Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Suidae > Phacochoerus > Phacochoerus africanus
 

Phacochoerus africanus (warthog)

Wikipedia Abstract

The common warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) is a wild member of the pig family (Suidae) found in grassland, savanna, and woodland in sub-Saharan Africa. In the past, it was commonly treated as a subspecies of P. aethiopicus, but today that scientific name is restricted to the desert warthog of northern Kenya, Somalia, and eastern Ethiopia.
View Wikipedia Record: Phacochoerus africanus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
10
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
36
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 21.66
EDGE Score: 3.12

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  220.46 lbs (100.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  1.46 lbs (660 g)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 7 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 7 months
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  10 %
Diet - Plants [2]  80 %
Diet - Scavenger [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  5 months 14 days
Litter Size [1]  3
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  21 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Speed [3]  35.99 MPH (16.09 m/s)
Weaning [1]  84 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East African montane moorlands Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namib desert Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Rwenzori-Virunga montane moorlands Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Addo Elephant National Park II 348463 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Mamili National Park II 83904 Namibia  
Mkhaya Game Reserve   Swaziland  
Namib-Naukluft National Park II 12585619 Namibia  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Prey / Diet

Heteropogon contortus (tangelhead)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Camelus dromedarius (dromedary)1
Connochaetes taurinus (blue wildebeest)1
Equus zebra (mountain zebra)1
Hippopotamus amphibius (hippopotamus)1
Kobus ellipsiprymnus (waterbuck)1
Ourebia ourebi (oribi)1
Redunca arundinum (southern reedbuck)1
Redunca redunca (Bohar reedbuck)1
Syncerus caffer (African buffalo)1

Predators

Panthera leo (Lion)[5]
Panthera pardus (Leopard)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ascaris phacochoeri <Unverified Name>[6]
Gastrodiscus aegyptiacus <Unverified Name>[6]
Haematopinus phacochoeri[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
Albuquerque Biological Park
 sundevallii
Badoca Safari Park
Burger's Zoo
Caldwell Zoo
Chicago Zoological Park
Colchester Zoo
Dallas Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Dickerson Park Zoo
Disney's Animal Kingdom
 sundevallii
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
Emerald Safari Resortsundevallii
Erie Zoological Gardens
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fresno Chaffee Zoosundevallii
Honolulu Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Indianapolis Zoo
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
John Ball Zoological Garden
Kansas City Zoo
Lichtenburg Game Breeding Centersundevallii
Longleat Safari Park
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Louisville Zoological Garden
Marwell Wildlife
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquariumsundevallii
Miami Metrozoo
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centresundevallii
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Montgomery Zoo
North of England Zoological Society
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Oakland Zoo
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Oklahoma City Zoological Parksundevallii
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Ouwehand Zoo
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parque de la Naturaleza de Cabarceno
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Phoenix Zoo
Potawatomi Zoo
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Roosevelt Park Zoo
Rotterdam Zoo
Safari de Peaugres
Safari West
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Parkaeliani
 sundevallii
San Diego Zoosundevallii
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Sedgwick County Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoosundevallii
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
Thoiry Zoological Park
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Toronto Zoo
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Wildlife World Zoo
 sundevallii
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoological Society of London
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg

Range Map

Africa;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Seasonal variation in the diets of Bohor reedbuck, waterbuck and wildebeest in a moist dystrophic savanna in Tanzania, Stephanie Halsdorf, Bettina Gutbrodt, Harry Olde Venterink, Werner Suter, Peter J. Edwards, Doctoral Dissertation, ETH ZURICH, 2011
5Predator–prey size relationships in an African large-mammal food web, Norman Owen-Smith and M. G. L. Mills, Journal of Animal Ecology Volume 77, Issue 1, Pages 173-183
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access