Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Gazella > Gazella gazella

Gazella gazella (mountain gazelle; Arabian gazelle)

Wikipedia Abstract

The mountain gazelle (Gazella gazella) is a species of gazelle widely but unevenly distributed in Israel, the Golan Heights, and Turkey. It inhabits mountains, foothills, and coastal plains. Its range coincides closely with that of the acacia trees that grow in these areas. It is mainly a grazing species, though this varies with food availability. It is less well adapted to hot, dry conditions than the Dorcas gazelle, which appears to have replaced the mountain gazelle through some of its range during the late Holocene in a period of climatic warming.
View Wikipedia Record: Gazella gazella


Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Gazella gazella

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.85
EDGE Score: 2.73


Adult Weight [1]  47.34 lbs (21.48 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  5.20 lbs (2.36 kg)
Female Weight [1]  39.88 lbs (18.09 kg)
Male Weight [1]  54.81 lbs (24.86 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  37.4 %
Female Maturity [2]  1 year 3 months
Diet [3]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [3]  100 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Gestation [2]  6 months
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  2
Maximum Longevity [2]  18 years
Migration [4]  Intracontinental
Weaning [2]  88 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Al Hajar montane woodlands Oman Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Al-Khunfah Protected Area 5053305 Saudi Arabia      
Bandhavgarh National Park II 89210 Madhya Pradesh, India  
Farasan Islands Special Nature Reserve 177805 Saudi Arabia      
Jiddat al Harasis (Arabian Oryx Sanctuary) II 6991712 Oman  
Lal Suhanra National Park V 17972 Pakistan  
Mujib Nature Reserve Wildlife Reserve IV   Jordan
Parc National de Djebel Chambi National Park II 24999 Tunisia  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Cynodon dactylon (manienie)[1]
Nitraria retusa[1]
Ochradenus baccatus[1]
Plicosepalus acaciae[1]
Ziziphus lotus (lotus jujube)[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Bos frontalis gaurus (gaur)1
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)1
Carpodacus synoicus (Sinai Rosefinch)1
Equus quagga burchellii (Burchell's zebra)1
Gazella dorcas (Dorcas gazelle)2
Hippopotamus amphibius (hippopotamus)1
Hypocolius ampelinus (Hypocolius)1
Kobus ellipsiprymnus (waterbuck)1
Rhinoceros unicornis (Indian rhinoceros)1
Sylvia leucomelaena (Arabian Warbler)1
Vulpes cana (Blanford's Fox)1


Acinonyx jubatus (Cheetah)[5]
Canis lupus (Wolf)[1]
Caracal caracal (Caracal)[1]
Homo sapiens (man)[5]
Panthera pardus (Leopard)[1]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[5]


Parasitized by 
Calicophoron microbothrium <Unverified Name>[6]
Linognathus tibialis[5]
Nematodirus abnormalis[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Ain Zoocora
Al Bustan Zoological Centercora
Al-Wabra Wildlife Preservation
Bannerghatta Biological Park
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkingazella
Haifa Zoo & Biological Institute
King Khalid Wldf Res Cntr -Thumamah
Maktoum Wildlife Centremuscatensis
Sakkarbaugh Zoo, Junagadhacaciae
Sharjah Breeding Centre For Endangered
Sri Chamarajendra Zoo (Mysore Zoo)
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardensgazella
Wadi Al Safa Wildlife Centrecora

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China);



Attributes / relations provided by
1Gazella gazella, Heinrich Mendelssohn, Yoram Yom-Tov, and Colin P. Groves, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 490, pp. 1-7 (1995)
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access