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Ailuropoda melanoleuca (Giant Panda)

Wikipedia Abstract

The panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca, "black and white cat-foot"), also known as the giant panda to distinguish it from the unrelated red panda, is a bear native to central-western and south western China. It is easily recognized by the large, distinctive black patches around its eyes, over the ears, and across its round body. Though it belongs to the order Carnivora, the panda's diet is 99% bamboo.
View Wikipedia Record: Ailuropoda melanoleuca

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Ailuropoda melanoleuca

EDGE Analysis

The giant panda is enormously charismatic, and is usually the 'main attraction' in zoos and other institutions where captive individuals are held. Sadly, this striking species has suffered greatly in the wild due to human encroachment onto its disappearing habitat. Pandas feed almost exclusively on bamboo, and need to eat vast quantities to meet their energy requirements. Despite extensive protective measures, pandas are being forced into smaller and increasingly isolated pockets of habitat where there is often insufficient bamboo to support the declining populations. Only a few thousand giant pandas survive in the wild.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
19
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
77
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 37.41
EDGE Score: 5.73
View EDGE Record: Ailuropoda melanoleuca

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  259.04 lbs (117.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  110 grams
Female Maturity [1]  6 years
Male Maturity [1]  6 years
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Gestation [1]  48 days
Litter Size [1]  2
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  37 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  6 months 2 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries - Wolong, Mt Siguniang and Jiajin Mountains World Heritage Site 2284489 Sichuan, China  
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Emblem of

China

Prey / Diet

Arundinaria fargesii[3]
Fargesia qinlingensis[4]
Fargesia spathacea[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ascaris schroederi <Unverified Name>[5]
Baylisascaris schroederi <Unverified Name>[5]
Chaetopsylla ailuropodae[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Ocean Park Corporation
San Diego Zoo
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo Atlanta

Range Map

Link to Map
Southern Asia;

Audio

Play / PauseVolume

Photos

Webcams


San Diego Zoo's Pandacam
Cam Time:
Hours: - ( - )

Citations

Species recognized by Wozencraft W.C., 2007-08-15, in Catalog of Life 2011
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3The Giant Pandas of the Qinling Mountains, China: a Case Study in Designing Conservation Landscapes for Elevational Migrants, COLBY J. LOUCKS, LÜ ZHI, ERIC DINERSTEIN, WANG DAJUN, FU DALI, AND WANG HAO, Conservation Biology, Pages 558–565 Volume 17, No. 2, April 2003 4Clonal regeneration of an arrow bamboo, Fargesia qinlingensis, following giant panda herbivory, Wei Wang, Scott B. Franklin, John R. Ouellette, Plant Ecol (2007) 192:97–106 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 6International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2