Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Mustelidae > Martes > Martes melampus

Martes melampus (Japanese Marten)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Japanese marten (Martes melampus) is a mammal in the marten genus most closely related to the sable. It is half a meter (1½ feet) in length on average, not counting a 20-centimeter-long tail (7.9 in), and between 1,000 and 1,500 grams (2.2 and 3.3 lb) in weight. Males are generally larger than females. The pelage varies in color from dark brown to dull yellow with a cream-colored throat. There are two confirmed subspecies of Japanese marten: \n* M. m. melampus lives on several of the Japanese islands. \n* M. m. tsuensis is found on Tsushima Island.
View Wikipedia Record: Martes melampus


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.28
EDGE Score: 2.33


Adult Weight [1]  2.20 lbs (1.00 kg)
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Endothermic [2]  20 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  40 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  30 %
Forages - Scansorial [2]  100 %
Nocturnal [3]  Yes


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Azumayama Forest Forest Ecosystem Reserve IV   Fukushima, Japan  
Mount Odaigahara and Mount Omine Biosphere Reserve 88558 Kyushu, Japan  
Shiga Highland Biosphere Reserve 32124 Honshu, Japan  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Japan Japan No

Prey / Diet

Nyctereutes procyonoides (Raccoon dog)[4]
Prunus serrulata var. pubescens[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)1
Bubo bubo (Eurasian Eagle-Owl)1
Canis lupus (Wolf)1
Capricornis crispus (Japanese serow)1
Cervus nippon (Sika deer)1
Gulo gulo (Wolverine)1
Haliaeetus pelagicus (Steller's Sea-Eagle)1
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)1
Martes flavigula (Yellow-throated Marten)1
Paguma larvata (Masked Palm Civet)1
Syrmaticus soemmerringii (Copper Pheasant)1
Ursus thibetanus (Asian Black Bear)1


Homo sapiens (man)[6]


Parasitized by 
Angiostrongylus ten <Unverified Name>[7]
Aonchotheca putorii <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria putorii <Unverified Name>[7]
Centrorhynchus elongatus[7]
Ceratophyllus argus <Unverified Name>[8]
Chaetopsylla jamesoni[8]
Chaetopsylla mikado[8]
Chaetopsylla zibellina[8]
Concinnum ten <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinostoma hortense <Unverified Name>[7]
Eucoleus aerophilus <Unverified Name>[7]
Euryhelmis costaricensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Mesocestoides paucitesticulus <Unverified Name>[7]
Metagonimus yokogawai[9]
Molineus patens <Unverified Name>[7]
Monopsyllus indages indages[8]
Paragonimus miyazakii <Unverified Name>[7]
Pearsonema plica <Unverified Name>[7]
Peromyscopsylla segregata[8]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[8]
Soboliphyme baturini <Unverified Name>[7]
Spirometra erinacei-europaei <Unverified Name>[7]
Stenoponia montana[8]
Tetragomphius melis <Unverified Name>[7]
Toxocara canis[9]
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis (Y. pseudotuberculosis)[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Inokashira Park Zoo
Nogeyama Zoological Gardens Yokohama
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.

Range Map

Southern Asia;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
4Nyctereutes procyonoides, Oscar G. Ward and Doris H. Wurster-Hill, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 358, pp. 1-5 (1990)
5Shinsuke Koike, Hideto Morimoto, Shinsuke Kasai, Yusuke Goto, Chinatsu Kozakai, Isao Arimoto, and Koji Yamazaki (2012). Relationships Between the Fruiting Phenology of Prunus jamasakura and Timing of Visits by Mammals - Estimation of the Feeding Period Using Camera Traps, Phenology and Climate Change, Xiaoyang Zhang (Ed.)
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
8International Flea Database
9Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access