Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Viverridae > Arctictis > Arctictis binturong
 

Arctictis binturong (Binturong)

Wikipedia Abstract

The binturong (/bɪnˈtuːrɒŋ/ bin-TOO-rong) (Arctictis binturong), also known as bearcat, is a viverrid native to South and Southeast Asia. It is uncommon in much of its range, and has been assessed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List because of a declining population trend that is estimated at more than 30% over the last three decades. Thomas Stamford Raffles first described a specimen from Malacca.In Riau, Indonesia it was known as tenturun. The binturong is a monotypic genus. Its genus name Arctictis means ‘bear-weasel’, from Greek arkt- ‘bear’ + iktis ‘weasel’.
View Wikipedia Record: Arctictis binturong

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
50
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 12.5
EDGE Score: 3.99

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  27.01 lbs (12.25 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  318 grams
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  2 years 3 months
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore, Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Endothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Fish [2]  30 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  30 %
Diet - Plants [2]  20 %
Diet - Scavenger [2]  10 %
Forages - Arboreal [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  3 months 2 days
Litter Size [1]  2
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  27 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  79 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo montane rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests Myanmar, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Java-Bali montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kinabalu montane alpine meadows Malaysia Indo-Malayan Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests India, Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle temperate forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Palawan rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran tropical pine forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bach Ma National Park II 54733 Viet Nam
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Bukit Kutu Wildlife Reserve IV 4602 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Bung Kroeng Kavia Non-hunting Area   Thailand      
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Daweishan Nature Reserve V 122415 Yunnan, China  
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Niut Wildlife Reserve Nature Reserve IV 409109 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Hin Namno National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 214373 Laos  
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Nam Kading National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 419016 Laos  
Namdapha National Park II   Arunachal Pradesh, India
Palawan Biosphere Reserve 2843689 Philippines  
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Pasoh Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Sai Yok National Park II 235556 Thailand
Si Phang Nga National Park II 60672 Thailand
Taman Negara National Park II 1122273 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Thap Lan National Park II 550979 Thailand
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Ulu Muda Forest Reserve   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No
Philippines Philippines No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Ficus annulata[3]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[3]
Ficus bracteata[3]
Ficus crassiramea[3]
Ficus crassiramea subsp. stupenda[3]
Ficus globosa[3]
Ficus subcordata[3]
Ficus sumatrana[3]
Ficus virens[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acerodon jubatus (golden-capped fruit bat)3
Aceros cassidix (Knobbed Hornbill)2
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)4
Aceros waldeni (Walden's Hornbill)4
Aegithina viridissima (Green Iora)3
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)2
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)3
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)3
Anorrhinus galeritus (Bushy-crested Hornbill)4
Anorrhinus tickelli (Brown Hornbill)3
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)2
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)7
Berenicornis comatus (White-crowned Hornbill)2
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)2
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)7
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)2
Callosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel)2
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)3
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)5
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)7
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)7
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)7
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)2
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)6
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)5
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)7
Corvus enca (Slender-billed Crow)3
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)4
Dicaeum concolor (Nilgiri Flowerpecker)3
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)2
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)5
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)2
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)3
Geokichla interpres (Chestnut-capped Thrush)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)7
Hemixos flavala (Ashy Bulbul)2
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)9
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)2
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)6
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)3
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)7
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)5
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)4
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)2
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)7
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)5
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)8
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)7
Megalaima faiostricta (Green-eared Barbet)2
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)2
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)5
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)2
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)7
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)6
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)3
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)2
Pericrocotus igneus (Fiery Minivet)2
Phapitreron amethystinus (Amethyst Brown Dove)2
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)5
Presbytis comata (grizzled leaf monkey)2
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)3
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)3
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)3
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)2
Pteropus vampyrus (large flying fox)3
Ptilinopus jambu (Jambu Fruit Dove)2
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)6
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus squamatus (Scaly-breasted Bulbul)2
Ratufa affinis (pale giant squirrel)3
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)6
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)4
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)3
Symphalangus syndactylus (siamang)3
Trachypithecus obscurus (dusky leaf monkey)3
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)6
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)7
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)2
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)2
Tupaia glis (Common Treeshrew)2
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)3

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Aizawl Zoological Park
Albuquerque Biological Park
America's Teaching Zoo
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Arignar Anna Zool. Park, Chennai
Artis Zoo
Australia Zoo
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park
Brandywine Zoo
Burger's Zoo
Capron Park Zoo
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Chicago Zoological Park
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Colchester Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Dierenpark Wissel
Drusillas Zoo Park
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
 binturong
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaine
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
International Animal Exchange, Inc.
Khao Kheow Open Zoobinturong
Linton Zoological Gardens
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Melbourne Zoo
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Mesker Park Zoo
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Nagoya Higashiyama Zoo
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
 binturong
Niabi Zoo
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo & Gardens
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parc Zoologique de Lille
Parc Zoologique de Tregomeur
Parco Faunistico La Torbiera
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna AB
Peoria Zoo in Glen Oak Park
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Port Lympne Wild Animal Park
Potter Park Zoological Gardens
Ragunan Zoological Parkbinturong
 penicillatus
Rare Species Conservation Centre
Roger Williams Park Zoo
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
 binturong
 penicillatus
Santa Ana Zoo
Sepahijala Zoological Park
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Songkhla Zoo
Sri Chamarajendra Zoo (Mysore Zoo)
Staten Island Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Taronga Zoo
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
Virginia Zoological Park
 penicillatus
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo Boise
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Melaka
Zoo Negara Malaysia
Zoo of Acadiana
Zoo Parc Overloon
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari
 binturong
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
 binturong
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH

Range Map

Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access