Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Connochaetes > Connochaetes gnou

Connochaetes gnou (black wildebeest)

Synonyms: Connochaetes gnou

Wikipedia Abstract

The black wildebeest or white-tailed gnu (Connochaetes gnou) is one of the two closely related wildebeest species. It is a member of the genus Connochaetes and family Bovidae. It was first described in 1780 by Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann. The black wildebeest is typically between 170–220 cm (67–87 in) in head-and-body length, and the average weight is 110–180 kg (240–400 lb).
View Wikipedia Record: Connochaetes gnou

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.13
EDGE Score: 2.32


Adult Weight [1]  291.56 lbs (132.25 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  24.25 lbs (11.00 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 1 month
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  8 months 19 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  22 years
Speed [3]  40.00 MPH (17.88 m/s)
Weaning [1]  7 months 18 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cape West Coast Biosphere Reserve 934651 Western Cape, South Africa
Golden Gate Highlands National Park II 28689 Free State, South Africa
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Mkhaya Game Reserve   Swaziland  
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya


Panthera leo (Lion)[4]


Parasitized by 
Amblyomma marmoreum (South African Tortoise tick)[5]
Calicophoron calicophorum[6]
Gedoelstia cristata[5]
Gedoelstia haessleri[5]
Hyalomma truncatum (Shiny Hyalomma)[5]
Ixodes rubicundus (Karoo paralysis tick)[5]
Kirkioestrus minutus[5]
Linognathus gnu[7]
Oesophagostomum columbianum[5]
Oestrus macdonaldi[5]
Oestrus variolosus[5]
Rhipicephalus capensis (Cape brown tick)[5]
Rhipicephalus decoloratus (African blue tick)[5]
Trichostrongylus axei[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Artis Zoo
Badoca Safari Park
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
DSI Givskud Zoo
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Lichtenburg Game Breeding Center
Marwell Wildlife
Moscow Zoological Park
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Silesian Zoological Garden
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Thoiry Zoological Park
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc

Range Map

Africa; Tsavo National Park;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Predator–prey size relationships in an African large-mammal food web, Norman Owen-Smith and M. G. L. Mills, Journal of Animal Ecology Volume 77, Issue 1, Pages 173-183
5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access