Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Tragelaphus > Tragelaphus eurycerus

Tragelaphus eurycerus (bongo)

Wikipedia Abstract

The bongo (Tragelaphus eurycerus) is a herbivorous, mostly nocturnal forest ungulate. It is among the largest of the African forest antelope species.Bongos are characterised by a striking reddish-brown coat, black and white markings, white-yellow stripes and long slightly spiralled horns. Indeed, bongos are the only tragelaphid in which both sexes have horns. They have a complex social interaction and are found in African dense forest mosaics.The western or lowland bongo, T. e.
View Wikipedia Record: Tragelaphus eurycerus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.42
EDGE Score: 3.13


Adult Weight [1]  677.92 lbs (307.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  43.65 lbs (19.80 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 2 months
Male Maturity [1]  2 years 6 months
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  9 months 18 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  22 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central Congolian lowland forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bia National Park II 76804 Ghana    
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Mount Kenya Biosphere Reserve II 146694 Kenya
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
Parc National d'Odzala National Park II 3423581 Congo  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de Tai National Park II 1085310 Côte d'Ivoire  
Reserve Floristique de Yangambi Strict Nature Reserve Ia 183742 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Reserve Forestiere et de Faune du Dja Wildlife Reserve IV 1551322 Cameroon  
Reserve Naturelle Integrale d'Ipassa-Makokou Biosphere Reserve 37066 Gabon  
Salonga National Park II 8300948 Democratic Republic of the Congo  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No

Prey / Diet

Cleistopholis patens[3]
Cryptolepis nigrescens[3]
Entada gigas (nicker bean)[3]
Gilbertiodendron dewevrei[4]
Manilkara letouzei[3]
Manniophyton fulvum[3]
Massularia acuminata[3]
Microdesmis puberula[3]
Mimulopsis solmsii[5]
Parochetus communis (blue-oxalis)[5]
Tabernaemontana penduliflora[3]
Whitfieldia elongata[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Bycanistes cylindricus (Brown-cheeked Hornbill)1
Bycanistes fistulator (Piping Hornbill)1
Ceratogymna atrata (Black-casqued Wattled Hornbill)1
Colobus polykomos (king colobus)1
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)1
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)1


Parasitized by 
Leptospira interrogans[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africa Alive!isaaci
Al Bustan Zoological Center
Blackpool Zooisaaci
Boras Djurpark Zooisaaci
BREC's Baton Rouge Zooisaaci
Burger's Zooisaaci
Caldwell Zooisaaci
Cape May County Park Zooisaaci
Center for Conserv. of Trop. Ungulatesisaaci
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeronisaaci
Chehaw Wild Animal Parkisaaci
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Gardenisaaci
City of Belfast Zooisaaci
Dallas Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardensisaaci
Dickerson Park Zooisaaci
Disney's Animal Kingdomisaaci
DSI Givskud Zooisaaci
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zooisaaci
Folly Farm Leisure Ltdisaaci
Fort Worth Zoological Parkisaaci
Fossil Rim Wildlife Centerisaaci
Freeport-McMoran Audubon SpecSurvl Ctrisaaci
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zooisaaci
Gladys Porter Zooisaaci
Great Plains Zooisaaci
Houston Zoo, Inc.isaaci
Howletts Wild Animal Parkisaaci
IAE - African Safari Wildlife Parkisaaci
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardensisaaci
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Johannesburg Zoological Gardensisaaci
John Ball Zoological Gardenisaaci
Kansas City Zooisaaci
Knowsley Safari Parkisaaci
Longleat Safari Parkisaaci
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardensisaaci
Louisville Zoological Gardenisaaci
Maktoum Wildlife Centreisaaci
Marwell Wildlifeisaaci
Melbourne Zooisaaci
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsawisaaci
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardensisaaci
Monarto Zoological Parkisaaci
Mountain View Conservation & Breedingisaaci
Nagoya Higashiyama Zoo
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africaisaaci
North Carolina Zoological Parkisaaci
North of England Zoological Societyisaaci
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opoleisaaci
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zooisaaci
Oregon Wildlife Foundationisaaci
Ouwehand Zooisaaci
Paignton Zoo Environmental Parkisaaci
Parc de Lunaretisaaci
Parc Zoologic de Barcelonaisaaci
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowieisaaci
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna ABisaaci
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikènisaaci
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leonisaaci
Port Lympne Wild Animal Parkisaaci
Potter Park Zoological Gardensisaaci
Rare Species Conservatoryisaaci
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safariisaaci
Roosevelt Park Zooisaaci
Rotterdam Zooisaaci
Sacramento Zoo
Safari de Peaugresisaaci
Safari Westisaaci
Saint Louis Zoological Park
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquarisaaci
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
Singapore Zoological Gardensisaaci
Taipei Zooisaaci
Taronga Zoo
Thoiry Zoological Parkisaaci
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.isaaci
Virginia Safari Park & Preserv Ctr,Incisaaci
Virginia Zoological Parkisaaci
Western Plains Zooisaaci
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munsterisaaci
Whipsnade Wild Animal Parkisaaci
White Oak Conservation Center
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendaelisaaci
Wilhelma Zooisaaci
Woburn Safari Parkisaaci
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)isaaci
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo de La Flecheisaaci
Zoo Duisburg AGisaaci
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.isaaci
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zooisaaci
Zoo of Antwerpisaaci
Zoobotanico de Jerezisaaci
Zoological Garden Pragueisaaci
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublinisaaci
Zoologicka zahrada Bojniceisaaci
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurtisaaci
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertalisaaci

Range Map




Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Feeding ecology of a large social antelope in the rainforest, Corinne Klaus-Hügi, Gregor Klaus, Bernhard Schmid, Barbara König, Oecologia (1999) 119:81-90
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Tragelaphus eurycerus, Katherine Ralls, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 111, pp. 1-4 (1978)
6Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access