> Dicerorhinus sumatrensis
Dicerorhinus sumatrensis (Sumatran rhinoceros)
Synonyms: Rhinoceros crossii
The Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) is a member of the family Rhinocerotidae and one of five extant rhinoceroses. It is the only extant species of the genus Dicerorhinus. It is the smallest rhinoceros, although is still a large mammal. This rhino stands 112–145 cm ( ) high at the shoulder, with a head-and-body length of 2.36–3.18 m ( ) and a tail of 35–70 cm ( ).
This two-horned rhino is the smallest and most threatened of the five living rhinoceros species. It is sometimes referred to as the hairy rhino because of the long coarse hair that covers its body. The species leads a solitary life deep in the rainforests of South East Asia, where it has survived virtually unchanged for a million years. Sadly, human activities have brought the species to brink of extinction. Extensive deforestation and poaching for the horn have caused a dramatic decline in rhino numbers, and it is estimated that fewer than 275 individuals survive today in very small and highly fragmented populations.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0)
Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 28.79
EDGE Score: 6.17
|Adult Weight  ||1.39 tons (1,260.00 kg)|
|Birth Weight  ||50.71 lbs (23.00 kg)|
|Female Maturity  ||7 years 6 months|
|Diet  ||Herbivore|
|Gestation  ||7 months 26 days|
|Litter Size  ||1|
|Litters / Year  ||0|
|Maximum Longevity  ||33 years|
|Top 100 Endangered  ||Yes|
|Weaning  ||1 year 4 months|
Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand
Institutions (Zoos, etc.)
Species recognized by Grubb P., 2013-11-04, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org
> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by ♦ 1
de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits.
Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 ♦ 2
Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org ♦ 3
Baillie, J.E.M. & Butcher, E. R. (2012) Priceless or Worthless? The world’s most threatened species.
Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom. ♦ 4The Mineral Content of Food Plants of the Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) in Danum Valley, Sabah, Malaysia
, Yook Heng Lee, Robert B. Steubing, Abdul Hamid Ahmad, BIOTROPICA 25(3): 352-355 (1993)
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas
in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment
at the University of California, Davis
and numerous collaborators
Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation
. Science, 342, 803–805
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.