Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Viverridae > Paguma > Paguma larvata
 

Paguma larvata (Masked Palm Civet)

Wikipedia Abstract

The masked palm civet or gem-faced civet (Paguma larvata) is a civet species native to the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It is classified by IUCN in 2008 as Least Concern as it occurs in many protected areas, is tolerant to some degree of habitat modification, and widely distributed with presumed large populations that are unlikely to be declining. The genus Paguma was first named and described by John Edward Gray in 1831. All described forms are regarded as a single species. In recent times, masked palm civets were considered to be a likely vector of SARS.
View Wikipedia Record: Paguma larvata

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
28
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 12.5
EDGE Score: 2.6

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  9.48 lbs (4.30 kg)
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Endothermic [2]  60 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Litter Size [1]  2
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  27 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo montane rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Hindu Kush alpine meadow Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kinabalu montane alpine meadows Malaysia Indo-Malayan Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests India, Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle temperate forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran tropical pine forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ailaoshan Nature Reserve V 332544 Yunnan, China  
Azumayama Forest Forest Ecosystem Reserve IV   Fukushima, Japan  
Bach Ma National Park II 54733 Viet Nam
Batang Ai National Park II 62638 Sarawak, Malaysia
Bawangling National Nature Reserve V 10693 Hainan, China  
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Daweishan Nature Reserve V 122415 Yunnan, China  
Dinghushan Nature Reserve V 2320 Guangdong, China  
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
Doi Suthep-pui National Park II 70007 Thailand  
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Fanjingshan Nature Reserve V 86145 Guizhou, China  
Fujian Wuyishan Nature Reserve V 206754 Fujian, China  
Gaoligong Mountain National Nature Reserve V 1245925 Yunnan, China  
Great Himalayan National Park II 184040 Himachal Pradesh, India
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Niut Wildlife Reserve Nature Reserve IV 409109 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Ang Ru Nai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 248699 Thailand  
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khlong Lan National Park II 104466 Thailand
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Mae Sa-Kog Ma Reserve   Thailand      
Maolan Biosphere Reserve V 79467 Guizhou, China  
Mount Everest (Sagarmatha) National Park II 275416 Nepal
Nam Et National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 636243 Laos  
Nam Ha National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 539941 Laos  
Namdapha National Park II   Arunachal Pradesh, India
Nujiang Nature Reserve   China      
Palawan Biosphere Reserve 2843689 Philippines  
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Pasoh Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Phou Loey National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 376767 Laos  
Sakaerat Environmental Research Station Biosphere Reserve 19294 Thailand  
Sungai Lalang Forest Reserve Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Taman Negara National Park II 1122273 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Thap Lan National Park II 550979 Thailand
Thung Salaeng Luang National Park II 315222 Thailand
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Tianmushan Biosphere Reserve 47993 China  
Ulu Muda Forest Reserve   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Ulu Temburong National Park II 123279 Brunei Darussalam  
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Prey / Diet

Actinidia chinensis (kiwi)[4]
Actinidia kolomikta[4]
Clematoclethra scandens[4]
Cornus capitata (Bentham's cornel)[4]
Cornus kousa (Kousa dogwood)[4]
Cornus kousa subsp. kousa (Kousa dogwood)[4]
Crataegus hupehensis[4]
Diospyros lotus (date plum)[4]
Erythroxylum cuneatum[4]
Ficus bracteata[5]
Hovenia trichocarpa var. robusta (Japanese raisintree)[4]
Ilex macrocarpa[4]
Kalopanax septemlobus (castor aralia)[4]
Leopoldamys edwardsi (Edwards's long-tailed giant rat)[4]
Prunus serrulata var. pubescens[6]
Pyracantha fortuneana (Chinese firethorn)[4]
Rattus fulvescens[4]
Sorbus hemsleyi[4]
Stauntonia grandiflora[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)1
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)1
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)1
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)1
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)1
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)1
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)1
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)1
Capricornis crispus (Japanese serow)1
Cervus nippon (Sika deer)1
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)1
Chrysolophus pictus (Golden Pheasant)1
Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (Greenhouse thrip)1
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)1
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)1
Lariscus insignis (three-striped ground squirrel)1
Martes flavigula (Yellow-throated Marten)11
Martes melampus (Japanese Marten)1
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)1
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)1
Megalaima henricii (Yellow-crowned Barbet)1
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)1
Melogale moschata (Chinese Ferret-badger)6
Syrmaticus reevesii (Reeves's Pheasant)1
Syrmaticus soemmerringii (Copper Pheasant)1
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)1
Ursus thibetanus (Asian Black Bear)1

Predators

Homo sapiens (man)[7]
Panthera onca (Jaguar)[7]
Panthera pardus (Leopard)[7]
Panthera tigris (Tiger)[7]
Uncia uncia (Snow leopard)[8]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ancylostoma brasiliense[9]
Arthrostoma cheni <Unverified Name>[9]
Arthrostoma pagumae <Unverified Name>[9]
Chaetopsylla zhengi[10]
Coxiella burnetii[11]
Pagumogonimus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[9]
Paraceras sauteri[10]
Paragonimus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[9]
Paragonimus westermani <Unverified Name>[9]
Rictularia houdemeri <Unverified Name>[9]
Rictularia mjoebergi <Unverified Name>[9]
Rictularia paradoxuri <Unverified Name>[9]
Sparganum mansonoides <Unverified Name>[9]
Spirometra mansoni <Unverified Name>[9]
Taenia paradoxuri <Unverified Name>[9]
Uncinaria longespiculatum <Unverified Name>[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
Himalayan Zoological Park (Sikkim Zoo)
Inokashira Park Zoo
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zool. Park
Sepahijala Zoological Park
Songkhla Zoo
Taipei Zoo
 taivana
Tama Zoological Park
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Yokohama Zool. Gardens
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Melaka
Zoo Negara Malaysia
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari

Range Map

Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
4DIETARY SHIFTS IN RELATION TO FRUIT AVAILABILITY AMONG MASKED PALM CIVETS (PAGUMA LARVATA) IN CENTRAL CHINA, YOUBING ZHOU, JINSHUO ZHANG, ELEANOR SLADE, LIBIAO ZHANG, FRANCISCO PALOMARES, JIN CHEN, XIAOMING WANG, AND SHUYI ZHANG, Journal of Mammalogy, 89(2):435–447, 2008
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
6Shinsuke Koike, Hideto Morimoto, Shinsuke Kasai, Yusuke Goto, Chinatsu Kozakai, Isao Arimoto, and Koji Yamazaki (2012). Relationships Between the Fruiting Phenology of Prunus jamasakura and Timing of Visits by Mammals - Estimation of the Feeding Period Using Camera Traps, Phenology and Climate Change, Xiaoyang Zhang (Ed.)
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8RUKHSANA KHATOON, (2010) DIET SELECTION OF SNOW LEOPARD (Uncia uncia) IN CHITRAL AREA Master of Philosophy Thesis, Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
10International Flea Database
11Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access