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Aepyceros melampus (impala)

Wikipedia Abstract

The impala (Aepyceros melampus) is a medium-sized African antelope. Its height ranges between 75 and 95 cm (and in) and it weighs between 40–60 kg ( ). It is found in savannas and thick bushveld in Kenya, Tanzania, Swaziland, Mozambique, northern Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, southern Angola, northeastern South Africa, and Uganda. It can be found in numbers of up to 2,000,000 in Africa.
View Wikipedia Record: Aepyceros melampus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
24
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.87
EDGE Score: 2.29

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  115.74 lbs (52.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  12.24 lbs (5.55 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 3 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 1 month
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Gestation [1]  6 months 18 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  26 years
Speed [3]  47.20 MPH (21.1 m/s)
Weaning [1]  5 months 17 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Itala Game Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve II 72822 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Lake Manyara National Park II 78767 Tanzania  
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Mamili National Park II 83904 Namibia  
Mkhaya Game Reserve   Swaziland  
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  
Moremi Game Reserve IV 1214686 Botswana  
Parc National de Waza National Park II 349858 Cameroon  
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Emblem of

Lebanon

Prey / Diet

Acacia erioloba (camelthorn)[4]
Acacia tortilis subsp. spirocarpa[5]
Catunaregam taylorii[5]
Cenchrus ciliaris (Buffel Grass)[4]
Solanum tettense[5]
Themeda triandra (red grass)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Antidorcas marsupialis (springbok)2
Cephalophus natalensis (Natal duiker)1
Connochaetes taurinus (blue wildebeest)2
Diceros bicornis (black rhinoceros)1
Equus grevyi (Grevy's zebra)1
Equus quagga (quagga)2
Equus quagga burchellii (Burchell's zebra)1
Equus zebra (mountain zebra)1
Gazella thomsonii (Thomson's gazelle)1
Giraffa camelopardalis (giraffe)3
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)1
Neotragus moschatus (suni)1
Oryx gazella (gemsbok)1
Ourebia ourebi (oribi)1
Papio hamadryas (hamadryas baboon)2
Stigmochelys pardalis (Leopard Tortoise)1
Sylvicapra grimmia (bush duiker)1
Syncerus caffer (African buffalo)2
Taurotragus oryx (eland)1

