Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Suidae > Potamochoerus > Potamochoerus porcus
 

Potamochoerus porcus (red river hog)

Wikipedia Abstract

The red river hog (Potamochoerus porcus), also known as the bush pig (but not to be confused with P. larvatus, common name "bushpig"), is a wild member of the pig family living in Africa, with most of its distribution in the Guinean and Congolian forests. It is rarely seen away from rainforests, and generally prefers areas near rivers or swamps.Red river hogs eat grasses, berries, roots, insects, molluscs, small vertebrates and carrion, and are capable of causing damage to plantations.
View Wikipedia Record: Potamochoerus porcus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
31
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 14.8
EDGE Score: 2.76

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  194.01 lbs (88.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  1.71 lbs (775 g)
Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Male Maturity [1]  3 years
Gestation [1]  4 months 2 days
Litter Size [1]  3
Maximum Longevity [1]  22 years
Weaning [1]  3 months 1 day

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Congolian lowland forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Niger transition forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Niger Delta swamp forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nigerian lowland forests Nigeria, Benin Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bia National Park II 76804 Ghana    
Dinder National Park II 2088300 Sudan  
Gombe National Park II 8799 Tanzania
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
La Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d' Ankarafantsika National Park II 335701 Madagascar  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  
Mount Kenya Biosphere Reserve II 146694 Kenya
Nechisar National Park II 256137 Ethiopia  
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
Omo Strict Natural Reserve Forest Reserve 328086 Nigeria  
Parc National d'Odzala National Park II 3423581 Congo  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de la Montagne d'Ambre National Park II 56324 Madagascar
Parc National de Tai National Park II 1085310 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Radom National Park II   Sudan  
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andringitra National Park II 76961 Madagascar
Reserve de la Biosphere des Monts Nimba Biosphere Reserve 358797 Guinea  
Reserve Forestiere et de Faune du Dja Wildlife Reserve IV 1551322 Cameroon  
Reserve Naturelle Integrale d'Ipassa-Makokou Biosphere Reserve 37066 Gabon  
Salonga National Park II 8300948 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Takamanda National Park II 167041 Cameroon  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No

Prey / Diet

Anas capensis (Cape Teal)[2]
Ficus sur (Cape fig)[3]
Gilbertiodendron dewevrei[4]
Pygeum africanum (Red Stinkwood)[4]
Steatomys pratensis (fat mouse)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aonyx capensis (African Clawless Otter)1
Asio capensis (Marsh Owl)2
Atelerix albiventris (Four-toed Hedgehog)1
Buccanodon duchaillui (Yellow-spotted Barbet)1
Bucorvus leadbeateri (Southern Ground Hornbill)1
Bycanistes brevis (Silvery-cheeked Hornbill)1
Bycanistes bucinator (Trumpeter Hornbill)1
Bycanistes subcylindricus (Grey-cheeked Hornbill)1
Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)1
Cercopithecus ascanius (black-cheeked white-nosed monkey)1
Cercopithecus mitis (blue monkey)1
Cercopithecus pogonias (crowned guenon)1
Chlorocichla laetissima (Joyful Greenbul)1
Colobus guereza (Guereza)1
Dendroaspis polylepis (Black Mamba)2
Eupodotis senegalensis (White-bellied Bustard)1
Eurillas curvirostris (Plain Greenbul)1
Eurillas latirostris (Yellow-whiskered Greenbul)1
Glaucidium perlatum (Pearl-spotted Owlet)2
Gorilla gorilla (gorilla)1
Haliaeetus vocifer (African Fish Eagle)1
Heliosciurus rufobrachium (red-legged sun squirrel)1
Helogale parvula (Common Dwarf Mongoose)1
Lamprotornis nitens (Cape Starling)1
Leptailurus serval (Serval)2
Leptoptilos crumeniferus (Marabou Stork)2
Lybius torquatus (Black-collared Barbet)1
Lycaon pictus (African wild dog)1
Micropteropus pusillus (Peters's dwarf epauletted fruit bat)1
Necrosyrtes monachus (Hooded Vulture)2
Oriolus brachyrynchus (Western Oriole)1
Otocyon megalotis (Bat-eared Fox)1
Otolemur crassicaudatus (greater galago)2
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)1
Panthera pardus (Leopard)1
Philantomba monticola (blue duiker)1
Phyllastrephus cabanisi (Cabanis's Greenbul)1
Phylloscopus budongoensis (Uganda Woodland Warbler)1
Phylloscopus trochilus (Willow Warbler)1
Ploceus bicolor (Dark-backed Weaver)1
Ploceus nigricollis (Black-necked Weaver)1
Poecilogale albinucha (African Striped Weasel)2
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)1
Psammophis angolensis (Dwarf Sand Snake)1
Pteropus voeltzkowi (Pemba flying fox)1
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)1
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)1
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)1
Tachybaptus ruficollis (Little Grebe)1
Tauraco corythaix (Knysna Turaco)1
Tockus alboterminatus (Crowned Hornbill)1
Tockus nasutus epirhinus (South African grey hornbill)1
Torgos tracheliotus (lappet-faced vulture)2
Treron calvus (African Green Pigeon)1
Varanus niloticus (Nile Monitor, Water Leguaan)2
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)1

