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Tragelaphus spekii (sitatunga)

Wikipedia Abstract

The sitatunga or marshbuck (Tragelaphus spekii) is a swamp-dwelling antelope found throughout Central Africa, centering on the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Cameroon, parts of Southern Sudan, Ghana, Botswana, Zambia, Gabon, Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya.
View Wikipedia Record: Tragelaphus spekii

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
26
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.42
EDGE Score: 2.44

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  192.91 lbs (87.50 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  8.82 lbs (4.00 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  1 year 1 month
Diet [3]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [3]  100 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Gestation [2]  8 months 2 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  23 years
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central African mangroves Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial, Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Mangroves    
Central Congolian lowland forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guinean mangroves Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire Afrotropic Mangroves
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Nigerian lowland forests Nigeria, Benin Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Mamili National Park II 83904 Namibia  
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
Parc National d'Odzala National Park II 3423581 Congo  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Reserve Forestiere et de Faune du Dja Wildlife Reserve IV 1551322 Cameroon  
Reserve Naturelle Integrale d'Ipassa-Makokou Biosphere Reserve 37066 Gabon  
Salonga National Park II 8300948 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No

Prey / Diet

Cyperus papyrus (papyrus)[4]
Lipotriche scandens subsp. scandens[4]
Persicaria attenuata subsp. pulchra (pale smartweed)[4]
Persicaria senegalensis (coastal jointweed)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Linognathus limnotragi[5]
Rhipicephalus aquatilis[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africa Alive!gratus
African Safarigratus
Artis Zoogratus
Attica Zoological Park S.A.gratus
Badoca Safari Park
 gratus
Birmingham Nature Centregratus
Blackbrook Zoological Parkgratus
Blackpool Zoogratus
Bowmanville Zoological Park
Center for Conserv. of Trop. Ungulates
 spekii
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.gratus
City of Belfast Zoogratus
Cologne Zoogratus
Curraghs Wildlife Parkgratus
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plainegratus
 spekii
Exmoor Zoological Parkgratus
Folly Farm Leisure Ltdgratus
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
 spekii
Hamilton Zoo
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoogratus
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Knowsley Safari Parkgratus
Marwell Wildlifegratus
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Mesker Park Zoo
 spekii
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodzgratus
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsawgratus
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzezagratus
Mountain View Conservation & Breeding
Mulhouse Zoogratus
North Carolina Zoological Park
 spekii
North of England Zoological Societygratus
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFTgratus
Odense Zoologiske Havegratus
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Mileragratus
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opolegratus
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniugratus
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)gratus
Parc Paradisio S.A.
 gratus
Parco Natura Vivagratus
Planete Sauvage
Port Lympne Wild Animal Parkgratus
Safaripark Beekse Bergengratus
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunngratus
San Diego Wild Animal Parkspekii
San Diego Zoospekii
Silesian Zoological Gardengratus
STB Kanta - Friguia Zoogratus
Thoiry Zoological Parkgratus
Toronto Zoo
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.gratus
Western Plains Zoo
Whipsnade Wild Animal Parkgratus
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendaelgratus
Wroclaw Zoo, LLCgratus
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.gratus
Yorkshire Wildlife Parkgratus
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagrebgratus
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)gratus
Zoo d'Assongratus
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)gratus
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.gratus
Zoo Parc de Beauvalgratus
Zoo Safari Swierkocingratus
Zoological Garden Prague
 gratus
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislavaspekii
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzengratus
Zoologická zahrada Hodoníngratus

Range Map

Africa;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Understanding sitatunga (Tragelaphus spekii) habitats through diet analysis in Rushebeya-Kanyabaha wetland, Uganda, Joseph Ndawula, Mnason Tweheyo, David M. Tumusiime and Gerald Eilu, Afr. J. Ecol., 49, 481–489
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access