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Taurotragus oryx (eland)

Wikipedia Abstract

The common eland (Taurotragus oryx), also known as the southern eland or eland antelope, is a savannah and plains antelope found in East and Southern Africa. It is a species of the family Bovidae and genus Taurotragus. It was first described by Peter Simon Pallas in 1766.
View Wikipedia Record: Taurotragus oryx

Infraspecies

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1,036.18 lbs (470.00 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  70.55 lbs (32.00 kg)
Female Weight [1]  859.81 lbs (390.00 kg)
Male Weight [1]  1,212.55 lbs (550.00 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  41 %
Female Maturity [2]  1 year 7 months
Male Maturity [2]  1 year 6 months
Gestation [2]  9 months 4 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  26 years
Weaning [2]  6 months 2 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Cape West Coast Biosphere Reserve 934651 Western Cape, South Africa
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Golden Gate Highlands National Park II 28689 Free State, South Africa
Itala Game Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve II 72822 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Lake Nakuru National Park II 46472 Kenya  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Mamili National Park II 83904 Namibia  
Mkhaya Game Reserve   Swaziland  
Mount Elgon National Park II 276135 Uganda
Parc National de la Boucle du Baoule National Park II 977883 Mali  
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Weenen Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No

Prey / Diet

Adansonia digitata (baobab)[3]
Dichrostachys cinerea (aroma)[3]
Senegalia nigrescens (knobthorn)[3]
Strychnos pungens (Spine-leaved Monkey Orange)[3]
Vachellia sieberiana var. woodii[3]
Vachellia tortilis subsp. spirocarpa[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aepyceros melampus (impala)1
Cephalophus natalensis (Natal duiker)1
Civettictis civetta (African Civet)1
Diceros bicornis (black rhinoceros)1
Epomophorus gambianus (Gambian epauletted fruit bat)1
Eudorcas thomsonii (Thomson's gazelle)2
Giraffa camelopardalis (giraffe)1
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)2
Micropteropus pusillus (Peters's dwarf epauletted fruit bat)1
Neotragus moschatus (suni)1
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)1
Sylvicapra grimmia (bush duiker)1
Tragelaphus strepsiceros (greater kudu)1

Predators

Acinonyx jubatus (Cheetah)[1]
Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)[4]
Crocuta crocuta (Spotted Hyena)[1]
Lycaon pictus (African wild dog)[1]
Panthera leo (Lion)[1]
Panthera pardus (Leopard)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amblyomma hebraeum (Bont tick)[6]
Amblyomma marmoreum (South African Tortoise tick)[6]
Anaplasma marginale[6]
Anaplasma ovis[6]
Avitellina centripunctata[7]
Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax bacterium)[6]
Calicophoron calicophorum[7]
Calicophoron microbothrium <Unverified Name>[7]
Calicophoron raja <Unverified Name>[7]
Calicophoron sukumum <Unverified Name>[7]
Carmyerius mancupatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Cooperia africana <Unverified Name>[7]
Cooperia connochaeti <Unverified Name>[7]
Cooperia neitzi <Unverified Name>[7]
Cooperia pectinata[7]
Cooperia rotundispiculum <Unverified Name>[7]
Cotylophoron cotylophorum <Unverified Name>[7]
Fasciola gigantica[7]
Haemonchus bedfordi[7]
Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm)[7]
Haemonchus mitchelli[7]
Haemonchus vegliai <Unverified Name>[7]
Hyalomma truncatum (Shiny Hyalomma)[6]
Impalaia taurotragi <Unverified Name>[7]
Ixodes rubicundus (Karoo paralysis tick)[6]
Leptospira interrogans[6]
Nematodirus spathiger[6]
Oesophagostomum mwanzae <Unverified Name>[7]
Oesophagostomum radiatum[7]
Oesophagostomum walkeri <Unverified Name>[7]
Rhipicephalus glabroscutatum (Smooth brown tick)[6]
Rhipicephalus lunulatus[6]
Schistosoma mattheei <Unverified Name>[7]
Setaria africana <Unverified Name>[7]
Setaria hornbyi <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichostrongylus deflexus[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
African Safari
Al Ain Zoo
Audubon Zoopattersonianus
Badoca Safari Park
Boras Djurpark Zoo
Bowmanville Zoological Park
Dallas Zoopattersonianus
Denver Zoological Gardenspattersonianus
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Disney's Animal Kingdom
 pattersonianus
DSI Givskud Zoo
Emerald Safari Resort
Freeport-McMoran Audubon SpecSurvl Ctr
 oryx
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Hattiesburg Zoo
IAE - African Safari Wildlife Park
 pattersonianus
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoooryx
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Jardin Zoologique de la Ville de Lyon
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kansas City Zoo
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Knowsley Safari Park
Knuthenborg Safaripark
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASA
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Lichtenburg Game Breeding Center
Lion Country Safari Inc - Florida
Longleat Safari Park
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Magnetic Hill Zoo
Maktoum Wildlife Centreoryx
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrpark
Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centreoryx
Monarto Zoological Park
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africaoryx
National Zoo & Aquarium
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Oakland Zoopattersonianus
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Odsherreds Zoo Dyrepark A/S
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc de Lunaret
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
Parc Safari / F.A.P.S.
 oryx
Parc Zoologique de Lille
Parco Natura Viva
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque de la Naturaleza de Cabarceno
Parque Zoologico Nacional, ZOODOM
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Phoenix Zoooryx
Planete Sauvage
Port Lympne Wild Animal Park
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Riga Zoo
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Safari de Peaugres
Safari West
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
San Diego Wild Animal Parkpattersonianus
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Silesian Zoological Garden
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Taipei Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Tbilisi Zoo
The Wilds
Thoiry Zoological Park
 oryx
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tierwelt Herberstein
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Virginia Safari Park & Preserv Ctr,Inc
Werribee Open Range Zoo
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltd
Western Plains Zoo
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife Safari Incoryx
Wilhelma Zoo
Woburn Safari Park
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Safari Swierkocin
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologico De Vallarta
Zoologischer Garten Saarbruecken
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal

Distribution

Africa; Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Taurotragus oryx, Lindsay A. Pappas, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 689, pp. 1–5 (2002) 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3A RECORD OF FRUITS AND SEEDS DISPERSED BY MAMMALS AND BIRDS FROM SINGIDA DISTRICT OF TANGANYIKA TERRITORY, B. D. BURTT, Journal of Ecology Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 351-355 (1929) 4Canis mesomelas, Lyle R. Walton and Damien O. Joly, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 715, pp. 1–9 (2003) 5The Serengeti food web: empirical quantification and analysis of topological changes under increasing human impact, Sara N. de Visser, Bernd P. Freymann and Han Olff, Journal of Animal Ecology 2011, 80, 484–494 6Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2. 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access