Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Cervidae > Capreolus > Capreolus capreolus

Capreolus capreolus (western roe deer)

Wikipedia Abstract

The European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), also known as the western roe deer, chevreuil, or roe deer, is a Eurasian species of deer. The male of the species is sometimes referred to as a roebuck. The roe deer is relatively small, reddish and grey-brown, and well-adapted to cold environments. The species is widespread in Europe, from the Mediterranean to Scandinavia and from Britain to the Caucasus. It is distinct from the somewhat larger Siberian roe deer.
View Wikipedia Record: Capreolus capreolus


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.39
EDGE Score: 2.24


Adult Weight [1]  47.77 lbs (21.67 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  2.23 lbs (1.01 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 1 month
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 9 months
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  5 months 3 days
Litter Size [1]  2
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  18 years
Weaning [1]  89 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Adamello Presanella 69894 Italy  
Aksu-Dzhabagly Nature Reserve State Nature Reserve Ia 183489 Kazakhstan  
Alpi Marittime 83205 Italy  
Altaisky Zapovednik Ia 2177587 Altai, Russia
Azas Zapovednik Ia 742280 Tuva, Russia
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Beskid Niski 375518 Poland  
Brenta 73487 Italy  
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve V 619089 Jilin, China  
Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve 141740 Uzbekistan  
Dolina Dolnego Bugu 183624 Poland  
Dolina Dolnej Pilicy 78633 Poland  
Dolina Pilicy 87367 Poland  
Dolina Slupi 92595 Poland  
Dolna Odra 72985 Poland  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Fuentes del Narcea y del Ibias 126128 Spain  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Komsomolsky Zapovednik Ia 159168 Khabarovsk, Russia
Krivoklatsko Protected Landscape Area V 155267 Czech Republic  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
LOS VALLES 79029 Spain  
Lagorai 114140 Italy  
Lake District High Fells 66717 England, United Kingdom
Lasy Janowskie 148846 Poland  
Lazovsky Zapovednik Ia 299030 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Mont Ventoux Biosphere Reserve 198594 France  
Montesinho/Nogueira 266900 Portugal  
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
OROS MAVROVOUNI 91743 Greece  
OROS PILIO 89437 Greece  
OROS VORAS 196334 Greece  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Ostoja Inska 216738 Poland  
Ostoja Nadbuzanska 113759 Poland  
Ostoja Przemyska 97994 Poland  
POSETS - MALADETA 82205 Spain  
Parco Naturale Fanes - Senes - Braies 62896 Italy  
Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio National Park V 333737 Italy
Parco Regionale Orobie Bergamasche 121015 Italy  
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Pirin 99722 Bulgaria  
Ponga- Amieva 69442 Spain  
Ponga-Amieva 69437 Spain  
Promontorio del Gargano 173003 Italy    
Redes 93413 Spain  
Reserva de Grazalema Nature Park V 126034 Spain  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Retezat National Park II 94183 Romania
SIERRA DE AYLLON 225747 Spain  
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
Somiedo Nature Park 71999 Spain  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Studenetz 69315 Bulgaria  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Ubiña-La Mesa 97094 Spain  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Ujscie Odry i Zalew Szczecinski 130007 Poland  
Ultimo - Solda nel Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio 69162 Italy  
VOUNA EVROU 104705 Greece  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    


Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Alnus glutinosa (European alder)[3]
Betula pendula (European white birch)[3]
Betula pubescens (downy birch)[3]
Fagus sylvatica (European beech)[3]
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)[3]
Quercus robur (Pedunculate Oak)[3]
Salix cinerea (large gray willow)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)4
Acleris literana (Sprinkled Rough-wing)3
Acronicta alni (Alder Moth)6
Acronicta leporina (miller)5
Acronicta psi (Grey Dagger Moth)4
Acronicta tridens (Dark Dagger)3
Aethalura punctulata (Grey Birch)3
Amphipyra pyramidea3
Anoplus plantaris3
Apoderus coryli3
Argyresthia goedartella3
Attelabus nitens4
Bison bonasus (European bison)3
Biston betularia (peppered moth)5
Blepharidopterus angulatus (Black-kneed Capsid)3
Byctiscus betulae (Hazel Leaf Roller)4
Cabera exanthemata (Common Wave Moth)3
Cabera pusaria (Common White Wave Moth)4
Calliteara pudibunda (Pale Tussock)3
Campaea margaritata (Light Emerald Moth)4
Chloroclysta miata4
Coccothraustes coccothraustes (Hawfinch)4
Coleophora serratella (birch casebearer)3
Colocasia coryli (Nut-tree Tussock)5
Colotois pennaria (Feathered Thorn)3
Columba oenas (Stock Dove)3
Columba palumbus (Common Wood Pigeon)3
Conistra vaccinii (Chestnut)3
Cosmia trapezina (Dun-bar)4
Cossus cossus (Goat Moth)4
Crocallis elinguaria (Scalloped Oak Moth)4
Cyanistes caeruleus (Blue Tit)3
Cyclophora albipunctata (Birch Mocha)3
Diurnea fagella3
Drepana curvatula (Dusky Hook-tip Moth)4
Drepana falcataria (Pebble Hook-tip)4
Drymonia dodonaea (Marbled Brown)3
Ectropis crepuscularia (small engrailed)3
Electrophaes corylata (Broken-barred Carpet Moth)4
Endromis versicolora (Kentish Glory)3
Erannis defoliaria (Mottled Umber Moth)3
Eriogaster lanestris (Small Eggar)5
Eupsilia transversa (Satellite)3
Fomes fomentarius (Hoof Fungus)3
Furcula bicuspis (Alder Kitten)3
Geometra papilionaria (Large Emerald)4
Graphiphora augur (Double Dart)3
Herminia grisealis (Small Fan-foot)3
Jodis lactearia (Little Emerald)3
Kleidocerys resedae (Birch Catkin Bug)3
Lycia hirtaria (Brindled Beauty Moth)4
Lymantria monacha (Black Arches, Nun Moth)3
Metriotes lutarea3
Ochropacha duplaris (Common Lutestring Moth)4
Odontopera bidentata (Scalloped Hazel)3
Operophtera brumata (winter moth)3
Operophtera fagata (Northern Winter Moth)3
Orgyia antiqua (Rusty Tussock Moth)3
Orthosia incerta (Clouded Drab)3
Pachytodes cerambyciformis3
Pechipogo strigilata3
Phalera bucephala (Buff-tip)6
Phigalia pilosaria (Pale Brindled Beauty)4
Phlogophora meticulosa (Angle Shades Moth)3
Plagodis dolabraria (Scorched Wing)4
Plagodis pulveraria (Barred Umber Moth)4
Poecilocampa populi (December Moth)5
Ptilodon capucina (Coxcomb Prominent)6
Rheumaptera undulata3
Saturnia pavonia (Emperor moth)4
Selenia tetralunaria (Purple Thorn)4
Spinus spinus (Eurasian Siskin)3
Stauropus fagi (Lobster Moth)4
Synanthedon spheciformis (White-barred Clearwing )3
Tettigella alba5
Trichiura crataegi (Pale Eggar)3


Canis lupus (Wolf)[4]
Chrysops caecutiens (Splayed Deer Fly)[3]
Chrysops relictus (Twin-lobed Deer Fly)[3]
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)[3]
Haematopota crassicornis (Black-horned Cleg)[3]
Ixodes ricinus (Deer tick)[3]
Lynx lynx (Eurasian Lynx)[4]
Martes martes (European Pine Marten)[3]
Ochlerotatus punctor <Unverified Name>[3]
Simulium aureum[3]
Tabanus autumnalis (Large Marsh Horse Fly)[3]
Tabanus bovinus (Pale Giant Horse Fly)[3]
Tabanus bromius (Band-eyed Brown Horse Fly)[3]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[3]


