Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Mustelidae > Martes > Martes martes
 

Martes martes (European Pine Marten)

Wikipedia Abstract

The European pine marten (Martes martes), known most commonly as the pine marten in Anglophone Europe, and less commonly also known as pineten, baum marten, or sweet marten, is an animal native to Northern Europe belonging to the mustelid family, which also includes mink, otter, badger, wolverine and weasel. It is about the size of a domestic cat. Its body is up to 53 cm in length (21 inches), and its bushy tail can be 25 cm (10 inches).
View Wikipedia Record: Martes martes

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
25
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.94
EDGE Score: 2.39

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.87 lbs (1.30 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  30 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 3 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 2 months
Gestation [1]  28 days
Litter Size [1]  4
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  18 years
Weaning [1]  59 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Corsican montane broadleaf and mixed forests France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kola Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI) 71136 Greece  
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, LIMNOTHALASSA KATAFOURKO KAI KORAKONISIA 56861 Greece  
Adamello Presanella 69894 Italy  
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Alam-Pedja 85235 Estonia  
Alpi Marittime 83205 Italy  
Alte Valli Anzasca, Antrona e Bognanco 53311 Italy  
Bayerischer Wald National Park II 59790 Germany
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Beskid Niski 375518 Poland  
Brenta 73487 Italy  
Bukovské vrchy 106836 Slovakia  
Bükk-hegység és peremterületei 164079 Hungary  
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Cerová vrchovina a Rimavská kotlina 76986 Slovakia  
Comprensorio Tolfetano-Cerite-Manziate 166977 Italy  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Dolina Dolnego Bugu 183624 Poland  
Dolina Dolnej Pilicy 78633 Poland  
Dolina Pilicy 87367 Poland  
Dolina Radwi, Chocieli i Chotli 54021 Poland  
Dolomiti Feltrine e Bellunesi 77549 Italy  
Dolomiti Friulane 90787 Italy  
Dolomiti del Cadore e del Comelico 173952 Italy  
Dorzecze Parsety 68474 Poland  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
HAUTES-VOSGES, HAUT-RHIN 58515 France  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kostomukshsky Zapovednik Ia 117269 Karelia, Russia
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
LOS VALLES 79029 Spain  
La Gallinola - Monte Miletto - Monti del Matese 61781 Italy  
Laborecká vrchovina 266172 Slovakia  
Lagorai 114140 Italy  
Lahemaa 183898 Estonia  
Lake Torne Area Biosphere Reserve 238457 Sweden  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Lasy Ilawskie 62316 Poland  
Malaya Sozva Zapovednik Ia 557376 Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia
Massiccio del Grappa 55532 Italy  
Montesinho/Nogueira 266900 Portugal  
Monti Lepini 115954 Italy  
Monti Nebrodi 173651 Italy  
Monti Peloritani, Dorsale Curcuraci, Antennamare e area marina dello stretto di Messina 69172 Italy    
Monti Reatini 58028 Italy  
Monti Sicani, Rocca Busambra e Bosco della Ficuzza 144567 Italy  
Monti Simbruini ed Ernici 128739 Italy  
Moor House – Upper Teesdale 95867 England, United Kingdom
Mordovsky Zapovednik Ia 79439 Mordovia, Russia
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Ostoja Augustowska 264573 Poland  
Ostoja Borecka 62617 Poland  
Ostoja Inska 216738 Poland  
Ostoja Nadbuzanska 113759 Poland  
Otepää 56325 Estonia  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parco Naturale Adamello 53676 Italy  
Parco Naturale Fanes - Senes - Braies 62896 Italy  
Parco Naturale Vedrette di Ries - Aurina 77376 Italy  
Parco Nazionale del Gran Paradiso 175751 Italy  
Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio National Park V 333737 Italy
Parco Regionale Orobie Bergamasche 121015 Italy  
Parco Regionale Orobie Valtellinesi 56377 Italy  
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Pirin 99722 Bulgaria  
Po¾ana 93067 Slovakia  
Puszcza Bialowieska 156041 Poland  
Reserva de Ordesa-Vinamala Biosphere Reserve 127002 Spain  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Rila 200269 Bulgaria  
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Sila Grande 76682 Italy  
Soomaa 98925 Estonia  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Strathglass Complex 58277 Scotland, United Kingdom
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tzentralen Balkan 177099 Bulgaria  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Ultimo - Solda nel Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio 69162 Italy  
VIÑAMALA 62053 Spain  
VOUNA EVROU 104705 Greece  
Ve¾ká Fatra 149348 Slovakia  
Visimskiy Zapovednik Biosphere Reserve 443816 Russia  
Vitosha 67608 Bulgaria  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Wolin i Uznam 76089 Poland    

