Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Cervidae > Axis > Axis porcinus
 

Axis porcinus (hog deer)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Indian hog deer (Hyelaphus porcinus) is a small deer whose habitat ranges from Pakistan, through northern India, to mainland southeast Asia, which inhabits much of the Indo-Gangetic Plains of Pakistan, northern India, Nepal, Bangladesh, southwestern Yunnan Province in China, all the way to western Thailand.
View Wikipedia Record: Axis porcinus

Infraspecies

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Axis porcinus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
53
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.2
EDGE Score: 4.18

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  94.80 lbs (43.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  5.58 lbs (2.53 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  10 months 4 days
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  10 %
Diet - Plants [2]  90 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  7 months 22 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  23 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Weaning [1]  6 months 2 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests Myanmar, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests India, Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle temperate forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Thar desert India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Namdapha National Park II   Arunachal Pradesh, India
Phou Khao Khoay National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 447452 Laos  
Pidaung Wildlife Sanctuary III 244241 Myanmar  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Wilson's Promontory National Park II 119279 Victoria, Australia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No

Prey / Diet

Bombax ceiba (red silk cottontree)[4]
Cynodon dactylon (manienie)[4]
Dalbergia sissoo (Indian Rosewood)[4]
Ficus minahassae (clustertree)[5]
Imperata cylindrica (alang-alang)[4]
Mallotus nudiflorus[4]
Saccharum narenga[4]
Saccharum spontaneum (loa)[4]
Vetiveria zizanoides[4]
Ziziphus mauritiana (Indian jujube)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)1
Anthracoceros coronatus (Malabar Pied Hornbill)1
Axis axis (chital)2
Bos frontalis gaurus (gaur)2
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)4
Bubalus mindorensis (tamaraw)1
Caprolagus hispidus (Hispid Hare)2
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)1
Dendrocitta formosae (Grey Treepie)1
Dicaeum erythrorhynchos (Pale-billed Flowerpecker)1
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)1
Hoolock hoolock hoolock (hoolock gibbon)1
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)1
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)1
Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey)1
Macaca nigra (Celebes crested macaque)1
Macaca silenus (liontail macaque)1
Macroglossus minimus (lesser long-tongued fruit bat)1
Macropus fuliginosus (Western Grey Kangaroo)1
Macropus irma (Western Brush Wallaby)1
Megalaima asiatica (Blue-throated Barbet)1
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)1
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)2
Muntiacus muntjak (Indian muntjac)1
Nyctimene robinsoni (Queensland tube-nosed fruit bat)1
Odonaspis australiensis1
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus (Asian Palm Civet)1
Pavo cristatus (Indian Peafowl)1
Platacanthomys lasiurus (Malabar spiny dormouse)1
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)1
Pteropus alecto (black flying fox)1
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)1
Pteropus vampyrus (large flying fox)1
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)2
Pygathrix nemaeus (Douc langur)1
Ratufa indica (Indian giant squirrel)1
Rhinoceros unicornis (Indian rhinoceros)8
Rhyticeros subruficollis (Plain-pouched Hornbill)1
Rucervus duvaucelii (barasingha)6
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)1
Semnopithecus vetulus (purple-faced leaf monkey)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Syconycteris australis (southern blossom bat)1
Trachypithecus pileatus (capped leaf monkey)2
Vulpes bengalensis (Bengal Fox)1
Wallabia bicolor (Swamp Wallaby)1

Predators

Canis lupus (Wolf)[6]
Felis chaus (Jungle Cat)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Dermacentor auratus[7]
Gastrothylax crumenifer <Unverified Name>[8]
Paramphistomoides maplestonei <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Bannerghatta Biological Park
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Societyporcinus
Burger's Zoo
 porcinus
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Indian Veterinary Research Institute
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
 porcinus
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc de Lunaret
San Diego Wild Animal Parkporcinus
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Singapore Zoological Gardensporcinus
Songkhla Zoo
Tata Steel Zoological Park
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbHporcinus
Tygerberg Zoopark
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
 porcinus
Wingham Wildlife Park
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari

Range Map

Australia; Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
4Dry season diets of sympatric ungulates in lowland Nepal: competition and facilitation in alluvial tall grasslands, Per Wegge, Anil K. Shrestha, Stein R. Moe, Ecol Res (2006) 21:698–706
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access