Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Cervidae > Hippocamelus > Hippocamelus bisulcus

Hippocamelus bisulcus (Chilean Guemal; south Andean huemul)

Wikipedia Abstract

The south Andean deer (Hippocamelus bisulcus), also known as the Chilean guemal or huemul (/ˈweɪmuːl/ WAY-mool, Spanish: [weˈmul]), is an endangered species of deer native to the mountains of Argentina and Chile. One of two mid-sized deer of the Hippocamelus genus, the south Andean deer ranges across the high mountainsides and cold valleys of the Andes. The distribution and habitat, behaviour, and diet of the deer have all been the subject of study.
View Wikipedia Record: Hippocamelus bisulcus

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Hippocamelus bisulcus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.04
EDGE Score: 3.7


Adult Weight [1]  154.32 lbs (70.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  7.88 lbs (3.58 kg)
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  6 months 18 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Magellanic subpolar forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Valdivian temperate forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bernardo O'Higgins National Park II 8712691 Chile      
Lago Puelo National Park II 47607 Chubut, Argentina
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Los Alerces National Park II 463045 Chubut, Argentina  
Los Glaciares National Park II 1329020 Santa Cruz, Argentina
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Parque Nacional Laguna San Rafael National Park II 4560904 Aisén, Chile  
Parque Nacional Torres del Paine National Park II 542393 Magallanes, Chile  
Perito Moreno National Park II 234320 Santa Cruz, Argentina  
Santuario de la Naturaleza Pumalín Sanctuary 713364 Chile

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests Chile No

Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Fuchsia magellanica (hardy fuchsia)[3]
Gunnera magellanica (Pig Vine)[3]
Nothofagus antarctica (Antarctic beech)[3]
Nothofagus betuloides (Magellan's beech)[3]
Nothofagus pumilio (Lenga)[3]
Plantago lanceolata (narrowleaf plantain)[3]
Ribes magellanicum[3]
Taraxacum campylodes (Dandelion)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Apis mellifera (honey bee)1
Bombus terrestris (Large Earth Humble-bee)1
Dama dama (fallow deer)1
Haplothrips leucanthemi1
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Phrygilus patagonicus (Patagonian Sierra Finch)2
Pudu puda (southern pudu)1
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)1
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)1


Lycalopex culpaeus (Culpeo)[3]
Puma concolor (Cougar)[3]

Range Map

South America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Diet and habitat of the huemul (Hippocamelus bisulcus) in Bernardo O’ Higgins National Park, Chile, Jasper van Winden, MSc-thesis, April 2006, Utrecht University
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access