Predators

Acinonyx jubatus (Cheetah)[4]
Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)[6]
Lycaon pictus (African wild dog)[4]
Panthera leo (Lion)[4]
Panthera pardus (Leopard)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Agriostomum gorgonis <Unverified Name>[7]
Agriostomum heterochrous <Unverified Name>[7]
Amblyomma hebraeum (Bont tick)[8]
Amblyomma marmoreum (South African Tortoise tick)[8]
Amblyomma variegatum (Tropical bont tick)[8]
Anaplasma platys[8]
Avitellina centripunctata[7]
Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax bacterium)[8]
Brucella melitensis (Brucella / Brucellosis)[8]
Bunostomum trigonocephalum[7]
Calicophoron calicophorum[7]
Calicophoron clavula <Unverified Name>[7]
Calicophoron microbothrium <Unverified Name>[7]
Calicophoron phillerouxi <Unverified Name>[7]
Calicophoron raja <Unverified Name>[7]
Cooperia curticei <Unverified Name>[7]
Cooperia fuelleborni <Unverified Name>[7]
Cooperia hungi <Unverified Name>[7]
Cooperia pectinata[7]
Cooperia rotundispiculum <Unverified Name>[7]
Cooperia yoshidai <Unverified Name>[7]
Cooperioides hamiltoni <Unverified Name>[7]
Cooperioides hepaticae <Unverified Name>[7]
Cotylophoron cotylophorum <Unverified Name>[7]
Cotylophoron fuelleborni <Unverified Name>[7]
Cotylophoron jacksoni <Unverified Name>[7]
Cysticercus tenuicollis <Unverified Name>[7]
Dictyocaulus viviparus[7]
Echinococcus granulosus[7]
Ehrlichia ruminantium[8]
Fasciola gigantica[7]
Fasciola hepatica (common liver fluke)[7]
Gaigeria pachyscelis <Unverified Name>[7]
Gongylonema pulchrum[7]
Haemaphysalis leachi (African dog tick)[8]
Haemonchus bedfordi[7]
Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm)[7]
Haemonchus krugeri[7]
Haemonchus lawrencei <Unverified Name>[7]
Haemonchus mitchelli[7]
Haemonchus vegliai <Unverified Name>[7]
Hippobosca fulva[8]
Impalaia taurotragi <Unverified Name>[7]
Impalaia tuberculata <Unverified Name>[7]
Ixodes cavipalpus[8]
Leptospira interrogans[8]
Linognathus nevilli[8]
Lipoptena paradoxa[8]
Longistrongylus meyeri <Unverified Name>[7]
Longistrongylus sabie[7]
Longistrongylus schrenki <Unverified Name>[7]
Moniezia benedeni <Unverified Name>[7]
Moniezia expansa (sheep tapeworm)[7]
Mycobacterium bovis (Bovine tuberculosis)[8]
Oesophagostomum columbianum[7]
Oesophagostomum walkeri <Unverified Name>[7]
Pneumostrongylus calcaratus <Unverified Name>[7]
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (Brown ear tick)[8]
Rhipicephalus decoloratus (African blue tick)[8]
Rhipicephalus kochi[8]
Rhipicephalus lunulatus[8]
Rhipicephalus muehlensi (Nyala tick)[8]
Rhipicephalus simus (Glossy tick)[8]
Rhipicephalus sulcatus[8]
Rhipicephalus zambeziensis (Lowveld brown ear tick)[8]
Setaria scalprum <Unverified Name>[7]
Skrjabinodera kuelzii <Unverified Name>[7]
Stilesia hepatica <Unverified Name>[7]
Strongyloides papillosus[7]
Taenia acinonyxi <Unverified Name>[7]
Taenia crocutae <Unverified Name>[7]
Taenia gonyamai <Unverified Name>[7]
Taenia hyaenae <Unverified Name>[7]
Thysaniezia giardi <Unverified Name>[7]
Toxocara vitulorum <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichostrongylus angistris <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichostrongylus axei[8]
Trichostrongylus colubriformis[7]
Trichostrongylus deflexus[7]
Trichostrongylus falculatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichostrongylus instabilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichostrongylus thomasi[7]
Trichuris barbertonensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichuris globulosa[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)rendilis
Al Bustan Zoological Center
Binder Park Zoo
 rendilis
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Brevard Zoo
 rendilis
Busch Gardens Tampa Bay
Caldwell Zoo
Center for Conserv. of Trop. Ungulates
Cologne Zoo
Copenhagen Zoo
Dallas Zoo
 rendilis
Dept. of National Zoological Gardensmelampus
Dierenpark Emmen
Disney's Animal Kingdom
 rendilis
Emerald Safari Resortmelampus
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Guadalajara Zoorendilis
IAE - African Safari Wildlife Park
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoopetersi
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Kittenberger Zoo
Lichtenburg Game Breeding Center
 melampus
 petersi
Lion Country Safari Inc - Florida
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
 rendilis
Maktoum Wildlife Centremelampus
 suara
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centremelampus
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africapetersi
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernaspetersi
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Oregon Wildlife Foundationrendilis
Parc Zoologic de Barcelonapetersi
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Planete Sauvage
Safari West
 rendilis
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
San Diego Wild Animal Parkrendilis
San Diego Zoopetersi
Silesian Zoological Garden
Silver Springs Park
Taipei Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoorendilis
The Naples Zoo
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Toledo Zoological Gardens
 rendilis
Toronto Zoo
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Wadi Al Safa Wildlife Centre
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife World Zoo
 melampus
 rendilis
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Melakamelampus
Zoo Negara Malaysia
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan

Range Map

Africa; Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Grubb P., 2004-04-22, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License 4Who's Eating Who 5A RECORD OF FRUITS AND SEEDS DISPERSED BY MAMMALS AND BIRDS FROM SINGIDA DISTRICT OF TANGANYIKA TERRITORY, B. D. BURTT, Journal of Ecology Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 351-355 (1929) 6Canis mesomelas, Lyle R. Walton and Damien O. Joly, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 715, pp. 1–9 (2003) 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 8Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011