been driven out of the lowland areas where it once lived.
View Wikipedia Record: Ailuropoda melanoleuca

EDGE Analysis

The giant panda is enormously charismatic, and is usually the 'main attraction' in zoos and other institutions where captive individuals are held. Sadly, this striking species has suffered greatly in the wild due to human encroachment onto its disappearing habitat. Pandas feed almost exclusively on bamboo, and need to eat vast quantities to meet their energy requirements. Despite extensive protective measures, pandas are being forced into smaller and increasingly isolated pockets of habitat where there is often insufficient bamboo to support the declining populations. Only a few thousand giant pandas survive in the wild.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 37.41
EDGE Score: 5.73
View EDGE Record: Ailuropoda melanoleuca


Adult Weight [1]  259.04 lbs (117.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  110 grams
Female Maturity [1]  6 years
Male Maturity [1]  6 years
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Vertebrates), Herbivore
Diet - Endothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Plants [2]  90 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Emoji [3]  panda face
Gestation [1]  48 days
Litter Size [1]  2
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  37 years
Nocturnal [4]  Yes
Weaning [1]  6 months 2 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries - Wolong, Mt Siguniang and Jiajin Mountains World Heritage Site 2284489 Sichuan, China  
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Bashania fargesii[5]
Fargesia qinlingensis[6]
Fargesia spathacea[5]


Homo sapiens (man)[7]


Parasitized by 
Ascaris schroederi <Unverified Name>[8]
Baylisascaris schroederi <Unverified Name>[8]
Chaetopsylla ailuropodae[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Ocean Park Corporation
San Diego Zoo
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo Atlanta

Range Map

Southern Asia;


Play / PauseVolume



San Diego Zoo's Pandacam
Cam Time:
Hours: - ( - )


Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Emoji by Twitter is licensed under CC BY 4.0
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
5The Giant Pandas of the Qinling Mountains, China: a Case Study in Designing Conservation Landscapes for Elevational Migrants, COLBY J. LOUCKS, LÜ ZHI, ERIC DINERSTEIN, WANG DAJUN, FU DALI, AND WANG HAO, Conservation Biology, Pages 558–565 Volume 17, No. 2, April 2003
6Clonal regeneration of an arrow bamboo, Fargesia qinlingensis, following giant panda herbivory, Wei Wang, Scott B. Franklin, John R. Ouellette, Plant Ecol (2007) 192:97–106
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
9International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2