Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Carnivora > Phocidae > Pusa > Pusa sibirica

Pusa sibirica (Baikal Seal)

Synonyms: Phoca sibirica; Phoca vitulina sibirica

Wikipedia Abstract

The Baikal seal, Lake Baikal seal or nerpa (Pusa sibirica), is a species of earless seal endemic to Lake Baikal in Siberia, Russia. Like the Caspian seal, it is related to the Arctic ringed seal. The Baikal seal is one of the smallest true seals and the only exclusively freshwater pinniped species.
View Wikipedia Record: Pusa sibirica

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.21
EDGE Score: 1.98


Adult Weight [2]  198.42 lbs (90.00 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  6.61 lbs (3.00 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  5 years 10 months
Male Maturity [2]  7 years
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [3]  80 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  20 %
Forages - Marine [3]  100 %
Gestation [2]  9 months 3 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  56 years
Migration [1]  Intraoceanic
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds
Weaning [2]  68 days

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia

Prey / Diet

Comephorus baikalensis (greater oilfish)[4]
Comephorus dybowskii (lesser oilfish)[4]
Cottocomephorus grewingkii (Yellowwing)[4]
Cottocomephorus inermis (Longfin Baikal sculpin)[4]


Parasitized by 
Contracaecum osculatum[5]
Diphyllobothrium dendriticum[5]
Echinophthirius horridus[6]
Otostrongylus circumlitus <Unverified Name>[5]
Parafilaroides krascheninnikovi <Unverified Name>[5]
Schistocephalus solidus[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China);



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Phoca sibirica, Jeanette Thomas, Vladamir Pastukhov, Robert Elsner, and Eugene Petrov, Mammalian Species No. 188, pp. 1-6 (1982)
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access