Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Connochaetes > Connochaetes taurinus
 

Connochaetes taurinus (blue wildebeest)

Wikipedia Abstract

The blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), also called the common wildebeest or the white-bearded wildebeest, is a large antelope and one of two species of wildebeest. It grows to 115–145 cm shoulder height and attains a body mass of 168–274 kg. They range the open plains, bushveld, and dry woodlands of Southern and East Africa, living for more than twenty years. The male is highly territorial, using scent markings and other devices to protect his domain.
View Wikipedia Record: Connochaetes taurinus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
24
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.13
EDGE Score: 2.32

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  362.66 lbs (164.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  39.96 lbs (18.13 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 1 month
Male Maturity [1]  2 years 6 months
Gestation [1]  8 months 13 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  24 years
Migration [2]  Intracontinental
Speed [3]  40.00 MPH (17.88 m/s)
Weaning [1]  9 months 8 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Cape West Coast Biosphere Reserve 934651 Western Cape, South Africa
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Itala Game Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve II 72822 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Lake Manyara National Park II 78767 Tanzania  
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  
Moremi Game Reserve IV 1214686 Botswana  
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Prey / Diet

Cenchrus ciliaris (Buffel Grass)[4]
Cymbopogon caesius[5]
Cynodon dactylon (manienie)[5]
Eragrostis superba (Wilman lovegrass)[5]
Heteropogon contortus (tangelhead)[5]
Panicum infestum[5]
Paspalum dilatatum (herbe de miel)[5]
Sporobolus pyramidalis[5]
Themeda triandra (red grass)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aepyceros melampus (impala)2
Antidorcas marsupialis (springbok)2
Camelus dromedarius (dromedary)1
Cephalophus natalensis (Natal duiker)2
Equus burchellii (Burchell's zebra)2
Equus grevyi (Grevy's zebra)1
Equus quagga (quagga)2
Equus zebra (mountain zebra)2
Kobus ellipsiprymnus (waterbuck)6
Neotragus moschatus (suni)2
Ourebia ourebi (oribi)2
Papio hamadryas (hamadryas baboon)2
Phacochoerus africanus (warthog)1
Psammobates pardalis (Leopard Tortoise)1
Redunca arundinum (southern reedbuck)1
Redunca redunca (Bohar reedbuck)4
Sylvicapra grimmia (bush duiker)2
Syncerus caffer (African buffalo)5

