Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Perissodactyla > Tapiridae > Acrocodia > Acrocodia indica
 

Acrocodia indica (Malayan tapir; Asian tapir)

Synonyms: Tapirus indicus; Tapirus indicus brevetianus; Tapirus indicus indicus

Wikipedia Abstract

The Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus), also called the Asian tapir, is the largest of the four species of tapir and the only one native to Asia. The scientific name refers to the East Indies, the species' natural habitat. In the Malay language, the tapir is commonly referred to as cipan, tenuk or badak tampong.
View Wikipedia Record: Acrocodia indica

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Acrocodia indica

EDGE Analysis

The Asian, or Malayan, tapir is the largest and most evolutionarily distinct of the four living species of tapir. It is also the only surviving Old World species. It is characterised by its long, fleshy, prehensile nose and distinctive black and white colouration which apparently breaks up the outline of the body in the gloom of the forests in which it lives. Formerly ranging across Southeast Asia, the tapir today exists as a series of isolated populations, the largest of which are in Malaysia. Habitat destruction is largely responsible for historical declines of this species, and continues to be the main threat today. Hunting, a relatively minor threat in the past, is also becoming more of a concern; as other preferred prey species are becoming more depleted hunters are increasingly looking towards tapirs as a food source.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
19
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
77
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 38.62
EDGE Score: 5.76
View EDGE Record: Acrocodia indica

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  551.16 lbs (250.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  14.33 lbs (6.50 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Male Maturity [1]  3 years
Gestation [1]  1 year
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  37 years
Weaning [1]  6 months 3 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran tropical pine forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park II 836773 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Bukit Kutu Wildlife Reserve IV 4602 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Bukit Tigah Puluh National Park 360578 Sumatra, Indonesia
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Lam Pi - Hat Thai Muang National Marine Park II 17646 Thailand
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary IV 117887 Thailand  
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Mae Wong National Park II 221459 Thailand
Sai Yok National Park II 235556 Thailand
Sungai Lalang Forest Reserve Virgin Jungle Reserve Ia   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Taman Negara National Park II 1122273 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Tasek Bera Forest Reserve   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Ton Nga Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 45094 Thailand  
Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra World Heritage Site 6412694 Indonesia      
Ulu Muda Forest Reserve   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Dermacentor steini[2]
Paranoplocephala indica <Unverified Name>[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Artis Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Center for Conserv. of Trop. Ungulates
 indicus
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
City of Belfast Zoo
Copenhagen Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
El Paso Zoo
 indicus
Ellen Trout Zoo
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
 indicus
Jackson Zoological Park
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Louisville Zoological Garden
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Melbourne Zoo
Miami Metrozoo
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Mountain View Conservation & Breeding
 indicus
Nagoya Higashiyama Zoo
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Port Lympne Wild Animal Park
 indicus
Ragunan Zoological Park
Rotterdam Zoo
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Parkindicus
San Diego Zoo
 indicus
Sedgwick County Zoo
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Songkhla Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Taronga Zoo
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Toronto Zoo
Twycross Zoo
Virginia Zoological Park
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
 indicus
Yokohama Zool. Gardens
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Melaka
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Parc Overloon
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoological Society of London

Range Map

Link to Map
Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , in Catalog of Life 2011
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2. 3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011