Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Taurotragus > Taurotragus derbianus
 

Taurotragus derbianus (giant eland)

Wikipedia Abstract

The giant eland (Taurotragus derbianus), also known as the Lord Derby eland, is an open-forest savanna antelope. A species of the family Bovidae and genus Taurotragus, it was first described in 1847 by John Edward Gray. The giant eland is the largest species of antelope, with a body length ranging from 220–290 cm ( ). There are two subspecies: T.  d.  derbianus and T.  d.  gigas. As a herbivore, the giant eland eats grasses, foliage and branches.
View Wikipedia Record: Taurotragus derbianus

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1,499.15 lbs (680.00 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Gestation [1]  8 months 24 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  20 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Garamba National Park II 1237963 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Manovo-Gounda-Saint Floris National Park 4672437 Bamingui-Bangoran, Central African Republic      
Parc National de la Benoue National Park II 414262 Cameroon  
Parc National de la Boucle du Baoule National Park II 977883 Mali  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Radom National Park II   Sudan  
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  

Prey / Diet

Grewia damine[2]
Hymenocardia acida[2]
Strychnos spinosa (Natal orange)[2]
Ziziphus mauritiana (Indian jujube)[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Tragelaphus strepsiceros (greater kudu)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Carmyerius spatiosus <Unverified Name>[3]
Taenia crocutae <Unverified Name>[3]
Taenia hyaenae <Unverified Name>[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Houston Zoo, Inc.gigas
IAE - African Safari Wildlife Parkgigas
Johannesburg Zoological Gardensgigas
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardensgigas
Miami Metrozoogigas
San Diego Wild Animal Parkgigas
San Francisco Zoological Gardensgigas
White Oak Conservation Centergigas

Distribution

Africa;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Grubb P., 2004-04-22, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2"Diet Composition of Western Derby eland (Taurotragus derbianus derbianus) in the Dry Season in a Natural and a Managed Habitat in Senegal using Faecal Analyses", Pavla Hejcmanová, Miloslav Homolka, Markéta Antonínová, Michal Hejcman & Veronika Podhájecká, South African Journal of Wildlife Research 40(1):27-34. 2010 3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011