Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Pilosa > Myrmecophagidae > Myrmecophaga > Myrmecophaga tridactyla
 

Myrmecophaga tridactyla (Giant Anteater)

Wikipedia Abstract

The giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), also known as the ant bear, is a large insectivorous mammal native to Central and South America. It is one of four living species of anteater and is classified with sloths in the order Pilosa. This species is mostly terrestrial, in contrast to other living anteaters and sloths which are arboreal or semi-arboreal. Its evolution may have been influenced by the expansion of savannas in South America.
View Wikipedia Record: Myrmecophaga tridactyla

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
16
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
53
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 32.3
EDGE Score: 4.2

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  62.83 lbs (28.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  3.53 lbs (1.60 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  3 years 3 months
Male Maturity [1]  3 years 3 months
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Gestation [1]  6 months 4 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  31 years
Weaning [1]  56 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic dry forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Bolivian Yungas Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Caatinga Enclaves moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Campos Rupestres montane savanna Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Panamanian montane forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan piedmont and lowland moist forests Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maranhao Babatu forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Miskito pine forests Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco wetlands Venezuela Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peruvian Yungas Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rio Negro campinarana Brazil, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Atlantic mangroves Brazil Neotropic Mangroves  
Southern Cone Mesopotamian savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Southern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Mangroves    
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uruguayan savanna Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Venezuelan Andes montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Cordillera Volcanica Central Forest Reserve VI 150571 Costa Rica  
Defensores del Chaco National Park II 1792493 Paraguay  
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Estancia Sombrero Private Reserve   Paraguay        
Itabó Biological Reserve IV 34092 Paraguay  
La Selva Biological Station Protective Zone VI 6052 Costa Rica
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Maracá Ecological Reserve Ia 257554 Roraima, Brazil  
Morombi Private Reserve Natural Private Reserve IV 68152 Paraguay  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Otishi National Park 760925 Peru  
Pantanal National Park II 336935 Mato Grosso, Brazil  
Parque Nacional Canaima National Park II 7542183 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Fronterizo Darién National Park II 1382494 Panama  
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Parque Nacional Serranía San Luis National Park II 29816 Paraguay  
Patuca National Park II 935848 Honduras  
Pico Bonito National Park II 138952 Honduras    
Río Negro National Park II 73775 Paraguay  
Río Pilcomayo National Park II 123699 Formosa, Argentina
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve   Honduras        
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru        
Reserva de Vida Silvestre Tahuamanu   Bolivia        
Reserve de Biosphere Cerrado Biosphere Reserve II 1812 Parana, Brazil  
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Tawahka Anthropological Reserve 626425 Honduras  
Teniente Enciso National Park II 102327 Paraguay  
Tinfunqué National Park 607935 Paraguay  

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Atta sexdens (leaf cutter ant)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Thecadactylus rapicauda (Turniptail Gecko)1

Predators

Desmodus rotundus (vampire bat)[3]
Panthera onca (Jaguar)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Aspidodera fasciata <Unverified Name>[4]
Aspidodera scoleciformis <Unverified Name>[4]
Bradipostrongylus inflatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Brevigraphidium dorsuarium <Unverified Name>[4]
Gigantorhynchus echinodiscus[4]
Graphidiops assimilis <Unverified Name>[4]
Graphidiops dissimilis <Unverified Name>[4]
Tunga penetrans (Chigoe)[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Al Bustan Zoological Center
Amazon World
Apenheul Primate Park
Artis Zoo
Audubon Zoo
Barranquilla Zoo
Bergen County Zoological Park
Birmingham Zoo
Brevard Zoo
Buffalo Zoological Gardens
Busch Gardens Tampa Bay
Caldwell Zoo
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Chicago Zoological Park
City of Belfast Zoo
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Colchester Zoo
Copenhagen Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Dallas World Aquarium
Dallas Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Great Plains Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Howletts Wild Animal Park
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Lee Richardson Zoo
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Longleat Safari Park
Marwell Wildlife
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Montgomery Zoo
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Natural Science Center of Greensboro
North of England Zoological Society
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo & Gardens
Parc de Lunaret
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna AB
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Parque Zoologico Santa Fe
Phoenix Zoo
Potawatomi Zoo
Reid Park Zoo
Roger Williams Park Zoo
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Sacramento Zoo
Saint Louis Zoological Park
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Zoo
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Santa Ana Zoo
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Sedgwick County Zoo
Seoul Zoo
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Sunset Zoo
Szeged Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Wilhelma Zoo
Yokohama Zool. Gardens
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo des Sables d'Olonne
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Parc Overloon
Zoo Zürich
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg

Range Map

Link to Map
Middle America; South America;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Gardner A.L, 2007-08-15, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Animals of the Rainforest 4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 5International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Patterson, B. D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M. F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B. E. Young. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy—Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International—CABS, World Wildlife Fund—US, and Environment Canada—WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011