Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Cervidae > Muntiacus > Muntiacus muntjak
 

Muntiacus muntjak (Indian muntjac)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Indian muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak), also called the red muntjac, common muntjac or barking deer, is the most numerous muntjac deer species. It has soft, short, brownish or greyish hair, sometimes with creamy markings. This species is omnivorous, feeding on grass,fruits, shoots, seeds, birds' eggs as well as small animals. It sometimes displays even scavenging behavior, feeding on carrion.
View Wikipedia Record: Muntiacus muntjak

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
16
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.15
EDGE Score: 1.82

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  46.30 lbs (21.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  2.70 lbs (1.22 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  9 months 2 days
Male Maturity [1]  11 months 2 days
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  30 %
Diet - Plants [2]  70 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  7 months
Litter Size [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  19 years
Weaning [1]  61 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo montane rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests Myanmar, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Java-Bali montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Goadavari-Krishna mangroves India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Kinabalu montane alpine meadows Malaysia Indo-Malayan Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests India, Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle temperate forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka montane rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran tropical pine forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans mangroves Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Thar desert India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Java montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ailaoshan Nature Reserve V 332544 Yunnan, China  
Alaungdaw Kathapa National Park II 421336 Myanmar  
Bach Ma National Park II 54733 Viet Nam
Bandhavgarh National Park II 89210 Madhya Pradesh, India  
Batang Ai National Park II 62638 Sarawak, Malaysia
Bawangling National Nature Reserve V 10693 Hainan, China  
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Bitahai Nature Reserve V 49655 Yunnan, China  
Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park II 836773 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Bukit Kutu Wildlife Reserve IV 4602 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Chail Sanctuary IV 31333 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Churdhar Sanctuary IV 19253 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Cibodas Biosphere Reserve (Gunung Gede-Pangrango) 142165 Java, Indonesia      
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Daweishan Nature Reserve V 122415 Yunnan, China  
Dinghushan Nature Reserve V 2320 Guangdong, China  
Doi Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
Doi Pha Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 144177 Thailand  
Doi Pha Hom Pok Watershed Area National Park II 133848 Thailand  
Doi Suthep-pui National Park II 70007 Thailand  
Eravikulam National Park II 39436 Kerala, India
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Gaoligong Mountain National Nature Reserve V 1245925 Yunnan, China  
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Niut Wildlife Reserve Nature Reserve IV 409109 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Ang Ru Nai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 248699 Thailand  
Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary IV 309428 Thailand  
Khao Khieo-Khao Chomphu Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36570 Thailand  
Khao Lam Pi - Hat Thai Muang National Marine Park II 17646 Thailand
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Nam Phrai Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khaoen Si Nakarin National Park II 459154 Thailand
Khlong Lan National Park II 104466 Thailand
Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary IV 117887 Thailand  
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Krau Wildlife Reserve IV 149823 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Lum Nam Pai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 298416 Thailand  
Mae Ping National Park II 259897 Thailand
Mae Sa-Kog Ma Reserve   Thailand      
Mae Tuen Wildlife Sanctuary IV 307947 Thailand  
Mae Wong National Park II 221459 Thailand
Mae Yom National Park II 123569 Thailand
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Maolan Biosphere Reserve V 79467 Guizhou, China  
Naga Hills Game Reserve   Myanmar      
Nam Kong National Biodiversity Conservation Area   Laos      
Namtok Phlew National Park II 29909 Thailand  
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve 1364022 India  
Om Koi Wildlife Sanctuary IV 299357 Thailand  
Palamau Tiger Reserve National Park II 329056 Bihar, India
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Phu Chong - Na Yoi National Park II 171322 Thailand
Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park II 75377 Thailand
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 227671 Thailand  
Phu Phan National Park II 176082 Thailand
Pidaung Wildlife Sanctuary III 244241 Myanmar  
Pong Lake Sanctuary IV 61391 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Rajiv Gandhi (Nagarahole) National Park II 155253 Karnataka, India  
Sai Yok National Park II 235556 Thailand
Salak Phra Wildlife Sanctuary IV 241622 Thailand  
Salawin National Park II 400497 Thailand
Sanjay Gandhi National Park II 439343 Maharashtra, India
Shwe U Daung Reserve Wildlife Sanctuary III 21583 Myanmar  
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  
Sinharaja Forest Reserve IV 16201 Sri Lanka  
Sri Satchanalai National Park II 54041 Thailand
Sub-lungka Wildlife Sanctuary IV 35543 Thailand  
Taman Negara National Park II 1122273 Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Tamor Pingla Sanctuary IV 148780 Chhattishgarh, India  
Tansa Wildlife Sanctuary IV 51099 Maharashtra, India  
Thap Lan National Park II 550979 Thailand
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Ton Nga Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 45094 Thailand  
Tundah Sanctuary IV 26333 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Ulu Muda Forest Reserve   Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia  
Ulu Temburong National Park II 123279 Brunei Darussalam  
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia
Wilpattu National Park II 320298 Sri Lanka  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Ficus altissima (false banyan)[3]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[3]
Ficus minahassae (clustertree)[3]
Phyllanthus emblica (emblic)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros cassidix (Knobbed Hornbill)2
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)2
Anorrhinus tickelli (Brown Hornbill)2
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)2
Axis axis (chital)2
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)2
Callosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel)2
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)2
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)2
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)2
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)2
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)2
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)2
Elephas maximus (Asiatic Elephant)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)2
Hoolock hoolock hoolock (hoolock gibbon)2
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)3
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)2
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)2
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)3
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)2
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)3
Macaca nigra (Celebes crested macaque)2
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)2
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)2
Megalaima faiostricta (Green-eared Barbet)2
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)2
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)2
Oriolus chinensis (Black-naped Oriole)2
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)3
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)2
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)2
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)2
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)2
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)2
Rusa unicolor (sambar)3
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)2
Sus scrofa (wild boar)2
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)2
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)2
Zosterops palpebrosus (Oriental White-eye)2

