Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Perissodactyla > Equidae > Equus > Equus kiang
 

Equus kiang (kiang)

Wikipedia Abstract

The kiang (Equus kiang) is the largest of the wild asses. It is native to the Tibetan Plateau, where it inhabits montane and alpine grasslands. Its current range is restricted to Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir, plains of the Tibetan plateau and northern Nepal along the Tibetan border. Other common names for this species include Tibetan wild ass, khyang and gorkhar.
View Wikipedia Record: Equus kiang

Infraspecies

Equus kiang holdereri (Eastern Kiang)
Equus kiang kiang (Western Kiang)
Equus kiang polyodon (Southern Kiang)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
27
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.33
EDGE Score: 2.51

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  716.51 lbs (325.00 kg)
Female Weight [1]  606.27 lbs (275.00 kg)
Male Weight [1]  826.74 lbs (375.00 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  36.4 %
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [3]  9 months 29 days
Litters / Year [3]  1
Maximum Longevity [3]  30 years
Migration [4]  Intracontinental
Nocturnal [4]  Yes

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Qaidam Basin semi-desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Qiangtang Nature Reserve 73637404 China      
Sanjiangyuan Nature Reserve 37634150 Qinghai, China      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No

Predators

Canis lupus (Wolf)[4]
Homo sapiens (man)[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Highland Wildlife Parkholdereri
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunnholdereri
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRLholdereri
Moscow Zoological Parkholdereri
Parc Paradisio S.A.holdereri
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutovholdereri
Riga Zooholdereri
San Diego Wild Animal Parkholdereri
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbHholdereri
Zoological Garden Pragueholdereri
Zoologicka zahrada Bojniceholdereri
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brnaholdereri
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenholdereri
Zoologická zahrada Hodonínholdereri
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertalholdereri

Range Map

Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Equus kiang (Perissodactyla: Equidae), ANTOINE ST-LOUIS AND STEEVE D. Côté, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 835:1–11 (2009)
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access