Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Mustelidae > Mustela > Mustela putorius

Mustela putorius (European Polecat)

Wikipedia Abstract

The European polecat (Mustela putorius) — also known as the black or forest polecat, or fitch (as well as some other names) — is a species of mustelid native to western Eurasia and North Africa. It is of a generally dark brown colour, with a pale underbelly and a dark mask across the face. Occasionally, colour mutations, including albinos and erythrists, occur. Compared to minks and other weasels — also fellow members of the genus Mustela — the polecat has a shorter, more compact body; a more powerfully built skull and dentition; is less agile; and it is well known for having the characteristic ability to secrete a particularly foul-smelling liquid to mark its territory.
View Wikipedia Record: Mustela putorius


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.34
EDGE Score: 1.99


Adult Weight [2]  1.78 lbs (809 g)
Birth Weight [2]  10 grams
Female Maturity [2]  10 months 12 days
Male Maturity [2]  10 months 22 days
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Ectothermic [3]  20 %
Diet - Endothermic [3]  50 %
Diet - Fish [3]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Gestation [2]  42 days
Litter Size [2]  8
Litters / Year [2]  2
Maximum Longevity [2]  11 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams
Weaning [2]  63 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cantabric Coast - Languedoc France, Spain Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Dalmatia Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Montenegro, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Baltic Drainages Denmark, Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Polar Freshwaters    
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Danube Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Alam-Pedja 85235 Estonia  
Alpi Giulie 44561 Italy  
Bayerischer Wald National Park II 59790 Germany
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
Bukovské vrchy 106836 Slovakia  
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Castel Porziano (Tenuta presidenziale) 14923 Italy  
Cerová vrchovina a Rimavská kotlina 76986 Slovakia  
Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve V 619089 Jilin, China  
Comprensorio Tolfetano-Cerite-Manziate 166977 Italy  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Dolina Dolnej Pilicy 78633 Poland  
Dolina Lupawy 13612 Poland  
Dolina Pilicy 87367 Poland  
Dolina Radwi, Chocieli i Chotli 54021 Poland  
Dolina Wieprzy i Studnicy 35457 Poland  
Dolomiti Friulane 90787 Italy  
Dorzecze Parsety 68474 Poland  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Endla 24977 Estonia  
Fiume Po - tratto vercellese alessandrino 34859 Italy  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Karkonosze National Park II 45907 Poland
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Kivach Zapovednik IV 26885 Karelia, Russia
Kosciuszko National Park II 1705480 New South Wales, Australia
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
Königsbrücker Heide 17129 Germany  
La Gallinola - Monte Miletto - Monti del Matese 61781 Italy  
Laguna di Marano e Grado 40434 Italy  
Laguna di Venezia 136417 Italy  
Lahemaa 183898 Estonia  
Lake District High Fells 66717 England, United Kingdom
Legi Odrzanskie 44477 Poland  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Luitemaa 31929 Estonia  
Monte Argentario, Isolotto di Porto Ercole e Argentarola 14142 Italy  
Monte Cimone, Libro Aperto, Lago di Pratignano 12785 Italy  
Monte Gemelli, Monte Guffone 32991 Italy  
Monte Tancia e Monte Pizzuto 16855 Italy  
Montesinho/Nogueira 266900 Portugal  
Monti Lucretili 28753 Italy  
Monti Reatini 58028 Italy  
Monti Sibillini (versante umbro) 43725 Italy  
Monti Simbruini ed Ernici 128739 Italy  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mount Everest (Sagarmatha) National Park II 275416 Nepal
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Oberlausitzer Heide - und Teichlandschaft Nature Reserve IV 32467 Germany  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Orsiera Rocciavré 27095 Italy  
Ostoja Inska 216738 Poland  
Ostoja Wigierska 39715 Poland  
Otepää 56325 Estonia  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parco Nazionale del Circeo 54771 Italy  
Parco Nazionale del Gran Paradiso 175751 Italy  
Pascoli montani e cespuglieti del Pratomagno 16687 Italy  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve IV 12219 Moscow, Russia
Puszcza Bialowieska 156041 Poland  
Reserve Nationale de Camargue Biosphere Reserve 32232 France  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Risaie della Lomellina 76457 Italy  
SIERRA NORTE 438558 Spain  
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Selva Pisana 23863 Italy  
Selva del Lamone e Monti di Castro 14097 Italy  
Slowinski National Park II 50972 Poland    
Soomaa 98925 Estonia  
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Trzebiatowsko-Kolobrzeski Pas Nadmorski 43166 Poland    
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tzentralen Balkan 177099 Bulgaria  
Ujscie Odry i Zalew Szczecinski 130007 Poland  
Valle del Tevere: Laghi di Corbara - Alviano 17989 Italy  
Valle del Ticino 16302 Italy  
Vena del Gesso Romagnola 13690 Italy  
Vessertal-Thuringian Forest Biosphere Reserve 42250 Germany  
Viadana, Portiolo, San Benedetto Po e Ostiglia 17848 Italy  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  


Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Anthus pratensis (Meadow Pipit)[4]
Bufo bufo (Common European toad)[5]
Lasius niger (Black garden ant)[4]
Lepus europaeus (European Hare)[4]
Myodes glareolus (Bank vole)[4]
Rana dalmatina (Agile frog)[5]
Rana temporaria (European frog)[4]
Talpa europaea (European Mole)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)1
Aeshna cyanea (Southern Hawker Dragonfly)1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)1
Anax imperator (Emperor Dragonfly )2
Anguis fragilis (Slow Worm)1
Apodemus flavicollis (Yellow-necked mouse)1
Apodemus sylvaticus (Old World wood and field mouse)1
Aquila heliaca (Eastern Imperial Eagle)1
Aquila pomarina (Lesser Spotted Eagle)1
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)3
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)2
Athene noctua (Little Owl)1
Botaurus stellaris (Eurasian Bittern)1
Buteo buteo (Common Buzzard)2
Carduelis carduelis (European Goldfinch)1
Charadrius dubius (Little Ringed Plover)1
Chloris chloris (European Greenfinch)1
Ciconia ciconia (White Stork)3
Ciconia nigra (Black Stork)1
Circus aeruginosus (Western Marsh Harrier)2
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)1
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)3
Dendrocopos medius (Middle Spotted Woodpecker)1
Dolomedes fimbriatus (Raft Spider)1
Dryocopus martius (Black Woodpecker)1
Dytiscus marginalis (Predaceous diving beetle)2
Falco columbarius (Merlin)1
Falco tinnunculus (Eurasian Kestrel)1
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)2
Garrulus glandarius (Eurasian Jay)1
Gypaetus barbatus (Bearded Vulture)1
Ichthyosaura alpestris (Alpine Newt)1
Lanius collurio (Red-backed Shrike)1
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)2
Lissotriton helveticus (Palmate Newt)1
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)1
Martes foina (Beech Marten)2
Martes martes (European Pine Marten)2
Meles meles (European Badger)1
Milvus migrans (Black Kite)4
Milvus milvus (Red Kite)5
Mustela erminea (Ermine)4
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)2
Myodes glareolus (Bank vole)1
Natrix natrix (European Grass Snake)2
Natrix tessellata (Dice Snake)1
Nepa cinerea (Water Scorpion)2
Notiophilus biguttatus1
Notonecta glauca (Water boatman)2
Oenanthe oenanthe (Northern Wheatear)1
Picus canus (Grey-headed Woodpecker)1
Picus viridis (European Green Woodpecker)1
Saxicola rubetra (Whinchat)1
Sorex araneus (Eurasian shrew)1
Spinus spinus (Eurasian Siskin)1
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)4
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Talpa europaea (European Mole)1
Troglodytes troglodytes (Eurasian Wren)1
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)1
Vanellus vanellus (Northern Lapwing)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)3
Zamenis longissimus (Aesculapean Snake)3
Zootoca vivipara louislantzi (Viviparous Lizard)1


