> Rhinoceros sondaicus
Rhinoceros sondaicus (Javan rhinoceros)
The Javan rhinoceros (more precisely Sunda rhinoceros) or lesser one-horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus) is a member of the family Rhinocerotidae and one of five extant rhinoceroses. It belongs to the same genus as the Indian rhinoceros, and has similar mosaicked skin which resembles armor, but at 3.1–3.2 m (10–10.5 feet) in length and 1.4–1.7 m (4.6–5.8 ft) in height, it is smaller (in fact, it is closer in size to the black rhinoceros of the genus Diceros).
With fewer than 60 individuals remaining, the Javan rhino is the rarest of all the living rhinoceros species. It has a single horn and deeply folded skin that resembles armour plating. Like other rhinos, the species eats plants and spends most of its time wallowing in pools of mud to keep cool. Two subspecies exist, one in Vietnam and the other in Java. Both have been reduced to a single population as a result of extensive habitat loss and poaching for their horns. Although these populations are now protected in national parks, they remain at risk from poaching, and the small population sizes mean that they are extremely vulnerable to disease and natural disasters.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0)
Unique & Vulnerable (100)
|Adult Weight  ||1.93 tons (1,750.00 kg)|
|Female Maturity  ||3 years 6 months|
|Gestation  ||1 year 4 months|
|Litter Size  ||1|
|Litters / Year  ||0|
|Top 100 Endangered  ||Yes|
|Weaning  ||1 year 6 months|
Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites
Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam
Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand
Species recognized by Grubb P., 2013-11-04, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org
> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.