Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Perissodactyla > Rhinocerotidae > Dicerorhinus > Dicerorhinus sumatrensis
 

Dicerorhinus sumatrensis (Sumatran rhinoceros)

Synonyms: Rhinoceros crossii

Wikipedia Abstract

The Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) is a member of the family Rhinocerotidae and one of five extant rhinoceroses. It is the only extant species of the genus Dicerorhinus. It is the smallest rhinoceros, although is still a large mammal. This rhino stands 112–145 cm ( ) high at the shoulder, with a head-and-body length of 2.36–3.18 m ( ) and a tail of 35–70 cm ( ).
View Wikipedia Record: Dicerorhinus sumatrensis

Infraspecies

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Dicerorhinus sumatrensis

EDGE Analysis

This two-horned rhino is the smallest and most threatened of the five living rhinoceros species. It is sometimes referred to as the ‘hairy rhino’ because of the long coarse hair that covers its body. The species leads a solitary life deep in the rainforests of South East Asia, where it has survived virtually unchanged for a million years. Sadly, human activities have brought the species to brink of extinction. Extensive deforestation and poaching for the horn have caused a dramatic decline in rhino numbers, and it is estimated that fewer than 275 individuals survive today in very small and highly fragmented populations.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
14
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
84
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 28.79
EDGE Score: 6.17
View EDGE Record: Dicerorhinus sumatrensis

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.39 tons (1,260.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  50.71 lbs (23.00 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  7 years 6 months
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Gestation [1]  7 months 26 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  0
Maximum Longevity [1]  33 years
Top 100 Endangered [3]  Yes
Weaning [1]  1 year 4 months

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo montane rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran tropical pine forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park II 836773 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Shwe U Daung Reserve Wildlife Sanctuary III 21583 Myanmar  
Tabin Wildlife Reserve IV 275051 Sabah, Malaysia  
Taman Negara National Park II 1122273 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra World Heritage Site 6412694 Indonesia      
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand Yes

Prey / Diet

Aglaia elaeagnoidea[4]
Kopsia dasyrachis[4]
Macaranga beccariana[4]
Mallotus wrayi[4]
Popowia tomentosa[4]
Psychotria woodii[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
White Oak Conservation Center

Range Map

Link to Map
Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Grubb P., 2013-11-04, in Catalog of Life 2011
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Baillie, J.E.M. & Butcher, E. R. (2012) Priceless or Worthless? The world’s most threatened species. Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom. 4The Mineral Content of Food Plants of the Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) in Danum Valley, Sabah, Malaysia, Yook Heng Lee, Robert B. Steubing, Abdul Hamid Ahmad, BIOTROPICA 25(3): 352-355 (1993)
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011