Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Cervidae > Hippocamelus > Hippocamelus antisensis
 

Hippocamelus antisensis (Peruvian guemal; north Andean huemul)

Wikipedia Abstract

The taruca (Hippocamelus antisensis), or north Andean deer, is a species of deer native to South America.
View Wikipedia Record: Hippocamelus antisensis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
35
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.04
EDGE Score: 3

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  99.21 lbs (45.00 kg)
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  8 months 15 days
Litter Size [1]  1

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Bolivian montane dry forests Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bolivian Yungas Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Andean dry puna Argentina, Bolivia, Chile Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Andean puna Argentina, Bolivia, Peru Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Andean wet puna Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests Ecuador, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
High Monte Argentina Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Andean páramo Ecuador, Colombia Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northwestern Andean montane forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Patía Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Andean steppe Argentina, Chile Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Reserva de Huascarán National Park II 844711 Ancash, Peru  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Pozuelos Biosphere Reserve 988422 Argentina  
Reserva Nacional de Fauna Ulla Ulla National Fauna Reserve 559837 Bolivia  
Reserva Nacional Lauca National Park II 349990 Chile  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Bromus villosissimus[3]
Distichia muscoides[3]
Ephedra americana[3]
Luzula racemosa[3]
Poa gymnantha[3]
Poa spicigera[3]
Senecio comosus[3]
Trisetum spicatum (Rocky Mountain trisetum)[3]
Werneria nubigena[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Lama glama (llama)1
Vicugna pacos (alpaca)1

Range Map

Patfa Valley dry forests; South America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3"Botanical composition of taruka (Hippocamelus antisensis) diet during rainy season in Huascaran National Park, Peru", C. Gazzolo, Advances in Deer Biology Praha 2006 Luděk Bartoš, Adam Dušek, Radim Kotrba, Jitka Bartošová-Víchová (Editors), p. 216
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access