Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Camelidae > Lama glama > Lama glama guanicoe

Lama glama guanicoe (guanaco)

Synonyms: Lama guanicoe

Wikipedia Abstract

The guanaco (Lama guanicoe), a camelid native to South America, stands between 1.0 and 1.2 m (3 ft 3 in and 3 ft 11 in) at the shoulder and weighs 90 to 140 kg (200 to 310 lb). Its colour varies very little (unlike the domestic llama), ranging from a light brown to dark cinnamon and shading to white underneath. Guanacos have grey faces and small, straight ears. The name guanaco comes from the South American Quechua word huanaco (modern spelling: wanaku). Young guanacos are called chulengos.
View Wikipedia Record: Lama glama guanicoe

Invasive Species

The guanaco, Lama guanicoe, is a herbivorous, social ungulate that is the direct ancestor of the domestic llama. Native to South America, where it is the dominant ungulate of arid regions and scrubland, L. guanicoe is found in four out of the ten major habitat types found in South America - montane grasslands; desert and xeric shrublands; temperate forest; and grasslands, savannas and shrublands. L. guanicoe has a flexible social organisation, which, along with foraging behaviour and adaptable ecology contibutes to its invasiveness.
View ISSG Record: Lama glama guanicoe


Adult Weight [1]  281.09 lbs (127.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  25.35 lbs (11.50 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Gestation [1]  11 months 5 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  34 years
Weaning [1]  11 months 15 days

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bosques Petrificados Monumental Natural National Monument III 151218 Santa Cruz, Argentina  
Laguna Blanca National Park II 19735 Neuquen, Argentina  
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Los Glaciares National Park II 1329020 Santa Cruz, Argentina
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Parque Nacional Fray Jorge National Park II 22266 Coquimbo, Chile  
Parque Nacional Torres del Paine National Park II 542393 Magallanes, Chile  
Perito Moreno National Park II 234320 Santa Cruz, Argentina  
Reserva de Huascarán National Park II 844711 Ancash, Peru  
Reserva de la Biosfera Araucarias Biosphere Reserve 231866 Chile  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Pozuelos Biosphere Reserve 988422 Argentina  
Reserva de la Biosfera San Guillermo Biosphere Reserve 2446343 Argentina  
Reserva Ecologica de Ñacuñan Ecological Reserve Ia   Argentina  
Reserva Nacional de Fauna Ulla Ulla National Fauna Reserve 559837 Bolivia  
Reserva Nacional Lauca National Park II 349990 Chile  
Teniente Enciso National Park II 102327 Paraguay  
Tierra Del Fuego National Park II 172861 Argentina

Prey / Diet

Euphorbia lactiflua[2]
Nolana peruviana[2]
Oxalis virgosa[2]


Caracara plancus (Southern Crested Caracara)[3]
Phalcoboenus megalopterus (Mountain Caracara)[4]


Parasitized by 
Leptospira interrogans[5]
Sarcoptes scabiei (itch mite)[5]
Tunga penetrans (Chigoe)[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Artis Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Audubon Zoo
Bergen County Zoological Park
Binder Park Zoo
Copenhagen Zoo
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Dierenpark Emmen
DSI Givskud Zoo
Dudley Zoological Gardens
El Paso Zoo
Fossil Rim Wildlife Center
Fota Wildlife Park
Great Plains Zoo
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Helsinki Zoo
IAE - African Safari Wildlife Park
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Knowsley Safari Park
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASA
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Louisville Zoological Garden
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrpark
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Moscow Zoological Park
Municipal Independent Org. Roev Ruchei
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc de Lunaret
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Safari / F.A.P.S.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna AB
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Riga Zoo
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Salisbury Zoological Park
San Diego Zoo
Santa Ana Zoo
Santa Fe CollegeTeaching Zoo
Sedgwick County Zoo
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Silesian Zoological Garden
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Skaerup Mini Zoo
Szeged Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tautphaus Park Zoo
Thoiry Zoological Park
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
Trevor Zoo at Millbrook School
Trotter's World of Animals
Turtle Back Zoo
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Western Plains Zoo
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife Safari Inc
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Yorkshire Wildlife Park
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Zürich
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologischer Garten Saarbruecken
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal

Range Map

South America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Food habits of Lama guanicoe in the Atacama desert of northern Chile, Kenneth J. Raedeke and Javier A. Simonetti, J. Mamm., 69(1):198-201, 1988
3Food habits of the Crested Caracara (Caracara plancus) in the Andean Patagonia: the role of breeding constraints, A. Travaini, J. A. Donázar, O. Ceballos & F. Hiraldo, Journal of Arid Environments (2001) 48: 211–219
5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
6International Flea Database
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access