Predators

Lycaon pictus (African wild dog)[4]
Panthera leo (Lion)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Agriostomum gorgonis <Unverified Name>[7]
Amblyomma hebraeum (Bont tick)[8]
Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax bacterium)[8]
Bunostomum phlebotomum[7]
Bunostomum trigonocephalum[7]
Calicophoron calicophorum[7]
Calicophoron raja <Unverified Name>[7]
Calicophoron sukumum <Unverified Name>[7]
Cooperia connochaeti <Unverified Name>[7]
Cooperia hungi <Unverified Name>[7]
Cotylophoron cotylophorum <Unverified Name>[7]
Crossocephalus viviparus <Unverified Name>[7]
Dictyocaulus viviparus[8]
Dirofilaria sachsi <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinococcus granulosus[7]
Fasciola gigantica[7]
Gaigeria pachyscelis <Unverified Name>[7]
Gedoelstia cristata[8]
Gedoelstia haessleri[8]
Haemonchus bedfordi[7]
Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm)[7]
Hyalomma truncatum (Shiny Hyalomma)[8]
Kirkioestrus minutus[8]
Leptospira interrogans[8]
Linognathus gorgonus[8]
Linognathus spicatus[8]
Moniezia expansa (sheep tapeworm)[8]
Oesophagostomum columbianum[7]
Oestrus aureoargentatus[8]
Oestrus variolosus[8]
Pneumostrongylus calcaratus <Unverified Name>[7]
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (Brown ear tick)[8]
Rhipicephalus decoloratus (African blue tick)[8]
Rhipicephalus lunulatus[8]
Rhipicephalus maculatus[8]
Rhipicephalus pulchellus (Yellow backed tick)[8]
Rhipicephalus simus (Glossy tick)[8]
Rhipicephalus zambeziensis (Lowveld brown ear tick)[8]
Stephanopharynx compactus <Unverified Name>[7]
Taenia crocutae <Unverified Name>[7]
Taenia gonyamai <Unverified Name>[7]
Taenia olngojinei <Unverified Name>[7]
Taenia regis <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichostrongylus axei[8]
Trichostrongylus colubriformis[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
 taurinus
African Safaritaurinus
Al Ain Zooalbojubatus
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
 albojubatus
Audubon Zoo
 albojubatus
Badoca Safari Parktaurinus
Burger's Zooalbojubatus
Caldwell Zooalbojubatus
Denver Zoological Gardensalbojubatus
Dierenpark Emmentaurinus
Disney's Animal Kingdomalbojubatus
Emerald Safari Resorttaurinus
Espace Zoologique la Boissiere du Doretaurinus
Fort Wayne Children's Zooalbojubatus
Fossil Rim Wildlife Centeralbojubatus
Guadalajara Zoo
Indianapolis Zooalbojubatus
International Animal Exchange, Inc.
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kittenberger Zoo
 taurinus
Knowsley Safari Park
Knuthenborg Safaripark
 taurinus
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
Le Pal, Parc Animaliertaurinus
Lichtenburg Game Breeding Centertaurinus
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodastaurinus
Lion Country Safari Inc - Floridaalbojubatus
Longleat Safari Park
Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centretaurinus
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRLtaurinus
Mountain View Conservation & Breeding
Municipal Independent Org. Roev Ruchei
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
 taurinus
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Councilalbojubatus
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFTtaurinus
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernastaurinus
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftungtaurinus
Parc Paradisio S.A.
 taurinus
Parc Safari / F.A.P.S.
 albojubatus
Parc Zoologic de Barcelonataurinus
Parc Zoologique d'Amienstaurinus
Parc Zoologique de la Barbentaurinus
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyretaurinus
Parco Natura Vivataurinus
Parque Zoologico Benito Juarez
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
 taurinus
Planete Sauvage
Port Lympne Wild Animal Park
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
 taurinus
Roger Williams Park Zooalbojubatus
Safari de Peaugrestaurinus
Safari West
Safaripark Beekse Bergentaurinus
San Diego Wild Animal Parkalbojubatus
Thoiry Zoological Parktaurinus
Tierwelt Herberstein
Toledo Zoological Gardensalbojubatus
Virginia Safari Park & Preserv Ctr,Incalbojubatus
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltdtaurinus
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munstertaurinus
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendaeltaurinus
Wildlife Safari Incalbojubatus
Wroclaw Zoo, LLCalbojubatus
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagrebtaurinus
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.albojubatus
 taurinus
Zoo Landau in der Pfalztaurinus
Zoo Melakataurinus
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zooalbojubatus
Zoo Parc de Beauval
 taurinus
Zoologicka Zahrada Kosicetaurinus
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brnataurinus
Zoologischer Garten Leipzigalbojubatus
Zoologischer Garten Schmidingtaurinus

Range Map

Link to Map
Africa;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Grubb P., 22-Apr-2004, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License 4Who's Eating Who 5Seasonal variation in the diets of Bohor reedbuck, waterbuck and wildebeest in a moist dystrophic savanna in Tanzania, Stephanie Halsdorf, Bettina Gutbrodt, Harry Olde Venterink, Werner Suter, Peter J. Edwards, Doctoral Dissertation, ETH ZURICH, 2011 6Predator–prey size relationships in an African large-mammal food web, Norman Owen-Smith and M. G. L. Mills, Journal of Animal Ecology Volume 77, Issue 1, Pages 173-183 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 8Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011