Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Tragelaphus > Tragelaphus strepsiceros
 

Tragelaphus strepsiceros (greater kudu)

Wikipedia Abstract

The greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) is a woodland antelope found throughout eastern and southern Africa. Despite occupying such widespread territory, they are sparsely populated in most areas, due to a declining habitat, deforestation and poaching. The greater kudu is one of two species commonly known as kudu, the other being the lesser kudu, T. imberbis.
View Wikipedia Record: Tragelaphus strepsiceros

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
26
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.74
EDGE Score: 2.46

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  479.51 lbs (217.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  33.07 lbs (15.00 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 5 months
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  7 months 18 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  24 years
Weaning [1]  6 months 3 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cape West Coast Biosphere Reserve 934651 Western Cape, South Africa
Dinder National Park II 2088300 Sudan  
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kora National Park II 409762 Kenya
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Mamili National Park II 83904 Namibia  
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  
Moremi Game Reserve IV 1214686 Botswana  
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Namib-Naukluft National Park II 12585619 Namibia  
Naute Dam Recreational Resort V 58352 Namibia  
Nechisar National Park II 256137 Ethiopia  
Radom National Park II   Sudan  
Skeleton Coast Game Park II 4168395 Namibia  
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Weenen Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Prey / Diet

Boscia albitrunca (Shepherd's Tree)[3]
Colophospermum mopane (Butterfly Tree)[3]
Combretum apiculatum (Red Bushwillow)[3]
Combretum imberbe (Leadwood tree)[3]
Combretum mossambicense (Knobbly Creeper)[3]
Gardenia resiniflua[3]
Grewia damine[3]
Hibiscus micranthus[3]
Indigofera heterotricha[3]
Schotia brachypetala (Weeping Schotia)[3]
Sclerocarya birrea (marula)[3]
Senegalia nigrescens (knobthorn)[3]
Terminalia prunioides (Lowveld Cluster-leaf)[3]
Tinnea rhodesiana[3]
Vachellia karroo (karroothorn)[4]
Vachellia nilotica (Gum Arabic Tree)[4]
Vachellia tortilis (umbrella thorn)[3]
Ziziphus mucronata (Buffalo Thorn)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Antidorcas marsupialis (springbok)2
Camelus dromedarius (dromedary)1
Corythaixoides leucogaster (White-bellied Go-away-bird)1
Creatophora cinerea (Wattled Starling)1
Estrilda perreini (Grey Waxbill)1
Eudorcas thomsonii (Thomson's gazelle)1
Gazella dorcas (Dorcas gazelle)1
Heterohyrax brucei (Yellow-spotted Rock Hyrax)1
Lamprotornis nitens (Cape Starling)1
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)2
Neotragus moschatus (suni)3
Onychognathus nabouroup (Pale-winged Starling)1
Otolemur crassicaudatus (greater galago)1
Papio hamadryas (hamadryas baboon)1
Petromus typicus (Dassie rat)4
Ploceus velatus (Southern Masked Weaver)2
Poicephalus rueppellii (Rüppell's Parrot)1
Poicephalus senegalus (Senegal Parrot)1
Sylvicapra grimmia (bush duiker)1
Taurotragus derbianus (giant eland)1
Taurotragus oryx (eland)1
Xerus princeps (Damara ground squirrel)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Agriostomum gorgonis <Unverified Name>[5]
Amblyomma hebraeum (Bont tick)[6]
Amblyomma marmoreum (South African Tortoise tick)[6]
Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax bacterium)[6]
Calicophoron microbothrium <Unverified Name>[5]
Calicophoron phillerouxi <Unverified Name>[5]
Calicophoron raja <Unverified Name>[5]
Cooperia acutispiculum <Unverified Name>[5]
Cooperia fuelleborni <Unverified Name>[5]
Cooperia hungi <Unverified Name>[5]
Cooperia neitzi <Unverified Name>[5]
Cooperia pectinata[5]
Cooperia rotundispiculum <Unverified Name>[5]
Cooperia schistopapillatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Cooperia yoshidai <Unverified Name>[5]
Cooperioides hamiltoni <Unverified Name>[5]
