Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Antidorcas > Antidorcas marsupialis
 

Antidorcas marsupialis (springbok)

Wikipedia Abstract

The springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) is a medium-sized brown and white antelope-gazelle of southwestern Africa. It is extremely fast and can reach speeds of 88 km/h (55 mph) and can leap 4 m (13 feet) through the air. The common name "springbok" comes from the Afrikaans and Dutch words spring = jump and bok = male antelope or goat.The specific epithet marsupialis (Latin: marsupium, "pocket") derives from a pocket-like skin flap which extends along the middle of the back from the tail onwards.
View Wikipedia Record: Antidorcas marsupialis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
19
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.41
EDGE Score: 2

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  85.98 lbs (39.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  9.17 lbs (4.16 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  7 months 3 days
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 1 month
Gestation [1]  5 months 18 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  20 years
Speed [2]  55.27 MPH (24.71 m/s)
Weaning [1]  4 months 1 day

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namib desert Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bontebok National Park II 8315 Western Cape, South Africa
Cape West Coast Biosphere Reserve 934651 Western Cape, South Africa
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Golden Gate Highlands National Park II 28689 Free State, South Africa
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Namib-Naukluft National Park II 12585619 Namibia  
Naute Dam Recreational Resort V 58352 Namibia  
Skeleton Coast Game Park II 4168395 Namibia  

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No

Emblem of

South Africa

Prey / Diet

Cullen tomentosum[3]
Cymbopogon pospischilii[4]
Cynodon dactylon (manienie)[4]
Cynodon incompletus (cynodon)[4]
Cyperus usitatus[4]
Eragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)[4]
Eragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)[4]
Eragrostis obtusa[4]
Nenax microphylla[4]
Nolletia ciliaris[4]
Olearia muricata[4]
Osteospermum leptolobum[4]
Panicum coloratum (klinegrass)[4]
Pentzia calcarea[4]
Pentzia globosa[4]
Pentzia incana (African sheepbush)[4]
Pentzia lanata[4]
Pentzia viridis[4]
Salsola rabieana[4]
Schmidtia pappophoroides[4]
Searsia ciliata[4]
Sporobolus fimbriatus (fringed dropseed)[4]
Sporobolus ioclados (pan dropseed)[4]
Themeda triandra (red grass)[4]
Tragus berteronianus (spiked burr grass)[4]
Urochloa mosambicensis (African liverseed grass)[4]
Vachellia erioloba (camelthorn)[3]
Vachellia tortilis (umbrella thorn)[4]
Ziziphus mucronata (Buffalo Thorn)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aepyceros melampus (impala)2
Camelus dromedarius (dromedary)1
Cephalophus natalensis (Natal duiker)1
Connochaetes taurinus (blue wildebeest)2
Equus quagga (quagga)1
Equus quagga burchellii (Burchell's zebra)2
Equus zebra (mountain zebra)7
Gazella dorcas (Dorcas gazelle)1
Giraffa camelopardalis (giraffe)1
Heterohyrax brucei (Yellow-spotted Rock Hyrax)1
Kobus ellipsiprymnus (waterbuck)1
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)1
Neotragus moschatus (suni)2
Oryx gazella (gemsbok)1
Otolemur crassicaudatus (greater galago)1
Ourebia ourebi (oribi)2
Papio hamadryas (hamadryas baboon)2
Stigmochelys pardalis (Leopard Tortoise)2
Sylvicapra grimmia (bush duiker)2
Syncerus caffer (African buffalo)6
Tragelaphus strepsiceros (greater kudu)2

Predators

Acinonyx jubatus (Cheetah)[3]
Aquila rapax (Tawny Eagle)[4]
Aquila verreauxii (Verreaux's Eagle)[4]
Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)[5]
Caracal caracal (Caracal)[4]
Crocuta crocuta (Spotted Hyena)[4]
Felis silvestris lybica (African wild cat)[4]
Hyaena brunnea (Brown Hyena)[4]
Lycaon pictus (African wild dog)[4]
Mellivora capensis (Honey Badger)[4]
Panthera leo (Lion)[4]
Panthera pardus (Leopard)[4]
Polemaetus bellicosus (Martial Eagle)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amblyomma hebraeum (Bont tick)[6]
Amblyomma marmoreum (South African Tortoise tick)[6]
Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax bacterium)[6]
Calicophoron calicophorum[7]
Cooperioides antidorca[4]
Haemonchus bedfordi[4]
Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm)[6]
Haemonchus krugeri[4]
Hippobosca rufipes[6]
Hyalomma truncatum (Shiny Hyalomma)[6]
Ixodes pilosus (Bush tick)[4]
Ixodes rubicundus (Karoo paralysis tick)[6]
Linognathus antidorcitis[6]
Linognathus armatus[6]
Linognathus bedfordi[4]
Linognathus digitalis[6]
Linognathus euchore[6]
Lipoptena sepiacea[6]
Longistrongylus curvispiculum[4]
Longistrongylus sabie[4]
Margaropus winthemi (South African beady-legged tick)[4]
Nematodirus spathiger[6]
Ostertagia ostertagi[6]
Rhinoestrus antidorcitis[6]
Rhinoestrus vanzyli[6]
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (Brown ear tick)[4]
Rhipicephalus decoloratus (African blue tick)[6]
Rhipicephalus follis (Karoo brown tick)[4]
Rhipicephalus glabroscutatum (Smooth brown tick)[6]
Rhipicephalus nitens (Shiny brown tick)[4]
Teladorsagia hamata <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichostrongylus axei[4]
Trichostrongylus colubriformis[6]
Trichostrongylus deflexus[4]
Trichostrongylus thomasi[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Ain Zoo
Al Bustan Zoological Center
Artis Zoo
Auckland Zoological Parkangolensis
Badoca Safari Park
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardensmarsupialis
DSI Givskud Zoo
Emerald Safari Resortmarsupialis
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zoo
Giza Zoological Garden
International Animal Exchange, Inc.angolensis
Jackson Zoological Parkmarsupialis
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Kansas City Zoomarsupialis
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Lichtenburg Game Breeding Centermarsupialis
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Maktoum Wildlife Centremarsupialis
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africamarsupialis
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Orana Wildlife Parkangolensis
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquariummarsupialis
Planete Sauvage
Safari West
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
San Diego Wild Animal Parkangolensis
 marsupialis
Santa Fe CollegeTeaching Zoo
Silver Springs Park
Thoiry Zoological Park
Tygerberg Zoopark
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Wildlife World Zoo
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Parc de Beauval

Range Map

Africa;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License 3The Namib: Detritus and Fog Dependence Scott Christy March 1st, 2006 4Antidorcas marsupialis, James W. Cain III, Paul R. Krausman, and Heather L. Germaine, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 753, pp. 1–7 (2004) 5Canis mesomelas, Lyle R. Walton and Damien O. Joly, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 715, pp. 1–9 (2003) 6Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2. 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access