Parasitized by 
Anaplasma phagocytophilum[5]
Aonchotheca bovis <Unverified Name>[6]
Apteragia quadrispiculata[6]
Ascaris suum <Unverified Name>[6]
Ashworthius gagarini <Unverified Name>[6]
Ashworthius sidemi <Unverified Name>[6]
Avitellina centripunctata[6]
Avitellina pygargi <Unverified Name>[6]
Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme disease)[5]
Bunostomum phlebotomum[6]
Bunostomum trigonocephalum[6]
Calicophoron daubneyi <Unverified Name>[6]
Camelostrongylus mentulatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Capillaria bilobata <Unverified Name>[6]
Capillaria bovis[6]
Capreocaulus capreoli <Unverified Name>[6]
Capreolagia antipini <Unverified Name>[6]
Capreolagia skrjabini <Unverified Name>[6]
Chabertia ovina <Unverified Name>[6]
Cooperia curticei <Unverified Name>[6]
Cooperia oncophora <Unverified Name>[6]
Cooperia pectinata[6]
Cooperia punctata[6]
Cooperia zurnabada <Unverified Name>[6]
Coxiella burnetii[5]
Cryptosporidium parvum[5]
Cysticercus tenuicollis <Unverified Name>[6]
Dicrocoelium lanceatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Dicrocoelium suppereri <Unverified Name>[6]
Dictyocaulus capreolus <Unverified Name>[6]
Dictyocaulus eckerti <Unverified Name>[6]
Dictyocaulus noerneri <Unverified Name>[6]
Dictyocaulus viviparus[6]
Dipetalonema rugosicauda <Unverified Name>[6]
Dorcadia dorcadia[7]
Echinococcus granulosus[6]
Elaphostrongylus cervi[6]
Escherichia coli (E. coli)[5]
Fasciola hepatica (common liver fluke)[6]
Fischoederius elongatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Fischoederius skrjabini <Unverified Name>[6]
Francisella tularensis (Tularemia)[5]
Gongylonema aequispicularis <Unverified Name>[6]
Gongylonema pulchrum[6]
Grosspiculagia occidentalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm)[6]
Haemonchus placei <Unverified Name>[6]
Hypoderma diana[5]
Ixodes ricinus[3]
Liorchis scotiae <Unverified Name>[6]
Lipoptena cervi (deer ked)[5]
Marshallagia marshalli <Unverified Name>[6]
Marshallagia occidentalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Moniezia benedeni <Unverified Name>[6]
Muellerius capillaris (hair lungworm)[6]
Mycobacterium avium (Mycobacterium avium)[5]
Mycobacterium bovis (Bovine tuberculosis)[5]
Nematodirella alcidis <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirella longissimespiculata <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus abnormalis[5]
Nematodirus centripunctata <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus erschovi <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus europaeus <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus filicollis[6]
Nematodirus helvetianus[6]
Nematodirus mauritanicus <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus oiratianus <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus rupicaprae <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus spathiger[6]
Oesophagostomum cervi <Unverified Name>[6]
Oesophagostomum radiatum[6]
Oesophagostomum sikae <Unverified Name>[6]
Oesophagostomum venulosum[6]
Onchocerca flexuosa <Unverified Name>[6]
Onchocerca skrjabini <Unverified Name>[6]
Orloffia orloffi <Unverified Name>[6]
Ostertagia antipini <Unverified Name>[6]
Ostertagia arctica <Unverified Name>[6]
Ostertagia capreoli <Unverified Name>[6]
Ostertagia circumcincta[6]
Ostertagia davtiana <Unverified Name>[6]
Ostertagia gruehneri <Unverified Name>[6]
Ostertagia kolchida[6]
Ostertagia lasensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Ostertagia leptospicularis[6]
Ostertagia lyrata[6]
Ostertagia lyrataeformis <Unverified Name>[6]
Ostertagia ostertagi[6]
Ostertagia trifurcata[6]
Parabronema skrjabini[6]
Paraceras melis melis[7]
Parafasciolopsis fasciolaemorpha <Unverified Name>[6]
Paramphistomum ichikawai <Unverified Name>[6]
Paramphistomum leydeni <Unverified Name>[6]
Physocephalus sexalatus[6]
Protostrongylus kochi <Unverified Name>[6]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[7]
Rinadia mathevossiani <Unverified Name>[6]
Salmonella enterica[5]
Setaria altaica <Unverified Name>[6]