Cordophilus sagittus <Unverified Name>[5]
Cotylophoron cotylophorum <Unverified Name>[5]
Cotylophoron jacksoni <Unverified Name>[5]
Dictyocaulus filaria[6]
Dictyocaulus viviparus[5]
Echinococcus granulosus[5]
Elaeophora sagittus <Unverified Name>[5]
Haemaphysalis silacea (Ciskei tick)[6]
Haematopinus taurotragi[4]
Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm)[6]
Haemonchus placei <Unverified Name>[5]
Haemonchus vegliai <Unverified Name>[5]
Hyalomma truncatum (Shiny Hyalomma)[6]
Impalaia nudicollis <Unverified Name>[5]
Impalaia tuberculata <Unverified Name>[5]
Ixodes pilosus (Bush tick)[6]
Leptospira interrogans[6]
Linognathus panamensis[4]
Linognathus taurotragus[4]
Lipoptena paradoxa[6]
Moniezia benedeni <Unverified Name>[5]
Mycobacterium bovis (Bovine tuberculosis)[6]
Nematodirus helvetianus[5]
Ostertagia ostertagi[6]
Paracooperia devossi <Unverified Name>[5]
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (Brown ear tick)[6]
Rhipicephalus decoloratus (African blue tick)[6]
Rhipicephalus glabroscutatum (Smooth brown tick)[6]
Rhipicephalus lunulatus[6]
Rhipicephalus maculatus[6]
Rhipicephalus muehlensi (Nyala tick)[6]
Rhipicephalus simus (Glossy tick)[6]
Schistosoma mattheei <Unverified Name>[5]
Setaria africana <Unverified Name>[5]
Strongyloides papillosus[5]
Taenia crocutae <Unverified Name>[5]
Taenia gonyamai <Unverified Name>[5]
Thelazia rhodesi <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichostrongylus deflexus[5]
Trichostrongylus falculatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichostrongylus magna <Unverified Name>[5]
Trichostrongylus thomasi[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
B. Bryan Preserve
Binder Park Zoo
Birmingham Zoo
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Burger's Zoo
Caldwell Zoo
Cameron Park Zoo
Center for Conserv. of Trop. Ungulates
Colchester Zoo
Dallas Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Disney's Animal Kingdom
El Paso Zoo
Espace Zoologique la Boissiere du Dore
Fossil Rim Wildlife Center
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zoo
Gladys Porter Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Howletts Wild Animal Park
IAE - African Safari Wildlife Park
Indianapolis Zoo
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoostrepsiceros
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Lion Country Safari Inc - Florida
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
 strepsiceros
Maktoum Wildlife Centrestrepsiceros
Marwell Wildlife
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Mesker Park Zoo
Miami Metrozoo
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centrestrepsiceros
Montgomery Zoo
Municipal Independent Org. Roev Ruchei
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
North Carolina Zoological Park
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Oregon Wildlife Foundation
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
Parc Safari / F.A.P.S.
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parc Zoologique de Paris (MNHN)
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Planete Sauvage
Port Lympne Wild Animal Park
Reserve Africaine de Sigean
Rotterdam Zoo
Safari West
San Diego Wild Animal Parkstrepsiceros
San Diego Zoostrepsiceros
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Silesian Zoological Garden
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Tbilisi Zoo
The Naples Zoo
Thoiry Zoological Park
Tiergarten Heidelberg
 strepsiceros
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Toronto Zoo
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Wadi Al Safa Wildlife Centrestrepsiceros
Werribee Open Range Zoo
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
 strepsiceros
Zoo Duisburg AG
 strepsiceros
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen

Range Map

Africa;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3The diet of kudus in a mopane dominated area, South Africa, J. F. Hooimeijer, F. A. Jansen, W. F. De Boer, D. Wessels, C. Van der Waal, C. B. De Jong, N. D. Otto, L. Knoop, Koedoe Vol 48, No 2, pp. 93-102 (2005)
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
6Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access