Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Cervidae > Elaphurus > Elaphurus davidianus

Elaphurus davidianus (Père David's deer)

Wikipedia Abstract

Père David's deer (Elaphurus davidianus), also known as the milu (Chinese: 麋鹿; pinyin: mílù) or elaphure, is a species of deer that are mostly found in captivity. This semiaquatic animal prefers marshland, and is native to the subtropics of China. It grazes mainly on grass and aquatic plants. It is the only extant member of the genus Elaphurus. Based on genetic comparisons, Père David's deer is closely related to the deer of the genus Cervus, leading many experts to suggest merging Elaphurus into Cervus, or demoting Elaphurus to a subgenus of Cervus.
View Wikipedia Record: Elaphurus davidianus

Endangered Species

Status: Extinct in the wild
View IUCN Record: Elaphurus davidianus


Adult Weight [1]  411.16 lbs (186.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  24.25 lbs (11.00 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 3 months
Male Maturity [1]  3 years 3 months
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  9 months 18 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  28 years
Weaning [1]  5 months 17 days

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    


Parasitized by 
Capillaria bovis[3]
Spiculopteragia suppereri <Unverified Name>[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Blair Drummond Safari Park
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Denver Zoological Gardens
Emerald Safari Resort
Erie Zoological Gardens
Greater Vancouver Zoo
International Animal Exchange, Inc.
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Knowsley Safari Park
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Lee Richardson Zoo
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Lichtenburg Game Breeding Center
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Longleat Safari Park
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrpark
Moscow Zoological Park
Mountain View Conservation & Breeding
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc Safari / F.A.P.S.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique de Tregomeur
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque de la Naturaleza de Cabarceno
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Silesian Zoological Garden
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
The Wilds
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
Tierwelt Herberstein
Virginia Safari Park & Preserv Ctr,Inc
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltd
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Woburn Safari Park
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal

Range Map

Southern Asia;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access