Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Damaliscus > Damaliscus pygargus

Damaliscus pygargus (bontebok)

Synonyms: Damaliscus dorcas; Damaliscus pygarus dorcas

Wikipedia Abstract

The bontebok (Damaliscus pygargus) is an antelope found in South Africa, Lesotho and Namibia. The bontebok has two subspecies; the bontebok (Damaliscus pygargus pygarus), occurring naturally in the Fynbos and Renosterveld areas of the Western Cape, and the blesbok (Damaliscus pygargus phillipsi) occurring in the highveld.
View Wikipedia Record: Damaliscus pygargus


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 12.82
EDGE Score: 2.63


Adult Weight [1]  186.29 lbs (84.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  14.97 lbs (6.79 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 11 months
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  8 months 3 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  23 years
Weaning [1]  5 months 2 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bontebok National Park II 8315 Western Cape, South Africa
Cape West Coast Biosphere Reserve 934651 Western Cape, South Africa
Golden Gate Highlands National Park II 28689 Free State, South Africa
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No


Parasitized by 
Amblyomma marmoreum (South African Tortoise tick)[3]
Explanatum explanatum <Unverified Name>[4]
Haemaphysalis aciculifer (East African eyeless tick)[3]
Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm)[3]
Hyalomma truncatum (Shiny Hyalomma)[3]
Ixodes pilosus (Bush tick)[3]
Linognathus damaliscus[5]
Nematodirus spathiger[3]
Ostertagia ostertagi[3]
Rhipicephalus gertrudae[3]
Rhipicephalus glabroscutatum (Smooth brown tick)[3]
Rhipicephalus nitens (Shiny brown tick)[3]
Trichostrongylus axei[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africa Alive!phillipsi
African Safariphillipsi
Binder Park Zoodorcas
Blackpool Zoophillipsi
Boras Djurpark Zoophillipsi
Busch Gardens Tampa Bayphillipsi
City of Belfast Zoophillipsi
Cleveland Metroparks Zoodorcas
Copenhagen Zoophillipsi
Disney's Animal Kingdomdorcas
Ellen Trout Zoodorcas
Emerald Safari Resortphillipsi
Espace Zoologique la Boissiere du Dorephillipsi
Fossil Rim Wildlife Centerdorcas
Gladys Porter Zoodorcas
Johannesburg Zoological Gardensdorcas
Kolmardens Djurpark ABphillipsi
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASAphillipsi
Lichtenburg Game Breeding Centerphillipsi
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoophillipsi
Maktoum Wildlife Centredorcas
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquariumdorcas
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRLphillipsi
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africaphillipsi
North Carolina Zoological Parkphillipsi
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernasdorcas
Oregon Wildlife Foundationdorcas
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)phillipsi
Parc de Lunaretphillipsi
Parc Zoologic de Barcelonaphillipsi
Parc Zoologique de Champrépusphillipsi
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyrephillipsi
Planete Sauvagephillipsi
Red McCombs Ranchphillipsi
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safariphillipsi
Reserve Africaine de Sigeanphillipsi
Safari Westdorcas
Safaripark Beekse Bergenphillipsi
San Diego Wild Animal Parkdorcas
San Diego Zoodorcas
Sedgwick County Zoopygargus
Silesian Zoological Gardenphillipsi
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoodorcas
Tiergarten Heidelbergphillipsi
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.phillipsi
Wilhelma Zoophillipsi
Zoo de Jurquesphillipsi
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.phillipsi
Zoo Hannover GmbHphillipsi
Zoo Melakadorcas
Zoo of Acadianaphillipsi
Zoo Osnabrückphillipsi
Zoo Safari Swierkocinphillipsi
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaiaphillipsi
Zoological Garden Praguephillipsi
Zoologicka zahrada Ostravaphillipsi
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesnaphillipsi
Zoologicka zahrada Liberecphillipsi
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenphillipsi
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbHphillipsi

Range Map




Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access