Predators

Panthera leo (Lion)[2]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amblyomma hebraeum (Bont tick)[5]
Gaigeria pachyscelis <Unverified Name>[6]
Gastrodiscus aegyptiacus <Unverified Name>[6]
Haemaphysalis parmata[5]
Haematomyzus porci[5]
Haematopinus latus[5]
Moeopsylla sjoestedti[7]
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (Brown ear tick)[5]
Rhipicephalus follis (Karoo brown tick)[5]
Rhipicephalus maculatus[5]
Rhipicephalus muehlensi (Nyala tick)[5]
Rhipicephalus simus (Glossy tick)[5]
Rhipicephalus zumpti[5]
Taenia solium <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Albuquerque Biological Park
Alexandria Zoological Park
Audubon Zoo
Beale Parkpictus
Binder Park Zoo
 pictus
Blackpool Zoopictus
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Gardenpictus
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Cango Wildlife Ranchpictus
Center for Conserv. of Trop. Ungulates
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeronpictus
Charles Paddock Zoo
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Chicago Zoological Park
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
 pictus
City of Belfast Zoopictus
Colchester Zoopictus
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Dallas Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
 pictus
Dierenpark Emmenpictus
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trustpictus
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoopictus
Emerald Safari Resortpictus
Exmoor Zoological Parkpictus
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zoopictus
Howletts Wild Animal Parkpictus
Jackson Zoological Park
Johannesburg Zoological Gardenspictus
Kansas City Zoo
Knowsley Safari Parkpictus
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunnpictus
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodzpictus
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plockpictus
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Moscow Zoological Parkpictus
Mountain View Conservation & Breeding
Mulhouse Zoopictus
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africapictus
North Carolina Zoological Park
North of England Zoological Societypictus
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Parkpictus
Parc Paradisio S.A.
 pictus
Parc Zoologique d'Amnevillepictus
Peoria Zoo in Glen Oak Park
Port Lympne Wild Animal Parkpictus
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safaripictus
Rotterdam Zoopictus
Sacramento Zoo
Safari de Peaugrespictus
Safari West
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunnpictus
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
Sedgwick County Zoo
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Skaerup Mini Zoopictus
Tallinn Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
The Naples Zoo
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnbergpictus
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbHpictus
Toronto Zoo
Touroparcpictus
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.pictus
Virginia Zoological Park
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munsterpictus
Whipsnade Wild Animal Parkpictus
Woburn Safari Parkpictus
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Yokohama Zool. Gardens
Yorkshire Wildlife Parkpictus
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)pictus
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)pictus
Zoo de La Flechepictus
Zoo Duisburg AGpictus
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.pictus
Zoo Krefeld GmbHpictus
Zoo Landau in der Pfalz
Zoo Osnabrückpictus
Zoological Garden Praguepictus
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublinpictus
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburgpictus
Zoologischer Garten Saarbrueckenpictus
Zoologischer Garten Schmidingpictus
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertalpictus

Range Map

Africa; Takamanda Forest Reserve;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2The Serengeti food web: empirical quantification and analysis of topological changes under increasing human impact, Sara N. de Visser, Bernd P. Freymann and Han Olff, Journal of Animal Ecology 2011, 80, 484–494 3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2. 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 7International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access