Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Antidorcas > Antidorcas marsupialis

Antidorcas marsupialis (springbok)

Wikipedia Abstract

(This article is about the antelope. For the "Springboks", see South Africa national rugby union team. For other uses, see Springbok (disambiguation).) The springbok /ˈsprɪŋˌbɒk/ (Antidorcas marsupialis) is a medium-sized antelope found mainly in southern and southwestern Africa. The sole member of the genus Antidorcas, this bovid was first described by the German zoologist Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann in 1780. Three subspecies are identified. A slender, long-legged antelope, the springbok reaches 71 to 86 cm (28 to 34 in) at the shoulder and weighs between 27 and 42 kg (60 and 93 lb). Both sexes have a pair of black, 35-to-50-centimetre (14 to 20 in) long horns that curve backward. The springbok is characterised by a white face, a dark stripe running from the eyes to the mouth,
View Wikipedia Record: Antidorcas marsupialis


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.41
EDGE Score: 2


Adult Weight [1]  85.98 lbs (39.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  9.17 lbs (4.16 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  7 months 3 days
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 1 month
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  5 months 18 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  20 years
Speed [3]  55.27 MPH (24.71 m/s)
Weaning [1]  4 months 1 day


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namib desert Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bontebok National Park II 8315 Western Cape, South Africa
Cape West Coast Biosphere Reserve 934651 Western Cape, South Africa
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Golden Gate Highlands National Park II 28689 Free State, South Africa
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Namib-Naukluft National Park II 12585619 Namibia  
Naute Dam Recreational Resort V 58352 Namibia  
Skeleton Coast Game Park II 4168395 Namibia  


Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No

Emblem of

South Africa

Prey / Diet

Caroxylon rabieanum[4]
Cullen tomentosum[5]
Cymbopogon pospischilii[4]
Cynodon dactylon (manienie)[4]
Cynodon incompletus (cynodon)[4]
Cyperus usitatus[4]
Eragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)[4]
Eragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)[4]
Eragrostis obtusa[4]
Nenax microphylla[4]
Nolletia ciliaris[4]
Olearia muricata[4]
Osteospermum leptolobum[4]
Panicum coloratum (klinegrass)[4]
Pentzia calcarea[4]
Pentzia globosa[4]
Pentzia incana (African sheepbush)[4]
Pentzia lanata[4]
Pentzia viridis[4]
Rhigozum trichotomum[6]
Schmidtia pappophoroides[4]
Searsia ciliata[4]
Sporobolus fimbriatus (fringed dropseed)[4]
Sporobolus ioclados (pan dropseed)[4]
Themeda triandra (red grass)[4]
Tragus berteronianus (spiked burr grass)[4]
Urochloa trichopus[4]
Vachellia erioloba (camelthorn)[5]
Vachellia nilotica (Gum Arabic Tree)[6]
Vachellia tortilis (umbrella thorn)[4]
Ziziphus mucronata (Buffalo Thorn)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aepyceros melampus (impala)2
Camelus dromedarius (dromedary)1
Cephalophus natalensis (Natal duiker)1
Connochaetes taurinus (blue wildebeest)2
Corythaixoides leucogaster (White-bellied Go-away-bird)1
Crithagra atrogularis (Black-throated Canary)1
Equus quagga (quagga)1
Equus quagga burchellii (Burchell's zebra)2
Equus zebra (mountain zebra)7
Estrilda erythronotos (Black-faced Waxbill)1
Euplectes progne (Long-tailed Widowbird)1
Gazella dorcas (Dorcas gazelle)1
Giraffa camelopardalis (giraffe)1
Heterohyrax brucei (Yellow-spotted Rock Hyrax)1
Hippopotamus amphibius (hippopotamus)4
Kobus ellipsiprymnus (waterbuck)1
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)1
Neotragus moschatus (suni)2
Oryx gazella (gemsbok)1
Otolemur crassicaudatus (greater galago)1
Ourebia ourebi (oribi)2
Papio hamadryas (hamadryas baboon)2
Plectropterus gambensis (Spur-winged Goose)2
Pytilia melba (Green-winged Pytilia)1
Stigmochelys pardalis (Leopard Tortoise)2
Sylvicapra grimmia (bush duiker)2
Syncerus caffer (African buffalo)6
Tragelaphus strepsiceros (greater kudu)2


Acinonyx jubatus (Cheetah)[5]
Aquila rapax (Tawny Eagle)[4]
Aquila verreauxii (Verreaux's Eagle)[4]
Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)[7]
Caracal caracal (Caracal)[4]
Crocuta crocuta (Spotted Hyena)[4]
Felis silvestris lybica (African wild cat)[4]
Hyaena brunnea (Brown Hyena)[4]
Lycaon pictus (African wild dog)[4]
Mellivora capensis (Honey Badger)[4]
Panthera leo (Lion)[4]
Panthera pardus (Leopard)[4]
Polemaetus bellicosus (Martial Eagle)[4]


Parasitized by 
Amblyomma hebraeum (Bont tick)[8]
Amblyomma marmoreum (South African Tortoise tick)[8]
Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax bacterium)[8]
Cooperioides antidorca[4]
Haemonchus bedfordi[4]
Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm)[8]
Haemonchus krugeri[4]
Hippobosca rufipes[8]
Hyalomma truncatum (Shiny Hyalomma)[8]
Ixodes pilosus (Bush tick)[4]
Ixodes rubicundus (Karoo paralysis tick)[8]
Linognathus antidorcitis[8]
Linognathus armatus[8]
Linognathus bedfordi[4]
Linognathus digitalis[8]
Linognathus euchore[8]
Lipoptena sepiacea[8]
Longistrongylus curvispiculum[4]
Longistrongylus sabie[4]
Margaropus winthemi (South African beady-legged tick)[4]
Nematodirus spathiger[8]
Ostertagia ostertagi[8]
Rhinoestrus antidorcitis[8]
Rhinoestrus vanzyli[8]
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (Brown ear tick)[4]
Rhipicephalus decoloratus (African blue tick)[8]
Rhipicephalus follis (Karoo brown tick)[4]
Rhipicephalus glabroscutatum (Smooth brown tick)[8]
Rhipicephalus nitens (Shiny brown tick)[4]
Teladorsagia hamata <Unverified Name>[9]
Trichostrongylus axei[4]
Trichostrongylus colubriformis[8]
Trichostrongylus deflexus[4]
Trichostrongylus thomasi[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Ain Zoo
Al Bustan Zoological Center
Artis Zoo
Auckland Zoological Parkangolensis
Badoca Safari Park
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardensmarsupialis
DSI Givskud Zoo
Emerald Safari Resortmarsupialis
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zoo
Giza Zoological Garden
International Animal Exchange, Inc.angolensis
Jackson Zoological Parkmarsupialis
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Kansas City Zoomarsupialis
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Lichtenburg Game Breeding Centermarsupialis
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Maktoum Wildlife Centremarsupialis
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africamarsupialis
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Orana Wildlife Parkangolensis
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquariummarsupialis
Planete Sauvage
Safari West
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
San Diego Wild Animal Parkangolensis
Santa Fe CollegeTeaching Zoo
Silver Springs Park
Thoiry Zoological Park
Tygerberg Zoopark
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Wildlife World Zoo
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Parc de Beauval

Range Map




Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Antidorcas marsupialis, James W. Cain III, Paul R. Krausman, and Heather L. Germaine, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 753, pp. 1–7 (2004)
5The Namib: Detritus and Fog Dependence Scott Christy March 1st, 2006
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Canis mesomelas, Lyle R. Walton and Damien O. Joly, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 715, pp. 1–9 (2003)
8Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access