Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Canidae > Vulpes > Vulpes corsac
 

Vulpes corsac (Corsac Fox)

Synonyms: Canis corsac

Wikipedia Abstract

The corsac fox (Vulpes corsac), also known simply as a corsac, is a medium-sized fox found in steppes, semi-deserts and deserts in Central Asia, ranging into Mongolia and northeastern China. Since 2004, it has been classified as least concern by IUCN, as populations fluctuate significantly, and numbers can drop tenfold within a single year.
View Wikipedia Record: Vulpes corsac

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
12
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.55
EDGE Score: 1.52

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  5.95 lbs (2.70 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  63 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 4 months
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Herbivore
Diet - Endothermic [2]  70 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Diet - Plants [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  53 days
Litter Size [1]  5
Litters / Year [3]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  13 years
Nocturnal [4]  Yes
Weaning [1]  28 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Afghan Mountains semi-desert Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
East Afghan montane conifer forests Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Ghorat-Hazarajat alpine meadow Afghanistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Hindu Kush alpine meadow Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kuh Rud and Eastern Iran montane woodlands Iran Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Paropamisus xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qaidam Basin semi-desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sulaiman Range alpine meadows Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Barsakel'messkiy Reserve State Nature Reserve Ia 51459 Kazakhstan  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Great Gobi National Park Ia 13211440 Mongolia  
Kaplankyr Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 1293994 Turkmenistan  
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kopetdagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 125705 Turkmenistan  
Repetek Biosphere Reserve 102089 Turkmenistan  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Syunt-Khasardagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 105306 Turkmenistan  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No

Prey / Diet

Allactaga major (Great jerboa)[3]
Arvicola amphibius (European water vole)[3]
Lagurus lagurus (steppe lemming)[3]
Lepus tolai (Tolai Hare)[3]
Marmota sibirica (Tarbagan marmot)[3]
Microtus gregalis (narrow-headed vole)[3]
Phodopus campbelli (Campbell's hamster)[5]
Rhombomys opimus (great gerbil)[3]
Spermophilus fulvus (yellow ground squirrel)[3]
Spermophilus pygmaeus (little ground squirrel)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aquila heliaca (Eastern Imperial Eagle)3
Aquila nipalensis (Steppe Eagle)1
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)1
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)1
Bubo bubo (Eurasian Eagle-Owl)1
Buteo buteo (Common Buzzard)1
Ciconia ciconia (White Stork)1
Circus macrourus (Pallid Harrier)1
Falco cherrug (Saker Falcon)1
Falco naumanni (Lesser Kestrel)1
Falco tinnunculus (Eurasian Kestrel)1
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)1
Milvus milvus (Red Kite)1
Mustela erminea (Ermine)1
Strix uralensis (Ural Owl)1
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)1

Predators

Canis lupus (Wolf)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Alaria alata <Unverified Name>[6]
Amphipsylla primaris mitis[7]
Ancylostoma caninum[6]
Archaeopsylla sinensis[7]
Callopsylla caspia gaiskii[7]
Chaetopsylla homoea[7]
Citellophilus sungaris sungaris[7]
Ctenocephalides canis (Dog flea)[7]
Ctenocephalides felis felis[7]
Ctenophthalmus arvalis[7]
Ctenophyllus subarmatus[7]
Echinococcus granulosus[6]
Echinococcus multilocularis[6]
Frontopsylla elata taishiri[7]
Frontopsylla luculenta[7]
Frontopsylla wagneri wagneri[7]
Joyeuxiella echinorhynchoides <Unverified Name>[6]
Joyeuxiella rossicum <Unverified Name>[6]
Macracanthorhynchus catulinus[6]
Megabothris calcarifer[7]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Neopsylla pleskei orientalis[7]
Ochotonobius hirticrus[7]
Oxynema numidica <Unverified Name>[6]
Paramonopsyllus scalonae[7]
Physaloptera praeputialis <Unverified Name>[6]
Physaloptera sibirica <Unverified Name>[6]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[7]
Rhadinopsylla dahurica dahurica[7]
Rhadinopsylla li transbaikalica[7]
Rhadinopsylla rothschildi[7]
Rictularia affinis <Unverified Name>[6]
Spirocerca vigisiana <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia crassiceps[6]
Taenia multiceps <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia polyacantha[6]
Tetratirotaenia polyacantha <Unverified Name>[6]
Toxascaris leonina[6]
Toxocara canis[6]
Toxocara mystax <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichinella nativa <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichinella pseudospiralis[6]
Uncinaria stenocephala (Northern hookworm)[6]
Vigisospirura potekhini <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Dierenrijk Europa
Galloway Wildlife Conservation Park
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Mill Mountain Zoocorsac
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Paradise Wildlife Park
San Diego Zoocorsac
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Saarbruecken

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
35.5 Corsac, Vulpes corsac, A. Poyarkov and N. Ovsyanikov, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp.
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
5Phodopus campbelli, Patricia D. Ross, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 503, pp. 1-7 (1995)
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
7International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access