Corvus corax (Northern Raven)[4]


Parasitized by 
Alaria alata <Unverified Name>[6]
Alaria americana <Unverified Name>[6]
Amalaraeus arvicolae[7]
Amphipsylla anceps[7]
Aonchotheca putorii <Unverified Name>[6]
Apophallus donicus[6]
Archaeopsylla erinacei erinacei[7]
Ascaris columnaris <Unverified Name>[6]
Ascaris devosi <Unverified Name>[6]
Baylisascaris devosi <Unverified Name>[6]
Callopsylla kaznakovi[7]
Calodium alatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Capillaria mucronata <Unverified Name>[6]
Capillaria putorii <Unverified Name>[6]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[7]
Chaetopsylla matina[7]
Chaetopsylla rothschildi[7]
Chaetopsylla trichosa[7]
Crenosoma taiga <Unverified Name>[6]
Ctenocephalides canis (Dog flea)[7]
Ctenocephalides felis felis[7]
Ctenophthalmus breviatus[7]
Ctenophthalmus congener vicarius[7]
Ctenophthalmus orientalis[7]
Ctenophthalmus pollex[7]
Ctenophthalmus rettigi rettigi[7]
Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm)[6]
Distomum putorii <Unverified Name>[6]
Eucoleus aerophilus <Unverified Name>[6]
Euparyphium melis <Unverified Name>[6]
Filaroides martis[6]
Gnathostoma spinigerum <Unverified Name>[6]
Ixodes hexagonus (European dog tick)[8]
Macracanthorhynchus catulinus[6]
Mastophorus muris[6]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Metorchis albidus[6]
Metorchis bilis[6]
Molineus patens <Unverified Name>[6]
Mustelivingylus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[6]
Mycobacterium bovis (Bovine tuberculosis)[8]
Neopsylla setosa spinea[7]
Opisthorchis felineus[6]
Oxyuris paradoxa <Unverified Name>[6]
Paraceras melis melis[7]
Pearsonema mucronata <Unverified Name>[6]
Pseudamphistomum truncatum[6]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[7]
Rhadinopsylla pentacantha[7]
Rhipicephalus pusillus[8]
Skrjabingylus nasicola[6]
Sobolevingylus petrowi <Unverified Name>[6]
Sparganum ellipticum <Unverified Name>[6]
Spilopsyllus cuniculi (European rabbit flea)[7]
Spirocerca lupi[6]
Spirometra erinacei <Unverified Name>[6]
Spirometra erinacei-europaei <Unverified Name>[6]
Strigea strigis <Unverified Name>[6]
Strongyloides martis <Unverified Name>[6]
Strongyloides mustelorum <Unverified Name>[6]
Strongyloides papillosus[6]
Strongyloides putorii <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia intermedia <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia martis <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia mustelae[6]
Taenia solium <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia tenuicollis <Unverified Name>[6]
Thominx aerophilus <Unverified Name>[6]
Toxocara canis[6]
Trichinella britovi <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichinella nativa <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardensfuro
Adelaide Zoofuro
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Akron Zoological Parkfuro
Albuquerque Biological Park
Alpenzoo Innsbruck - Tirolfuro
Assiniboine Park Zoofuro
Audubon Zoofuro
Banham Zoo Ltd.furo
Bay Beach Wildlife Sanctuary
Bergen County Zoological Parkfuro
Binder Park Zoofuro
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Parkfuro
Bioparc Valenciafuro
Birmingham Zoofuro
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
Boonshoft Museum of Discovery
Bowmanville Zoological Park
Brandywine Zoofuro
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoofuro
Bronx Children's Zoofuro
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Gardenfuro
Caldwell Zoo
Cameron Park Zoofuro
Camperdown Wildlife Centre
Cape May County Park Zoo
Capron Park Zoofuro
Chahinkapa Zoofuro
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Parkfuro
Chehaw Wild Animal Parkfuro
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.furo
Chicago Zoological Parkfuro
City of Belfast Zoofuro
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Colchester Zoofuro
Columbian Park Zoofuro
Columbus Zoo and Aquariumfuro
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoofuro
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardensputorius
Coyote Point Museumfuro
Dakota Zoofuro
Dartmoor Zoological Parkfuro
David Traylor Zoo of Emporiafuro
