Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Felidae > Lynx > Lynx pardinus
 

Lynx pardinus (Iberian Lynx; Spanish lynx)

Synonyms: Felis pardina

Wikipedia Abstract

The Iberian lynx, (Lynx pardinus), is a critically endangered species of felid native to the Iberian Peninsula in Southern Europe. It is one of the most endangered cat species in the world. According to the conservation group SOS Lynx, if the Iberian lynx died out, it would be the first feline species to become extinct since prehistoric times. The species was formerly classified as a subspecies of the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx), but is now considered a separate species.
View Wikipedia Record: Lynx pardinus

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Lynx pardinus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
65
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.06
EDGE Score: 4.98

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  24.25 lbs (11.00 kg)
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Gestation [1]  68 days
Litter Size [1]  3
Nocturnal [2]  Yes

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Caldeirão 116847 Portugal  
CASCADA DE CIMBARRA 1321 Spain  
Costa Sudoeste 183883 Portugal  
DESPEÑAPERROS 19239 Spain  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Encinares del río Alberche y río Cofio 205483 Spain  
ESTERO DE DOMINGO RUBIO 848 Spain  
HURDES 66675 Spain  
LAS BATUECAS-SIERRA DE FRANCIA 74584 Spain  
MARISMAS DEL ODIEL 16387 Spain  
MARISMAS DEL RIO PIEDRAS Y FLECHA DEL ROMPIDO 5953 Spain  
Monchique 187820 Portugal  
MONFRAGÜE Y LAS DEHESAS DEL ENTORNO 287016 Spain  
MONTES DE TOLEDO 538722 Spain  
Montesinho/Nogueira 266900 Portugal  
Mourão/Moura/Barrancos 209832 Portugal  
PEÑAS DE AROCHE 1792 Spain  
PINARES DEL BAJO ALBERCHE 124192 Spain  
PUERTO PEÑA - LOS GOLONDRINOS 82543 Spain  
QUILAMAS 25360 Spain  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
RIO TAJO INTERNACIONAL Y RIBEROS 50091 Spain  
SIERRA DE ARACENA Y PICOS DE AROCHE 461592 Spain  
SIERRA DE CARDEÑA Y MONTORO 94979 Spain  
SIERRA DE GATA Y VALLE DE LAS PILAS 45770 Spain  
SIERRA DE GREDOS 213494 Spain  
SIERRA DE HORNACHUELOS 148342 Spain  
SIERRA DE LAS VILLUERCAS Y VALLE DEL GUADARRANQUE 188630 Spain  
SIERRA DE SAN PEDRO 284250 Spain  
SIERRA MAGINA 49324 Spain  
SIERRA MORENA 331883 Spain  
SIERRA NORTE 438558 Spain  
SIERRA PELADA Y RIVERA DEL ASERRADOR 30407 Spain  
SIERRAS DE ANDÚJAR 185122 Spain  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
VALLE DEL TIÉTAR 159079 Spain  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Alectoris rufa (Red-legged Partridge)[3]
Anas crecca (Green-winged Teal)[3]
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)[3]
Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)[3]
Dama dama (fallow deer)[3]
Eliomys quercinus (garden dormouse)[3]
Oryctolagus cuniculus (European Rabbit)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aquila clanga (Greater Spotted Eagle)1
Aquila fasciata (Bonelli's Eagle)2
Canis lupus (Wolf)1
Gypaetus barbatus (Bearded Vulture)1
Hemorrhois hippocrepis (Horseshoe Snake)1
Hieraaetus pennatus (Booted Eagle)1
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)1
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)1
Neophron percnopterus (Egyptian Vulture)1
Rhinechis scalaris (Ladder Snakes)2
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ancylostoma tubaeforme[4]
Capillaria aerophila[4]
Dipylidium caninum (cucumber tapeworm)[5]
Eucoleus aerophilus <Unverified Name>[4]
Hydatigera taeniaeformis[4]
Ixodes hexagonus (European dog tick)[5]
Ixodes ricinus (Deer tick)[5]
Ixodes ventalloi (Rabbit tick)[5]
Joyeuxiella pasqualei[4]
Mastophorus muris[4]
Mesocestoides litteratus <Unverified Name>[4]
Mycobacterium bovis (Bovine tuberculosis)[5]
Odontopsyllus quirosi[5]
Physaloptera praeputialis <Unverified Name>[4]
Rhipicephalus annulatus (Cattle tick)[5]
Rhipicephalus pusillus[5]
Rhipicephalus turanicus[5]
Spirocerca lupi[4]
Strongyloides stercoralis (threadworm)[4]
Taenia pisiformis[4]
Taenia polyacantha[4]
Taenia taeniaeformis <Unverified Name>[4]
Toxascaris leonina[4]
Toxocara canis[4]
Toxocara cati (feline roundworm)[4]
Toxocara mystax <Unverified Name>[4]
Vigisospirura potekhini <Unverified Name>[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Zoobotanico de Jerez

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China);

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Wozencraft W.C., 2007-08-15, in Catalog of Life 2011
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Feeding Ecology of the Spanish Lynx in the Coto Doñana, Miguel Delibes, ACTA THERIOLOGICA Vol. 25, 24: 309-324, 1980 4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011