Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Suidae > Phacochoerus > Phacochoerus aethiopicus

Phacochoerus aethiopicus (desert warthog)

Wikipedia Abstract

The desert warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus) is a species of even-toed ungulate in the pig family (Suidae), found in northern Kenya and Somalia, and possibly Djibouti, Eritrea, and Ethiopia. This is the range of the extant subspecies, commonly known as the Somali warthog (P. a. delamerei). Another subspecies, commonly known as the Cape warthog (P. a. aethiopicus), became extinct around 1865, but formerly occurred in South Africa.
View Wikipedia Record: Phacochoerus aethiopicus


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 21.66
EDGE Score: 3.12


Adult Weight [1]  156.53 lbs (71.00 kg)
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  10 %
Diet - Plants [2]  80 %
Diet - Scavenger [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Nocturnal [2]  Yes


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Diawling National Park II 163983 Mauritania  
Dinder National Park II 2088300 Sudan  
Foret Classee de la Mare Aux Hippopotames Bird Reserve IV 37906 Burkina Faso  
Garamba National Park II 1237963 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Itala Game Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve II 72822 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Lake Manyara National Park II 78767 Tanzania  
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  
Moremi Game Reserve IV 1214686 Botswana  
Nechisar National Park II 256137 Ethiopia  
Omo Strict Natural Reserve Forest Reserve 328086 Nigeria  
Parc National de la Benoue National Park II 414262 Cameroon  
Parc National de la Boucle du Baoule National Park II 977883 Mali  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de Waza National Park II 349858 Cameroon  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Radom National Park II   Sudan  
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Monts Nimba Biosphere Reserve 358797 Guinea  
Reserve Forestiere et de Faune du Dja Wildlife Reserve IV 1551322 Cameroon  
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No


Panthera leo (Lion)[3]


Parasitized by 
Amblyomma hebraeum (Bont tick)[4]
Amblyomma marmoreum (South African Tortoise tick)[4]
Ascaris phacochoeri <Unverified Name>[5]
Choerocotyle epuluensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Cooperia hungi <Unverified Name>[5]
Daubneyia oldi <Unverified Name>[5]
Delopsylla crassipes[6]
Echidnophaga larina[4]
Echinococcus granulosus[5]
Gastrodiscus aegyptiacus <Unverified Name>[5]
Haematopinus phacochoeri[4]
Hyalomma truncatum (Shiny Hyalomma)[4]
Impalaia tuberculata <Unverified Name>[5]
Moeopsylla sjoestedti[4]
Moniezia mettami <Unverified Name>[5]
Murshidia hamata <Unverified Name>[5]
Murshidia pugnicaudata <Unverified Name>[5]
Mycobacterium bovis (Bovine tuberculosis)[4]
Neotunga inexpectata[6]
Oesophagostomum eurycephalum <Unverified Name>[5]
Oesophagostomum mocambiquei <Unverified Name>[5]
Oesophagostomum mpwapwae <Unverified Name>[5]
Oesophagostomum mwanzae <Unverified Name>[5]
Oesophagostomum simpsoni <Unverified Name>[5]
Oesophagostomum yorkei <Unverified Name>[5]
Onchocerca ramachandrini <Unverified Name>[5]
Ornithodoros porcinus[4]
Phacocoerostrongylus hylochoeri <Unverified Name>[5]
Physocephalus sexalatus[5]
Probstmayria vivipara[5]
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (Brown ear tick)[4]
Rhipicephalus decoloratus (African blue tick)[4]
Rhipicephalus follis (Karoo brown tick)[4]
Rhipicephalus lunulatus[4]
Rhipicephalus maculatus[4]
Rhipicephalus muehlensi (Nyala tick)[4]
Rhipicephalus simus (Glossy tick)[4]
Rhipicephalus zambeziensis (Lowveld brown ear tick)[4]
Setaria congolensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Taenia acinonyxi <Unverified Name>[5]
Taenia crocutae <Unverified Name>[5]
Taenia hyaenae <Unverified Name>[5]
Taenia regis <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichinella nelsoni <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[5]
Trichostrongylus deflexus[5]
Trichostrongylus falculatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichostrongylus hypsokysta <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichostrongylus instabilis <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichostrongylus thomasi[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Moscow Zoological Park
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Singapore Zoological Gardens

Range Map

Africa; Tsavo National Park;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Felisa A. Smith, S. Kathleen Lyons, S. K. Morgan Ernest, Kate E. Jones, Dawn M. Kaufman, Tamar Dayan, Pablo A. Marquet, James H. Brown, and John P. Haskell. 2003. Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Panthera leo, Sarah K. Haas, Virginia Hayssen, and Paul R. Krausman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 762, pp. 1–11 (2005)
4Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
6International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access