Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Saiga > Saiga tatarica
 

Saiga tatarica (saiga)

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Saiga tatarica

EDGE Analysis

The saiga is a very distinctive looking antelope, with a large, proboscis-like nose which hangs down over its mouth. Renowned for its high reproductive potential, the species was thought to be able to withstand even relatively high levels of hunting for its horns - less than 20 years ago, the total saiga population stood at more than one million, and appeared relatively stable. However, intensified poaching pressures during the 1990s, coupled with a breakdown of law enforcement following the collapse of the Soviet Union, caused numbers to plummet to fewer than 50,000 in just one decade – one of the most sudden and dramatic population crashes of a large mammal ever seen.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
65
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.73
EDGE Score: 4.94
View EDGE Record: Saiga tatarica

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  76.06 lbs (34.50 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  7.72 lbs (3.50 kg)
Female Weight [1]  61.73 lbs (28.00 kg)
Male Weight [1]  90.39 lbs (41.00 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  46.4 %
Female Maturity [2]  11 months 1 day
Male Maturity [2]  1 year 10 months
Diet [3]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [3]  100 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Gestation [2]  5 months 2 days
Litter Size [2]  2
Litters / Year [2]  1
Migration [4]  Intracontinental
Weaning [2]  87 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bogdhad Mountain Biosphere Reserve 318000 China  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Kaplankyr Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 1293994 Turkmenistan  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No

Prey / Diet

Anabasis aphylla[5]
Bassia villosissima (prostrate summercypress)[5]
Camphorosma monspeliaca[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Procapra gutturosa (Mongolian gazelle)1
Pseudois nayaur (bharal)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ascaris ovis <Unverified Name>[6]
Avitellina centripunctata[6]
Echinococcus granulosus[6]
Marshallagia marshalli <Unverified Name>[6]
Marshallagia mongolica <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirella cameli <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirella gazelli <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus dogieli <Unverified Name>[6]
Nematodirus gazellae <Unverified Name>[6]
Ostertagiella circumcincta <Unverified Name>[6]
Ostertagiella occidentalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Ostertagiella trifida <Unverified Name>[6]
Parafilaria antipini <Unverified Name>[6]
Skrjabinema ovis[6]
Skrjabinema skrjabini <Unverified Name>[6]
Skrjabinodera saiga <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia multiceps <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichocephalus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Dallas Zootatarica
Moscow Zoological Parktatarica
San Diego Wild Animal Parktatarica

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Wildlife As Canon Sees It
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
5Saiga tatarica, Vladimir E. Sokolov, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 38, pp. 1-4 (1974)
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access