Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Cingulata > Dasypodidae > Zaedyus > Zaedyus pichiy
 

Zaedyus pichiy (Pichi)

Wikipedia Abstract

The pichi (Zaedyus pichiy) or dwarf armadillo is a small armadillo native to Argentina and Chile. It is the only living member of the genus Zaedyus, and the only armadillo to hibernate.
View Wikipedia Record: Zaedyus pichiy

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
42
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 14.99
EDGE Score: 3.47

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  3.31 lbs (1.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  105 grams
Female Maturity [1]  10 months 20 days
Male Maturity [1]  10 months 20 days
Gestation [1]  60 days
Litter Size [1]  2
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  13 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Weaning [1]  42 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Chilean matorral Chile Neotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Espinal Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
High Monte Argentina Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Humid Pampas Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Low Monte Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Magellanic subpolar forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Patagonian steppe Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Andean steppe Argentina, Chile Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Valdivian temperate forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bosques Petrificados Monumental Natural National Monument III 151218 Santa Cruz, Argentina  
Laguna Blanca National Park II 19735 Neuquen, Argentina  
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Reserva Ecologica de Ñacuñan Ecological Reserve Ia   Argentina  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests Chile No

Prey / Diet

Dorymyrmex joergenseni[4]
Dorymyrmex richteri[4]
Dorymyrmex tener[4]
Pheidole aberrans[4]
Solenopsis patagonica[4]

Predators

Caracara plancus (Southern Crested Caracara)[5]
Geranoaetus melanoleucus (Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle)[2]
Harpyhaliaetus coronatus (Crowned Solitary Eagle)[6]
Lycalopex griseus (South American Gray Fox)[2]
Lycalopex gymnocercus (Pampas Fox)[7]
Puma concolor (Cougar)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Hectopsylla broscus[8]
Malacopsylla grossiventris[8]
Phthiropsylla agenoris[8]

Range Map

South America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Zaedyus pichiy (Cingulata: Dasypodidae), MARIELLA SUPERINA AND AGUSTIN M. ABBA, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 46(905):1–10 (2014) 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4Summer diet of the pichi Zaedyus pichiy (Xenarthra: Dasypodidae) in Mendoza Province, Argentina, M. Superina, F. Fernandez Campon, E.L. Stevani, R. Carrara, Journal of Arid Environments xxx (2009) 1–4 5Food habits of the Crested Caracara (Caracara plancus) in the Andean Patagonia: the role of breeding constraints, A. Travaini, J. A. Donázar, O. Ceballos & F. Hiraldo, Journal of Arid Environments (2001) 48: 211–219 6Crowned eagles rarely prey on livestock in central Argentina: persecution is not justified, José Hernán Sarasola, Miguel Ángel Santillán, Maximiliano Adrián Galmes, Endangered Species Research 11: 207–213, 2010 7Lycalopex gymnocercus (Carnivora: Canidae), MAURO LUCHERINI AND ESTELA M. LUENGOS VIDAL, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 820:1–9 (2008) 8International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access