Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Camelidae > Camelus > Camelus bactrianus

Camelus bactrianus (Bactrian camel)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) is a large, even-toed ungulate native to the steppes of Central Asia. The Bactrian camel has two humps on its back, in contrast to the single-humped dromedary camel. Its population of two million exists mainly in the domesticated form. Some authorities, notably the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), use the binomial name Camelus ferus for the wild Bactrian camel and reserve Camelus bactrianus for the domesticated Bactrian camel. Their name comes from the ancient historical region of Bactria.
View Wikipedia Record: Camelus bactrianus


Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Camelus bactrianus


Adult Weight [1]  1,047.20 lbs (475.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  79.37 lbs (36.00 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  3 years 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  3 years 6 months
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Emoji [3]  bactrian camel
Gestation [1]  1 year 1 month
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  35 years
Weaning [1]  10 months 19 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qaidam Basin semi-desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Prey / Diet

Alhagi maurorum (camelthorn)[4]
Salicornia andina (shrubby swampfire)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Francolinus francolinus (Black Francolin)1


Parasitized by 
Camelostrongylus mentulatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Echinococcus granulosus[5]
Fasciola hepatica (common liver fluke)[5]
Haemonchus longistipes <Unverified Name>[5]
Impalaia nudicollis <Unverified Name>[5]
Nematodirus oiratianus <Unverified Name>[5]
Onchocerca fasciata <Unverified Name>[5]
Onchocerca gibsoni <Unverified Name>[5]
Physocephalus sexalatus[5]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[6]
Taenia solium <Unverified Name>[5]
Thelazia leesei <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichostrongylus colubriformis[5]
Trichostrongylus subtilis <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichuris skrjabini <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
AB Furuviksparken
Albuquerque Biological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Artis Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoodomestic
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Blaavand Zoo
Blackpool Zoo
Blair Drummond Safari Park
Bowmanville Zoological Park
Bramble Park Zoo
Bronx Children's Zoodomestic
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Chahinkapa Zoo
Chicago Zoological Park
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Cologne Zoodomestic
Copenhagen Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Dakota Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Dierenrijk Europa
DSI Givskud Zoo
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Flamingo Land LTD
Folly Farm Leisure Ltd
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Giza Zoological Garden
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Helsinki Zoo
Henry Vilas Zoo
Highland Wildlife Park
IAE - African Safari Wildlife Park
International Animal Exchange, Inc.
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Kharkiv Zoo
Kittenberger Zoo
Knowsley Safari Park
Knuthenborg Safaripark
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASA
Kyiv Zoological Park
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Lee Richardson Zoo
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Longleat Safari Park
Manor House Wildlife Park
Marwell Wildlife
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Mesker Park Zoo
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrpark
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Moscow Zoological Park
Mulhouse Zoo
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Neunkircher Zoologischer Garten GmbH
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Noah's Ark Zoo Farm
Nogeyama Zoological Gardens Yokohama
North of England Zoological Society
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Odense Zoologiske Have
Odsherreds Zoo Dyrepark A/S
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Ouwehand Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
Parc Safari / F.A.P.S.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parc Zoologique de Tregomeur
Parco Natura Viva
Parco Zoo di Falconara
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque de la Naturaleza de Cabarceno
Permskii Zoologicheskii Saddomestic
Planete Sauvage
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Potawatomi Zoo
Potter Park Zoological Gardensdomestic
Pueblo Zoo
Red River Zoo
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Riga Zoo
Riverview Park & Zoo
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Roosevelt Park Zoo
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Rotterdam Zoo
Safari de Peaugresdomestic
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Saint Louis Zoological Parkdomestic
Saitama Children's Zoo
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Scovill Zoo
Silesian Zoological Garden
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
Szeged Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tautphaus Park Zoo
The Wilds
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurtdomestic
Tiergarten Bernburg
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Tierwelt Herbersteindomestic
Toronto Zoo
Twycross Zoo
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Utica Zoo
Virginia Safari Park & Preserv Ctr,Inc
Welsh Mountain Zoo
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltd
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife Safari Inc
Wilhelma Zoo
Woburn Safari Park
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Yorkshire Wildlife Park
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo of Acadiana
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Parc Overloon
Zoo Safari Swierkocin
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien
Zoo Zürich
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka Zahrada Kosice
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurtdomestic
Zoologischer Garten Saarbrueckendomestic


Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Southern Asia;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Emoji by Twitter is licensed under CC BY 4.0
4FEEDING BEHAVIOUR OF CAMEL REVIEW, Arshad Iqbal & Bakht Baidar Khan, Pak. J. Agri. Sei. Vol. 38 (3-4), 2001, p. 58-63
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
6International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access