Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Pilosa > Megalonychidae > Choloepus > Choloepus hoffmanni
 

Choloepus hoffmanni (Hoffmann's Two-toed Sloth)

Wikipedia Abstract

Hoffmann's two-toed sloth (Choloepus hoffmanni) is a species of sloth from Central and South America.It is a solitary, largely nocturnal and arboreal animal, found in mature and secondary rainforests and deciduous forests. The common name commemorates the German naturalist Karl Hoffmann.
View Wikipedia Record: Choloepus hoffmanni

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
12
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
38
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 24.15
EDGE Score: 3.22

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  13.78 lbs (6.25 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  402 grams
Female Maturity [2]  2 years
Male Maturity [2]  3 years
Diet [3]  Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  30 %
Diet - Plants [3]  70 %
Forages - Arboreal [3]  100 %
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Gestation [2]  11 months 20 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  37 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Weaning [2]  21 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Bolivian Yungas Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Panamanian montane forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ecuadorian dry forests Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Miskito pine forests Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Andean montane forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Peruvian Yungas Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South American Pacific mangroves Colombia, Panama, Ecuador Neotropic Mangroves    
Southern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Mangroves    
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Barro Colorado Island Natural Monument III   Panama  
Cordillera Volcanica Central Forest Reserve VI 150571 Costa Rica  
Jeanette Kawas National Park 6379 Honduras    
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
La Selva Biological Station Protective Zone VI 6052 Costa Rica
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Pico Bonito National Park II 138952 Honduras    
Pico Pijol National Park II 29599 Honduras  
Rara Avis Rainforest Reserve 3163 Costa Rica
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve   Honduras      
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru      
Reserva del Noroeste Biosphere Reserve 571807 Peru  
Rus Rus Biological Reserve   Honduras      
Sierra de Agalta National Park II 128902 Honduras  
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Tawahka Anthropological Reserve 626425 Honduras  
Warunta   Honduras      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Billia rosea[4]
Cecropia obtusifolia (guarumo)[1]
Clethra fagifolia[4]
Clusia alata[4]
Cordia alliodora (cypre)[1]
Coussapoa villosa[1]
Erythrina poeppigiana (mountain immortelle)[1]
Eucalyptus globulus (eurabbie)[1]
Ficus insipida subsp. insipida[1]
Hieronyma alchorneoides[1]
Hura crepitans (sandbox tree)[1]
Inga oerstediana (Guavo)[1]
Leucaena leucocephala (Wild mimosa)[1]
Luehea seemannii[1]
Miconia turgida[4]
Quercus humboldtii (Andean Oak)[4]
Spondias mombin (hogplum)[1]
Theobroma cacao (cacao)[1]
Trophis racemosa (white ramoon)[1]
Varronia cylindrostachya[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey)1
Amazona albifrons (White-fronted Parrot)5
Amazona auropalliata (Yellow-naped Parrot)4
Ara macao (Scarlet Macaw)2
Ara severus (Chestnut-fronted Macaw)1
Aratinga canicularis (Orange-fronted Parakeet)3
Aratinga weddellii (Dusky-headed Parakeet)1
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)4
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)1
Ateles chamek (Chamek spider monkey)1
Ateles geoffroyi (Central American spider monkey)1
Aulacorhynchus prasinus (Emerald Toucanet)2
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)2
Cebuella pygmaea pygmaea (pygmy marmoset)1
Chiropotes satanas (brown-bearded saki)1
Chiroxiphia linearis (Long-tailed Manakin)1
Cuniculus paca (Paca)2
Eira barbara (Tayra)1
Frankliniella invasor1
Habia fuscicauda (Red-throated Ant-Tanager)1
Habia rubica (Red-crowned Ant-Tanager)1
Hylocichla mustelina (Wood Thrush)1
Mionectes oleagineus (Ochre-bellied Flycatcher)2
Mionectes olivaceus (Olive-striped Flycatcher)1
Musonycteris harrisoni (banana bat)1
Myadestes melanops (Black-faced Solitaire)1
Nasua narica (White-nosed Coati)1
Pharomachrus mocinno (Resplendent Quetzal)1
Philander opossum (Gray Four-eyed Opossum)1
Saguinus geoffroyi (Geoffroy's tamarin)1
Saguinus oedipus (cotton-top tamarin)3
Sciurus variegatoides (variegated squirrel)1
Semnornis frantzii (Prong-billed Barbet)1
Tapirus terrestris (South American tapir)1
Thraupis episcopus (Blue-grey Tanager)1
Turdus grayi (Clay-colored Thrush)1
Turdus plebejus (Mountain Thrush)1
Vampyriscus nymphaea (striped yellow-eared bat)1

Predators

Harpia harpyja (Harpy Eagle)[1]
Leopardus pardalis (Ocelot)[1]
Leopardus wiedii (Margay)[1]
Panthera onca (Jaguar)[1]

Providers

Mutual (symbiont) 
Cryptosis choloepi[1]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Dirofilaria incrassata <Unverified Name>[5]
Dirofilaria panamensis <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Ardastra Gardens & Conserv. Centre
Audubon Zoo
Birmingham Zoo
Brandywine Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Capron Park Zoo
Central Florida Zoological Park
Charles Paddock Zoo
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Chicago Zoological Park
Columbian Park Zoo
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
Dallas World Aquarium
Detroit Zoological Society
El Paso Zoo
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacion Zoológica del Ecuador
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Gladys Porter Zoo
Helsinki Zoo
Henry Vilas Zoo
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
John Ball Zoological Garden
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Lion Country Safari Inc - Florida
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Parque Recreativo y Zool. Piscilago
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Peoria Zoo in Glen Oak Park
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Pueblo Zoo
Racine Zoological Gardens
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
Skansen Akvariet
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Staten Island Zoo
Sunset Zoo
The Naples Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
Topeka Zoological Park
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Virginia Safari Park & Preserv Ctr,Inc
Virginia Zoological Park
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Zoo Atlanta

Range Map

Middle America; South America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Choloepus hoffmanni (Pilosa: Megalonychidae), VIRGINIA HAYSSEN, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 43(873):37–55 (2011)
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4DENSITY, DIET AND HABITAT PREFERENCE OF THE TWO-TOED SLOTH Choloepus hoffmanni IN AN ANDEAN FOREST OF COLOMBIA, SILVIA J. ALVAREZ, ANDREA SANCHEZ, MARTHA MARIA CARMONA, The Rufford Foundation, 2004
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access