Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Camelidae > Camelus > Camelus dromedarius
 

Camelus dromedarius (dromedary)

Wikipedia Abstract

The dromedary (/ˈdrɒmədɛri/ or /-ədri/), also called the Arabian camel (Camelus dromedarius), is a large, even-toed ungulate with one hump on its back. First described by Aristotle, the dromedary was given its binomial name by Carl Linnaeus in 1758. The oldest known ancestor of the dromedary is the Protylopus. Males are 1.8–2 m (5.9–6.6 ft) tall and females are 1.7–1.9 m (5.6–6.2 ft) tall. Males range from 400–600 kg (880–1,320 lb), while females weigh 300–540 kg (660–1,190 lb).
View Wikipedia Record: Camelus dromedarius

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
13
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Not determined do to incomplete vulnerability data.
ED Score: 26.05

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  956.81 lbs (434.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  81.57 lbs (37.00 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Male Maturity [1]  6 years
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Gestation [1]  1 year 1 month
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  28 years
Weaning [1]  1 year 4 months

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Azraq Wetland Reserve IV   Jordan
Purnululu National Park II 604999 Western Australia, Australia
Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park II 332429 Northern Territory, Australia

Emblem of

Eritrea
Jordan
Kuwait

Prey / Diet

Anabasis aretioides[3]
Atriplex halimus (saltbush)[3]
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (Clusterbean)[4]
Heteropogon contortus (tangelhead)[4]
Launaea arborescens[3]
Nucularia perrini[3]
Panicum turgidum (desert grass)[3]
Rhanterium epapposum (Arfaj)[4]
Schoenefeldia gracilis[4]
Senegalia modesta[4]
Sisymbrium septulatum[4]
Stipagrostis pungens (three-awn grass)[3]
Vachellia nilotica (Gum Arabic Tree)[4]
Vachellia tortilis (umbrella thorn)[3]
Vigna aconitifolia (Moth Bean)[4]
Vigna mungo (Black Gram)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Antidorcas marsupialis (springbok)1
Axis axis (chital)1
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)1
Callosobruchus chinensis2
Callosobruchus maculatus (bruchid beetle)2
Connochaetes taurinus (blue wildebeest)1
Equus zebra (mountain zebra)1
Gazella dorcas (Dorcas gazelle)1
Kobus ellipsiprymnus (waterbuck)1
Oryx leucoryx (Arabian oryx)1
Ourebia ourebi (oribi)1
Papio hamadryas (hamadryas baboon)1
Phacochoerus africanus (warthog)1
Redunca arundinum (southern reedbuck)1
Redunca redunca (Bohar reedbuck)1
Syncerus caffer (African buffalo)1
Tragelaphus strepsiceros (greater kudu)1
Zabrotes subfasciatus1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Avitellina centripunctata[5]
Calicophoron microbothrium <Unverified Name>[5]
Camelostrongylus mentulatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Capillaria bovis[5]
Chabertia ovina <Unverified Name>[5]
Cooperia oncophora <Unverified Name>[5]
Dicrocoelium lanceatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Dictyocaulus cameli <Unverified Name>[5]
Dictyocaulus filaria[5]
Dipetalonema evansi <Unverified Name>[5]
Echinococcus granulosus[5]
Eurytrema coelomaticum <Unverified Name>[5]
Eurytrema pancreaticum <Unverified Name>[5]
Fasciola hepatica (common liver fluke)[5]
Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm)[5]
Haemonchus longistipes <Unverified Name>[5]
Marshallagia marshalli <Unverified Name>[5]
Microthoracius cameli[7]
Moniezia benedeni <Unverified Name>[5]
Moniezia expansa (sheep tapeworm)[5]
Multiceps multiceps[5]
Nematodirella cameli <Unverified Name>[5]
Nematodirella longissimespiculata <Unverified Name>[5]
Nematodirus dromedarii <Unverified Name>[5]
Nematodirus mauritanicus <Unverified Name>[5]
Nematodirus oiratianus <Unverified Name>[5]
Nematodirus spathiger[5]
Odilia brachybursa <Unverified Name>[6]
Oesophagostomum venulosum[5]
Onchocerca fasciata <Unverified Name>[5]
Ostertagia trifida <Unverified Name>[5]
Ostertagiella circumcincta <Unverified Name>[5]
Ostertagiella trifurcata <Unverified Name>[5]
Parabronema skrjabini[5]
Physocephalus sexalatus[5]
Stilesia globipunctata <Unverified Name>[5]
Taenia dromedarii <Unverified Name>[5]
Taenia hyaenae <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichocephalus globulosa <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichocephalus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichostrongylus colubriformis[5]
Trichostrongylus probolurus <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichostrongylus subtilis <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichostrongylus vitrinus[5]
Trichuris globulosa[5]
Trichuris lani <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichuris ovis[5]
Trichuris skrjabini <Unverified Name>[5]
Trypanosoma evansi <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
African Safari
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
America's Teaching Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Australia Zoo
Bioparc Valencia
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Bowmanville Zoological Park
Brevard Zoo
Bronx Children's Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Bursa Zoo (Bursa Hayvanat Bahcesi)
Cape May County Park Zoo
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Espace Zoologique la Boissiere du Dore
Forest Park Zoological Society
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Giza Zoological Garden
Gladys Porter Zoo
Great Plains Zoo
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Haifa Zoo & Biological Institute
IAE - African Safari Wildlife Park
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Kansas City Zoo
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kittenberger Zoo
Lehigh Valley Zoo
Lion Country Safari Inc - Florida
Longleat Safari Park
Louisville Zoological Garden
Magnetic Hill Zoo
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Nagoya Higashiyama Zoodomestic
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Neunkircher Zoologischer Garten GmbH
Niabi Zoo
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Oakland Zoo
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
Parc de Lunaret
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parque Zoologico Nacional, ZOODOM
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Peoria Zoo in Glen Oak Park
Phoenix Zoo
 domestic
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Planete Sauvage
Pueblo Zoo
Roger Williams Park Zoo
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Safari de Peaugres
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
Santa Ana Zoo
Sedgwick County Zoo
Silesian Zoological Garden
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
Taipei Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Terra Natura S.A.
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
Thoiry Zoological Park
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Virginia Safari Park & Preserv Ctr,Inc
Werribee Open Range Zoo
Western Plains Zoo
Wildlife World Zoo
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Landau in der Pfalz
Zoo Melaka
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.

Distribution

Africa; Australia; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Camelus dromedarius, Ilse U. Köhler-Rollefson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 375, pp. 1-8 (1991) 4FEEDING BEHAVIOUR OF CAMEL REVIEW, Arshad Iqbal & Bakht Baidar Khan, Pak. J. Agri. Sei. Vol. 38 (3-4), 2001, p. 58-63 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 6Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19 7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
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