Setaria capreoli <Unverified Name>[6]
Setaria cervi <Unverified Name>[6]
Setaria labiatopapillosa <Unverified Name>[6]
Setaria transcaucasica <Unverified Name>[6]
Setaria tundra <Unverified Name>[6]
Skrjabinagia arctica <Unverified Name>[6]
Skrjabinagia kolchida <Unverified Name>[6]
Skrjabinagia lasensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Skrjabinagia lyrata <Unverified Name>[6]
Skrjabinagia lyrataeformis <Unverified Name>[6]
Skrjabinema ovis[6]
Skrjabinocaulus sofievi <Unverified Name>[6]
Solenopotes capreoli[8]
Spiculocaulus austriacus <Unverified Name>[6]
Spiculopteragia asymmetrica[6]
Spiculopteragia ateis <Unverified Name>[6]
Spiculopteragia boehmi <Unverified Name>[6]
Spiculopteragia bohmi <Unverified Name>[6]
Spiculopteragia dagestanica <Unverified Name>[6]
Spiculopteragia mathevossiani <Unverified Name>[6]
Spiculopteragia quadrispiculata <Unverified Name>[6]
Spiculopteragia spiculoptera[6]
Stadelmannia circumcincta <Unverified Name>[6]
Strongyloides papillosus[6]
Taenia cervi <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia krabbei <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia multiceps <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia ovis <Unverified Name>[6]
Teladorsagia circumcincta <Unverified Name>[6]
Teladorsagia pinnata <Unverified Name>[6]
Teladorsagia trifurcata <Unverified Name>[6]
Thysaniezia giardi <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[6]
Trichocephalus capreoli <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichocephalus gazellae <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichocephalus globulosa <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichocephalus ovis <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichocephalus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichostrongylus askivali <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichostrongylus axei[6]
Trichostrongylus calcaratus <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichostrongylus capricola[6]
Trichostrongylus colubriformis[6]
Trichostrongylus extenuatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichostrongylus longispicularis[6]
Trichostrongylus minor <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichostrongylus ostertagiaformis <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichostrongylus probolurus <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichostrongylus retortaeformis[6]
Trichostrongylus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichostrongylus vitrinus[6]
Trichuris capreoli <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichuris globulosa[6]
Trichuris ovis[6]
Varestrongylus capreoli <Unverified Name>[6]
Varestrongylus sagittatus[6]
Yersinia kristensenii[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Alpenzoo Innsbruck - Tirol
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Niedersächsische Landesforsten
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parque de la Naturaleza de Cabarceno
Ranua Wildlife Parkcapreolus
Riga Zoocapreolus
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
San Diego Wild Animal Parkcapreolus
San Diego Zoocapreolus
Scandinavian Wildlife Park
Silesian Zoological Garden
Tallinn Zoo
Tbilisi Zoo
Tiergarten Bernburgcapreolus
Zoo Ahtari (Ähtärin Eläinpuisto Oy)capreolus
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo Dortmundcapreolus
Zoological Garden of Polish Fauna
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologischer Garten Leipzigcapreolus

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China);



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Ecology of Commanster
4Foraging by lynx and its role in ungulate mortality: the local (Bia&#322;owie&#380;a Forest) and the Palaearctic viewpoints, Włodzimierz JĘDRZEJEWSKI, Krzysztof SCHMIDT, Lech MIŁKOWSKI, Bogumiła JĘDRZEJEWSKA, Henryk OKARMA, Acta Theriologica 38 (4): 385-403
5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
7International Flea Database
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access