Predators

Bubo nipalensis (Spot-bellied Eagle-Owl)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ancistropsylla nepalensis[6]
Ancistropsylla siamensis[6]
Ashworthius tuyenquangi <Unverified Name>[7]
Calicophoron calicophorum[7]
Calicophoron microbothrioides <Unverified Name>[7]
Carmyerius spatiosus <Unverified Name>[7]
Ceylonocotyle scoliocoelium <Unverified Name>[7]
Dermacentor auratus[8]
Dictyocaulus eckerti <Unverified Name>[7]
Fischoederius elongatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Fischoederius japonicus <Unverified Name>[7]
Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm)[7]
Homalogaster paloniae <Unverified Name>[7]
Mecistocirrus digitatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Moniezia expansa (sheep tapeworm)[7]
Oesophagostomum curvatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Ogmocotyle indica <Unverified Name>[7]
Orthocoelium scoliocoelium <Unverified Name>[7]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[6]
Setaria labiatopapillosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Spiculopteragia janseni <Unverified Name>[7]
Spiculopteragia vietnamica <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichocephalus globulosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichocephalus lani <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Bannerghatta Biological Park
Beale Park
Bharat Ratna Pandit Gobind Ballabh
Biological Park Itanagar
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoovaginalis
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
 vaginalis
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Dept. of National Zoological Gardensmalabaricus
Dr. Shivarama Karanth Pilikula Biol.Pk
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Parkmuntjak
Erie Zoological Gardensvaginalis
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Forest Park Zoological Society
 annamensis
Himalayan Nature Park
Himalayan Zoological Park (Sikkim Zoo)
Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden
Khao Kheow Open Zoocurvostylis
Mesker Park Zoo
Miami Metrozoovaginalis
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
National Trust for Nature Conservation
Oakland Zoovaginalis
Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zool. Parkmuntjak
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
 aureus
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Ragunan Zoological Parkmuntjak
Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park
Saint Louis Zoological Parkvaginalis
San Diego Wild Animal Parkvaginalis
San Diego Zoovaginalis
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
 vaginalis
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Sedgwick County Zoovaginalis
Sepahijala Zoological Park
Singapore Zoological Gardens
 pleiharicus
Skaerup Mini Zoo
Songkhla Zoo
Tata Steel Zoological Park
Terra Natura S.A.
Zoo Melakapeninsulae
 pleiharicus
Zoo Negara Malaysia
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari
 peninsulae

Range Map

Indravati Tiger Reserve; Khao Tha Phet Non-hunting Area; Namdapha National Park; Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
4Frugivory of Phyllanthus emblica at Rajaji National Park, northwest India, SOUMYA PRASAD, RAVI CHELLAM, JAGDISH KRISHNASWAMY, S. P. GOYAL, CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 87, NO. 9, 10 NOVEMBER 2004
5Predation by Forest Eagle-Owl Bubo nipalensis on Mouse Deer Moschiola meminna, Nandini R, Indian Birds Vol. 1 No. 5 (September-October 2005), p. 119-120
6International Flea Database
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
8Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access