Dierenpark Emmenfuro
Dierenrijk Europafuro
Disney's Animal Kingdomfuro
Drusillas Zoo Parkfuro
Dudley Zoological Gardensfuro
El Paso Zoo
Erie Zoological Gardensfuro
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Fresno Chaffee Zoofuro
Gladys Porter Zoofuro
Great Plains Zoofuro
Guadalajara Zoofuro
Guldborgsund Zoo & Botanical Gardenputorius
Happy Hollow Zoo
Hattiesburg Zoofuro
Henry Vilas Zoo
Henson Robinson Zoofuro
Houston Zoo, Inc.furo
Indianapolis Zoofuro
Jackson Zoological Parkfuro
John Ball Zoological Gardenfuro
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Gardenfuro
Kittenberger Zoofuro
Knoxville Zoological Gardensfuro
Kyiv Zoological Parkfuro
Lake Superior Zoological Gardensfuro
Lehigh Valley Zoofuro
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburgputorius
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodasfuro
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)furo
Lion Country Safari Inc - Floridafuro
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Longleat Safari Parkfuro
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoofuro
Louisville Zoological Garden
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodzfuro
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrparkfuro
Moscow Zoological Park
Moulton Collegefuro
Museum of Science - Live Animal Centerfuro
Natural Science Center of Greensboro
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Councilfuro
Noah's Ark Zoo Farmfuro
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
NY State Zoo at Thompson Parkfuro
Oakland Zoofuro
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoofuro
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milerafuro
Oklahoma City Zoological Parkfuro
Oregon Zoofuro
Ouwehand Zoofuro
Paradise Wildlife Parkfuro
Parc Zoologique d'Amnevillefuro
Parc Zoologique Fort Mardyckfuro
Peoria Zoo in Glen Oak Parkfuro
Phoenix Zoofuro
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquariumfuro
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Potter Park Zoological Gardensfuro
Prospect Park Zoofuro
Pueblo Zoofuro
Ranua Wildlife Parkfuro
Reaseheath College Animal Centrefuro
Red River Zoofuro
Reid Park Zoo
Riga Zoofuro
Riverside Zoofuro
Rodbaston Collegefuro
Roger Williams Park Zoofuro
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventurefuro
Roosevelt Park Zoofuro
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Parkfuro
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Saitama Children's Zoofuro
Salisbury Zoological Park
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquarfuro
San Diego Zoo
San Francisco Zoological Gardensfuro
Scovill Zoofuro
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Sofia Zoological Gardensfuro
Sunset Zoofuro
Taipei Zoofuro
Tautphaus Park Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoofuro
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardensfuro
Toledo Zoological Gardensfuro
Toronto Zoofuro
Trevor Zoo at Millbrook School
Tropical Butterfly Housefuro
Trotter's World of Animals
Turtle Back Zoofuro
Twycross Zoofuro
Utah's Hogle Zoofuro
Utica Zoofuro
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Centerfuro
Virginia Living Museumfuro
Walford & North Shropshire College
Welsh Mountain Zoo
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltdfuro
Whipsnade Wild Animal Parkfuro
Wildlife Safari Incfuro
Wildlife World Zoofuro
Woodland Park Zoological Gardensfuro
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)furo
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoofuro
Zoo New England, Stone Zoofuro
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Ganfuro
Zoological Garden of Polish Fauna
Zoological Society of Londonfuro
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislavafuro
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbHfuro
Zoologischer Garten Saarbrueckenfuro

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China);



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Ecology of Commanster
5Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
7International Flea Database
8Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access