Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Hippopotamidae > Hippopotamus > Hippopotamus amphibius
 

Hippopotamus amphibius (hippopotamus)

Wikipedia Abstract

The hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), or hippo, from the ancient Greek for "river horse" (ἱπποπόταμος), is a large, mostly herbivorous mammal in sub-Saharan Africa, and one of only two extant species in the family Hippopotamidae (the other is the pygmy hippopotamus). After the elephant and rhinoceros, the hippopotamus is the third largest type of land mammal and the heaviest extant artiodactyl.
View Wikipedia Record: Hippopotamus amphibius

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
16
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
64
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 32.92
EDGE Score: 4.91

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  4.13 tons (3,750.00 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  88.19 lbs (40.00 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  3 years 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  3 years 6 months
Diet [1]  Herbivore
Gestation [2]  7 months 24 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  61 years
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams
Weaning [2]  11 months 11 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central African mangroves Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial, Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Mangroves    
Central Congolian lowland forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Cross-Niger transition forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African mangroves Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia Afrotropic Mangroves
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Guinean mangroves Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire Afrotropic Mangroves
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Niger Delta swamp forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nigerian lowland forests Nigeria, Benin Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Africa mangroves South Africa, Mozambique Afrotropic Mangroves
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Foret Classee de la Mare Aux Hippopotames Bird Reserve IV 37906 Burkina Faso  
Garamba National Park II 1237963 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Lake Manyara National Park II 78767 Tanzania  
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Mamili National Park II 83904 Namibia  
Mkhaya Game Reserve   Swaziland  
Nechisar National Park II 256137 Ethiopia  
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
Parc National d'Odzala National Park II 3423581 Congo  
Parc National de la Benoue National Park II 414262 Cameroon  
Parc National de la Boucle du Baoule National Park II 977883 Mali  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de Tai National Park II 1085310 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Radom National Park II   Sudan  
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  
Reserve Floristique de Yangambi Strict Nature Reserve Ia 183742 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Reserve Forestiere et de Faune du Dja Wildlife Reserve IV 1551322 Cameroon  
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Emblem of

Togo

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ascaris hippopotami <Unverified Name>[3]
Buxifrons buxifrons <Unverified Name>[3]
Buxifrons maxima <Unverified Name>[3]
Carmyerius cruciformis <Unverified Name>[3]
Carmyerius endopapillatus <Unverified Name>[3]
Carmyerius schoutedeni <Unverified Name>[3]
Cotylophoron cotylophorum <Unverified Name>[3]
Echinococcus granulosus[3]
Fasciola nyanzae <Unverified Name>[3]
Gigantoatrium gigantoatrium <Unverified Name>[3]
Gigantocotyle duplicitestorum <Unverified Name>[3]
Gigantocotyle gigantocotyle <Unverified Name>[3]
Gigantrium gigantoatrium <Unverified Name>[3]
Glyptamphistoma paradoxum <Unverified Name>[3]
Leptospira interrogans[4]
Macropharynx sudanensis <Unverified Name>[3]
Mammomonogamus hippopotami <Unverified Name>[3]
Nilocotyle circularis <Unverified Name>[3]
Nilocotyle duplisphinctris <Unverified Name>[3]
Nilocotyle gigantoatrium <Unverified Name>[3]
Nilocotyle hepaticae <Unverified Name>[3]
Nilocotyle hippopotami <Unverified Name>[3]
Nilocotyle leiperi <Unverified Name>[3]
Nilocotyle microatrium <Unverified Name>[3]
Nilocotyle minuta <Unverified Name>[3]
Nilocotyle paradoxus <Unverified Name>[3]
Nilocotyle polycladiformae <Unverified Name>[3]
Nilocotyle praesphinctris <Unverified Name>[3]
Nilocotyle pygmaea <Unverified Name>[3]
Nilocotyle sellsi <Unverified Name>[3]
Nilocotyle wagandi <Unverified Name>[3]
Oculotrema hippopotami <Unverified Name>[3]
Ogmocotyle africanum <Unverified Name>[3]
Platyamphistoma polycladiforme <Unverified Name>[3]
Schistosoma hippopotami <Unverified Name>[3]
Sellsitrema sellsi <Unverified Name>[3]
Stephanofilaria thelazioides <Unverified Name>[3]
Taenia amphibia <Unverified Name>[3]
Toxocara hippopotami <Unverified Name>[3]
Ugandocotyle pisum <Unverified Name>[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Adventure Aquarium
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
African Safari
Al Ain Zoo
Albuquerque Biological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
 amphibius
Auckland Zoological Park
Bannerghatta Biological Park
Bhagwan Birsa Munda Biological Park
Birmingham Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Chicago Zoological Park
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Copenhagen Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Dickerson Park Zoo
Dierenpark Emmen
Disney's Animal Kingdom
 kiboko
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
Ellen Trout Zoo
 kiboko
Emerald Safari Resort
Flamingo Land LTD
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Giza Zoological Garden
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Honolulu Zoo
International Animal Exchange, Inc.
 kiboko
Izmir Zoo / Izmir Dogal Yasam Parki
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kanpur Zoological Park
Kansas City Zoo
 kiboko
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kyiv Zoological Park
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Longleat Safari Park
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zookiboko
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Mesker Park Zoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Nagoya Higashiyama Zoo
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
National Trust for Nature Conservation
Nehru Zoological Park
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
 amphibius
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Oregon Zoo
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parco Natura Viva
Parco Zoo di Falconara
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Parque de la Naturaleza de Cabarceno
Parque Zoologico Jaime Duque - Bogota
Parque Zoologico Nacional, ZOODOM
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Planete Sauvage
Riga Zoo
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Safari de Peaugres
Saint Louis Zoological Park
 kiboko
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Zoo
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Sedgwick County Zoo
Silesian Zoological Garden
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
Songkhla Zoo
Sri Chamarajendra Zoo (Mysore Zoo)
Taipei Zoo
Tbilisi Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
 kiboko
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Thoiry Zoological Park
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Topeka Zoological Park
Toronto Zoo
Touroparcamphibius
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Veermata Jijabai Bhosle Udyan & Zoo
Werribee Open Range Zoo
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltd
Western Plains Zoo
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wildlife Safari Inc
Wilhelma Zoo
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
 amphibius
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublin
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologischer Garten Basel
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt

Range Map

Link to Map
Africa; Tsavo National Park;

Audio

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Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Grubb P., 2004-04-22, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 4Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2