Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Capra > Capra ibex

Capra ibex (ibex)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Alpine ibex (Capra ibex), also known as the steinbock or bouquetin, is a species of wild goat that lives in the mountains of the European Alps. It is a sexually dimorphic species with larger males who carry larger, curved horns. The coat colour is typically brownish grey. Alpine ibex tend to live in steep, rough terrain above the snow line. They are also social, although adult males and females segregate for most of the year, coming together only to mate.
View Wikipedia Record: Capra ibex

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.45
EDGE Score: 1.7


Adult Weight [1]  181.88 lbs (82.50 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  6.28 lbs (2.85 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 2 months
Male Maturity [1]  3 years 5 months
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  5 months 19 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  21 years
Weaning [1]  9 months 4 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Adamello Presanella 69894 Italy  
Ajar Valley Wildlife Sanctuary Wildlife Reserve IV 158064 Afghanistan  
Alpi Giulie 44561 Italy  
Alpi Marittime 83205 Italy  
Alpi Veglia e Devero - Monte Giove 37357 Italy  
Alta Valsesia e Valli Otro, Vogna, Gronda, Artogna e Sorba 46789 Italy  
Alte Valli Anzasca, Antrona e Bognanco 53311 Italy  
Alto Garda Bresciano 53192 Italy  
Ambienti glaciali del Gruppo del Monte Rosa 21362 Italy  
Bagni di Masino - Pizzo Badile - Val di Mello - Val Torrone - Piano di Preda Rossa 23828 Italy  
Belviso Barbellino 4804 Italy  
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve 141740 Uzbekistan  
Disgrazia - Sissone 7438 Italy  
Dolomiti del Cadore e del Comelico 173952 Italy  
Dolomiti di Ampezzo 28076 Italy  
Dolomiti Friulane 90787 Italy  
Gruppo Antelao - Marmarole - Sorapis 42178 Italy  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
Lacines - Catena del Monteneve nel Parco Naturale Gruppo di Tessa 20003 Italy  
Lagorai 114140 Italy  
Las Sierras de Cazorla y Segura Biosphere Reserve 469500 Spain  
Mont Avic e Mont Emilius 77947 Italy  
Monte di Scerscen - Ghiacciai di Scerscen - Monte Motta 23885 Italy  
Monte Rosa 21095 Italy  
Mujib Nature Reserve Wildlife Reserve IV   Jordan
Nuristan Reserve National Park 1419914 Afghanistan  
Pamir-i-Buzurg Wildlife Sanctuary Wildlife Reserve IV 199583 Afghanistan  
Parc National Suisse National Park Ia   Switzerland
Parco Naturale Adamello 53676 Italy  
Parco Naturale Fanes - Senes - Braies 62896 Italy  
Parco Nazionale del Gran Paradiso 175751 Italy  
Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio National Park V 333737 Italy
Parco Regionale Orobie Bergamasche 121015 Italy  
Parco Regionale Orobie Valtellinesi 56377 Italy  
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Val Caffaro 3059 Italy  
Val di Fosse nel Parco Naturale Gruppo di Tessa 24926 Italy  
Val di Togno - Pizzo Scalino 7784 Italy  
Val Ferret 22437 Italy  
Val Troncea 25032 Italy  
Valle dei Ratti - Cime di Gaiazzo 3368 Italy  
Valsolda 808 Italy  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Ajania gracilis[3]
Arenaria leptoclados (oneflower stitchwort)[3]
Arnebia euchroma[3]
Astragalus berteri[3]
Astragalus densiflorus[3]
Cicer microphyllum[3]
Cotoneaster adpressus (creeping cotoneaster)[3]
Cynoglossum anchusoides subsp. anchusoides[3]
Ephedra gerardiana (Gerard jointfir)[3]
Eritrichium pauciflorum (Mackenzie's alpine forget me not)[3]
Gagea serotina (alpine lily)[3]
Geranium pratense (meadow geranium)[3]
Hyssopus officinalis (hyssop)[3]
Koenigia nepalensis[3]
Leontopodium himalayanum[3]
Linum perenne (blue flax)[3]
Nepeta podostachys[3]
Oxytropis cachemiriana[3]
Polygonum aviculare subsp. aviculare (prostrate knotweed)[3]
Rosa webbiana[3]
Rosularia alpestris[3]
Thalictrum foetidum[3]
Thalictrum minus (small meadowrue)[3]
Thymus praecox subsp. britannicus (Creeping Thyme)[3]
Tragopogon gracilis[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Chaetocnema concinna1
Cymus claviculus1
Galerida cristata (Crested Lark)1
Gastrophysa polygoni1
Neides tipularius1
Pseudois nayaur (bharal)3


Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[4]
Canis lupus (Wolf)[4]
Homo sapiens (man)[4]
Panthera pardus (Leopard)[4]
Uncia uncia (Snow leopard)[5]


Parasitized by 
Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme disease)[6]
Brucella melitensis (Brucella / Brucellosis)[6]
Calicophoron microbothrium <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria bovis[7]
Chabertia ovina <Unverified Name>[7]
Chlamydophila psittaci (Psittacosis bacteria / Chlamydiosis bacteria)[6]
Coxiella burnetii[6]
Echinococcus granulosus[7]
Haemonchus contortus (red stomach worm)[7]
Leptospira interrogans[6]
Linognathus stenopsis (Goat sucking body louse)[4]
Marshallagia marshalli <Unverified Name>[7]
Marshallagia occidentalis <Unverified Name>[7]
Muellerius capillaris (hair lungworm)[7]
Mycobacterium avium (Mycobacterium avium)[6]
Mycoplasma conjunctivae[6]
Nematodirus abnormalis[7]
Nematodirus davtiani <Unverified Name>[7]
Nematodirus filicollis[7]
Nematodirus helvetianus[7]
Nematodirus spathiger[7]
Oropsylla silantiewi[8]
Ostertagia circumcincta[7]
Ostertagia kolchida[6]
Ostertagia leptospicularis[7]
Ostertagia lyrata[6]
Ostertagia ostertagi[7]
Ostertagia trifurcata[7]
Protostrongylus hobmaieri <Unverified Name>[7]
Protostrongylus rufescens[7]
Setaria labiatopapillosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Skrjabinema ovis[7]
Skrjabinema rupicaprae <Unverified Name>[7]
Spiculocaulus austriacus <Unverified Name>[7]
Spiculopteragia spiculoptera[6]
Spilopsyllus cuniculi (European rabbit flea)[8]
Taenia kotlani <Unverified Name>[7]
Teladorsagia circumcincta <Unverified Name>[7]
Teladorsagia pinnata <Unverified Name>[7]
Teladorsagia trifurcata <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichostrongylus axei[7]
Trichostrongylus capricola[7]
Trichostrongylus colubriformis[7]
Trichostrongylus vitrinus[7]
Trichuris ovis[7]
Trichuris skrjabini <Unverified Name>[7]
Vermipsylla ibexa[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alpenzoo Innsbruck - Tirol
Artis Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Dierenrijk Europa
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Haifa Zoo & Biological Institute
Helsinki Zoo
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASA
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique Fort Mardyck
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Taipei Zoo
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
Tierpark Dählhölzli
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wilhelma Zoo
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China);



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Food plants and feeding habits of Himalayan ungulates, Anjali Awasthi, Sanjay Kr. Uniyal, Gopal S. Rawat and S. Sathyakumar, CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 85, NO. 6, 25 SEPTEMBER 2003
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Uncia uncia, Helmet Hemmer, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 20, pp. 1-5 (1972)
6Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
8International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access