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Abax parallelepipedus[2]
Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)[2]
Capreolus capreolus (western roe deer)[2]
Clethrionomys glareolus (Bank vole)[2]
Columba palumbus (Common Wood Pigeon)[2]
Dryocopus martius (Black Woodpecker)[2]
Lepus europaeus (European Hare)[2]
Sciurus vulgaris (Eurasian red squirrel)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)3
Acrocephalus palustris (Marsh Warbler)1
Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)1
Anthus pratensis (Meadow Pipit)1
Anthus spinoletta (Water Pipit)1
Anthus trivialis (Tree Pipit)1
Aquila heliaca (Asian Imperial Eagle)1
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)1
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)1
Athene noctua (Little Owl)2
Bufo bufo (Common European toad)1
Buteo buteo (Common Buzzard)2
Canis lupus (Wolf)1
Chrysops caecutiens (Splayed Deer Fly)1
Chrysops relictus (Twin-lobed Deer Fly)1
Ciconia ciconia (White Stork)2
Circus aeruginosus (Western Marsh Harrier)1
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)4
Corvus corone (Carrion Crow)1
Elaphe longissima (Aesculapean Snake)1
Erinaceus europaeus (western European hedgehog)1
Falco subbuteo (Northern Hobby)1
Falco tinnunculus (Eurasian Kestrel)1
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)4
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)1
Garrulus glandarius (Eurasian Jay)1
Lanius collurio (Red-backed Shrike)1
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)2
Locustella naevia (Common Grasshopper Warbler)1
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)2
Martes foina (Beech Marten)2
Milvus migrans (Black Kite)2
Milvus milvus (Red Kite)3
Motacilla flava (Western Yellow Wagtail)1
Mustela erminea (Ermine)3
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)1
Mustela putorius (European Polecat)2
Nucifraga caryocatactes (Spotted Nutcracker)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Rhagio lineola (Small Fleck-winged Snipe Fly)1
Rhagio scolopaceus (Downlooker Snipe Fly)1
Rhagio tringarius (Marsh Snipe Fly)1
Simulium aureum1
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)1
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)2
Sylvia curruca (Lesser Whitethroat)1
Tabanus autumnalis (Large Marsh Horse Fly)1
Thereva nobilitata (Common Stiletto)1
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)1
Vanellus vanellus (Northern Lapwing)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)4

Predators

Corvus corax (Northern Raven)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Alaria alata <Unverified Name>[3]
Angiostrongylus daskalovi <Unverified Name>[3]
Aonchotheca putorii <Unverified Name>[3]
Ascaris columnaris <Unverified Name>[3]
Ascaris devosi <Unverified Name>[3]
Baylisascaris columnaris <Unverified Name>[3]
Capillaria putorii <Unverified Name>[3]
Ceratophyllus sciurorum sciurorum <Unverified Name>[4]
Chaetopsylla caucasica[4]
Chaetopsylla matina[4]
Chaetopsylla rothschildi[4]
Crenosoma petrowi <Unverified Name>[3]
Ctenocephalides felis felis[4]
Ctenophthalmus assimilis assimilis[4]
Echinochasmus perfoliatus <Unverified Name>[3]
Eucoleus aerophilus <Unverified Name>[3]
Eucoleus trophimenkovi <Unverified Name>[3]
Filaroides martis[3]
Hydatigera taeniaeformis[3]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[3]
Molineus patens <Unverified Name>[3]
Nanophyetus salmincola <Unverified Name>[3]
Nosopsyllus fasciatus (northern rat flea)[4]
Paraceras melis melis[4]
Paragonimus miyazakii <Unverified Name>[3]
Paragonimus westermani <Unverified Name>[3]
Pearsonema plica <Unverified Name>[3]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[4]
Skrjabingylus nasicola[3]
Skrjabingylus petrovi <Unverified Name>[3]
Spilopsyllus cuniculi (European rabbit flea)[4]
Spirocerca lupi[3]
Spirometra erinacei <Unverified Name>[3]
Taenia intermedia <Unverified Name>[3]
Taenia martis <Unverified Name>[3]
Taenia mustelae[3]
Tarsopsylla octodecimdentata octodecimdentata[4]
Thominx aerophilus <Unverified Name>[3]
Trichinella britovi <Unverified Name>[3]
Trichinella nativa <Unverified Name>[3]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alpenzoo Innsbruck - Tirol
Camperdown Wildlife Centre
Helsinki Zoo
Highland Wildlife Park
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Moscow Zoological Park
Niedersächsische Landesforsten
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parco Faunistico La Torbiera
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Ranua Wildlife Park
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoological Garden of Polish Fauna

Range Map

Link to Map
Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China);

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Wozencraft W.C., 15-Aug-2007, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Ecology of Commanster 3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 4International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011